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Protein

Biosynthetic arginine decarboxylase

Gene

speA

Organism
Shigella flexneri
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the biosynthesis of agmatine from arginine.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Protein has several cofactor binding sites:

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: agmatine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes agmatine from L-arginine.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Biosynthetic arginine decarboxylase (speA), Biosynthetic arginine decarboxylase (speA), Biosynthetic arginine decarboxylase (speA), Biosynthetic arginine decarboxylase (speA)
This subpathway is part of the pathway agmatine biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amine and polyamine biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes agmatine from L-arginine, the pathway agmatine biosynthesis and in Amine and polyamine biosynthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDecarboxylase, Lyase
Biological processPolyamine biosynthesis, Putrescine biosynthesis, Spermidine biosynthesis
LigandMagnesium, Metal-binding, Pyridoxal phosphate

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00186;UER00284

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Biosynthetic arginine decarboxylaseUniRule annotation (EC:4.1.1.19UniRule annotation)
Short name:
ADCUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:speAUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:SF2931, S3133
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiShigella flexneri
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri623 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeShigella
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002673 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
  • UP000001006 Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Periplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001499781 – 662Biosynthetic arginine decarboxylaseAdd BLAST662

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei127N6-(pyridoxal phosphate)lysineUniRule annotation1

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q83Q93

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.By similarity

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q83Q93

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q83Q93

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni307 – 317Substrate-bindingUniRule annotationAdd BLAST11

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the Orn/Lys/Arg decarboxylase class-II family. SpeA subfamily.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105DP5 Bacteria
COG1166 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000029191

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01585

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd06830 PLPDE_III_ADC, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.40.37.10, 1 hit
3.20.20.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_01417 SpeA, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR009006 Ala_racemase/Decarboxylase_C
IPR002985 Arg_decrbxlase
IPR022657 De-COase2_CS
IPR022644 De-COase2_N
IPR022653 De-COase2_pyr-phos_BS
IPR000183 Orn/DAP/Arg_de-COase
IPR029066 PLP-binding_barrel

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR43295 PTHR43295, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02784 Orn_Arg_deC_N, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF001336 Arg_decrbxlase, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01180 ARGDCRBXLASE
PR01179 ODADCRBXLASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF50621 SSF50621, 1 hit
SSF51419 SSF51419, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01273 speA, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00878 ODR_DC_2_1, 1 hit
PS00879 ODR_DC_2_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q83Q93-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSDDMSMGLP SSAGEHGVLR SMQEVAMSSQ EASKMLRTYN IAWWGNNYYD
60 70 80 90 100
VNELGHISVC PDPDVPEARV DLAQLVKTRE AQGQRLPALF CFPQILQHRL
110 120 130 140 150
RSINAAFKRA RESYGYNGDY FLVYPIKVNQ HRRVIESLIH SGEPLGLEAG
160 170 180 190 200
SKAELMAVLA HAGMTRSVIV CNGYKDREYI RLALIGEKMG HKVYLVIEKM
210 220 230 240 250
SEIAIVLDEA ERLNVVPRLG VRARLASQGS GKWQSSGGEK SKFGLAATQV
260 270 280 290 300
LQLVETLREA GRLDSLQLLH FHLGSQMANI RDIATGVRES ARFYVELHKL
310 320 330 340 350
GVNIQCFDVG GGLGVDYEGT RSQSDCSVNY GLNEYANNII WAIGDACEEN
360 370 380 390 400
GLPHPTVITE SGRAVTAHHT VLVSNIIGVE RNEYTVPTAP VEDAPRALQS
410 420 430 440 450
MWETWQEMHE PGTRRSLREW LHDSQMDLHD IHIGYSSGTF SLQERAWAEQ
460 470 480 490 500
LYLSMCHEVQ KQLDPQNRAH RPIIDELQER MADKMYVNFS LFQSMPDAWG
510 520 530 540 550
IDQLFPVLPL EGLDQVPERR AVLLDITCDS DGAIDHYIDG DGIATTMPMP
560 570 580 590 600
EYDPENPPML GFFMVGAYQE ILGNMHNLFG DTEAVDVFVF PDGSVEVELS
610 620 630 640 650
DEGDTVADML QYVQLDPKTL LTQFRDQVKK TDLDAELQQQ FLEEFEAGLY
660
GYTYLEDENL LI
Length:662
Mass (Da):74,368
Last modified:March 29, 2004 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iB5C7358B01276BFC
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAN44412 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti658E → DAANLLI (PubMed:12384590).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE005674 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN44412.1 Different initiation.
AE014073 Genomic DNA Translation: AAP18235.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_708705.1, NC_004337.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAN44412; AAN44412; SF2931
AAP18235; AAP18235; S3133

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
1026003

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sfl:SF2931
sfx:S3133

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|198214.7.peg.3487

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE005674 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN44412.1 Different initiation.
AE014073 Genomic DNA Translation: AAP18235.1
RefSeqiNP_708705.1, NC_004337.2

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ83Q93
SMRiQ83Q93
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ83Q93

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAN44412; AAN44412; SF2931
AAP18235; AAP18235; S3133
GeneIDi1026003
KEGGisfl:SF2931
sfx:S3133
PATRICifig|198214.7.peg.3487

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105DP5 Bacteria
COG1166 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000029191
KOiK01585

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00186;UER00284

Family and domain databases

CDDicd06830 PLPDE_III_ADC, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.40.37.10, 1 hit
3.20.20.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_01417 SpeA, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009006 Ala_racemase/Decarboxylase_C
IPR002985 Arg_decrbxlase
IPR022657 De-COase2_CS
IPR022644 De-COase2_N
IPR022653 De-COase2_pyr-phos_BS
IPR000183 Orn/DAP/Arg_de-COase
IPR029066 PLP-binding_barrel
PANTHERiPTHR43295 PTHR43295, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02784 Orn_Arg_deC_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001336 Arg_decrbxlase, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01180 ARGDCRBXLASE
PR01179 ODADCRBXLASE
SUPFAMiSSF50621 SSF50621, 1 hit
SSF51419 SSF51419, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01273 speA, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00878 ODR_DC_2_1, 1 hit
PS00879 ODR_DC_2_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSPEA_SHIFL
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q83Q93
Secondary accession number(s): Q7UBN8
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 29, 2004
Last sequence update: March 29, 2004
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 99 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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