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Protein

Growth/differentiation factor 7

Gene

GDF7

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

May play an active role in the motor area of the primate neocortex.By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionCytokine, Growth factor

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Growth/differentiation factor 7
Short name:
GDF-7
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GDF7
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000143869.6

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:4222 GDF7

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

More...
MIMi
604651 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_Q7Z4P5

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

More...
DisGeNETi
151449

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000143869

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

More...
PharmGKBi
PA28637

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
GDF7

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

More...
DMDMi
296434517

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 19Sequence analysisAdd BLAST19
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes a propeptide, which is a part of a protein that is cleaved during maturation or activation. Once cleaved, a propeptide generally has no independent biological function.<p><a href='/help/propep' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PropeptideiPRO_000003392220 – 321Sequence analysisAdd BLAST302
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_0000033923322 – 450Growth/differentiation factor 7Add BLAST129

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi83N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi349 ↔ 415By similarity
Disulfide bondi378 ↔ 447By similarity
Disulfide bondi382 ↔ 449By similarity
Disulfide bondi414InterchainBy similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Cleavage on pair of basic residues, Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q7Z4P5

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q7Z4P5

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q7Z4P5

ProteomicsDB human proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
69219

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q7Z4P5

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q7Z4P5

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000143869 Expressed in 126 organ(s), highest expression level in endometrium

CleanEx database of gene expression profiles

More...
CleanExi
HS_GDF7

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q7Z4P5 HS

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer; disulfide-linked.By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000272224

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q7Z4P5

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the TGF-beta family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3900 Eukaryota
ENOG410XT8Z LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000160140

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG107938

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q7Z4P5

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K20013

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
LVGQRWE

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG091G09KP

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q7Z4P5

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF316134

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.10.90.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029034 Cystine-knot_cytokine
IPR001839 TGF-b_C
IPR001111 TGF-b_propeptide
IPR015615 TGF-beta-rel
IPR017948 TGFb_CS

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11848 PTHR11848, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00019 TGF_beta, 1 hit
PF00688 TGFb_propeptide, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00204 TGFB, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF57501 SSF57501, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00250 TGF_BETA_1, 1 hit
PS51362 TGF_BETA_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q7Z4P5-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MDLSAAAALC LWLLSACRPR DGLEAAAVLR AAGAGPVRSP GGGGGGGGGG
60 70 80 90 100
RTLAQAAGAA AVPAAAVPRA RAARRAAGSG FRNGSVVPHH FMMSLYRSLA
110 120 130 140 150
GRAPAGAAAV SASGHGRADT ITGFTDQATQ DESAAETGQS FLFDVSSLND
160 170 180 190 200
ADEVVGAELR VLRRGSPESG PGSWTSPPLL LLSTCPGAAR APRLLYSRAA
210 220 230 240 250
EPLVGQRWEA FDVADAMRRH RREPRPPRAF CLLLRAVAGP VPSPLALRRL
260 270 280 290 300
GFGWPGGGGS AAEERAVLVV SSRTQRKESL FREIRAQARA LGAALASEPL
310 320 330 340 350
PDPGTGTASP RAVIGGRRRR RTALAGTRTA QGSGGGAGRG HGRRGRSRCS
360 370 380 390 400
RKPLHVDFKE LGWDDWIIAP LDYEAYHCEG LCDFPLRSHL EPTNHAIIQT
410 420 430 440 450
LLNSMAPDAA PASCCVPARL SPISILYIDA ANNVVYKQYE DMVVEACGCR
Length:450
Mass (Da):46,950
Last modified:May 18, 2010 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iC7D4D417685D25BD
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti330A → S in AAP97720 (Ref. 1) Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF522369 mRNA Translation: AAP97720.1
AC012065 Genomic DNA No translation available.

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS1701.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_878248.2, NM_182828.3

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Hs.447688
Hs.596282

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000272224; ENSP00000272224; ENSG00000143869

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
151449

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:151449

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc002rdz.2 human

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF522369 mRNA Translation: AAP97720.1
AC012065 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CCDSiCCDS1701.1
RefSeqiNP_878248.2, NM_182828.3
UniGeneiHs.447688
Hs.596282

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ7Z4P5
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9606.ENSP00000272224

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ7Z4P5
PhosphoSitePlusiQ7Z4P5

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiGDF7
DMDMi296434517

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ7Z4P5
PeptideAtlasiQ7Z4P5
PRIDEiQ7Z4P5
ProteomicsDBi69219

Protocols and materials databases

The DNASU plasmid repository

More...
DNASUi
151449
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000272224; ENSP00000272224; ENSG00000143869
GeneIDi151449
KEGGihsa:151449
UCSCiuc002rdz.2 human

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
151449
DisGeNETi151449
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000143869.6

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
GDF7
HGNCiHGNC:4222 GDF7
MIMi604651 gene
neXtProtiNX_Q7Z4P5
OpenTargetsiENSG00000143869
PharmGKBiPA28637

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3900 Eukaryota
ENOG410XT8Z LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000160140
HOVERGENiHBG107938
InParanoidiQ7Z4P5
KOiK20013
OMAiLVGQRWE
OrthoDBiEOG091G09KP
PhylomeDBiQ7Z4P5
TreeFamiTF316134

Miscellaneous databases

The Gene Wiki collection of pages on human genes and proteins

More...
GeneWikii
GDF7

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
151449

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q7Z4P5

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000143869 Expressed in 126 organ(s), highest expression level in endometrium
CleanExiHS_GDF7
GenevisibleiQ7Z4P5 HS

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.10.90.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029034 Cystine-knot_cytokine
IPR001839 TGF-b_C
IPR001111 TGF-b_propeptide
IPR015615 TGF-beta-rel
IPR017948 TGFb_CS
PANTHERiPTHR11848 PTHR11848, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00019 TGF_beta, 1 hit
PF00688 TGFb_propeptide, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00204 TGFB, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF57501 SSF57501, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00250 TGF_BETA_1, 1 hit
PS51362 TGF_BETA_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGDF7_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q7Z4P5
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 19, 2004
Last sequence update: May 18, 2010
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 108 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Human chromosome 2
    Human chromosome 2: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  3. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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