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Entry version 106 (23 Feb 2022)
Sequence version 1 (15 Dec 2003)
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Protein

L-arabinitol 4-dehydrogenase

Gene

ard-1

Organism
Neurospora crassa (strain ATCC 24698 / 74-OR23-1A / CBS 708.71 / DSM 1257 / FGSC 987)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the NAD-dependent oxidation of L-arabinitol to L-xylulose in the fungal L-arabinose catabolic pathway. L-arabinose catabolism is important for using plant material as a carbon source. Not active on D-arabinitol, D-sorbitol and D-mannitol.

1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Zn2+2 PublicationsNote: Binds 2 Zn2+ ions per subunit.2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=16 mM for L-arabinitol (at pH 8)1 Publication
  2. KM=290 mM for xylitol (at pH 8)1 Publication
  3. KM=35 mM for adonitol (at pH 8)1 Publication
  4. KM=174 µM for NAD (at pH 8)1 Publication

pH dependencei

Optimum pH is 9.5. Active from pH 8 to pH 10.5.1 Publication

Temperature dependencei

Optimum temperature is 45-55 degrees Celsius.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-arabinose degradation via L-arabinitol

This protein is involved in step 2 of the subpathway that synthesizes D-xylulose 5-phosphate from L-arabinose (fungal route). This subpathway is part of the pathway L-arabinose degradation via L-arabinitol, which is itself part of Carbohydrate degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes D-xylulose 5-phosphate from L-arabinose (fungal route), the pathway L-arabinose degradation via L-arabinitol and in Carbohydrate degradation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi53Zinc; catalytic1 Publication1
Metal bindingi78Zinc; catalytic1 Publication1
Metal bindingi79Zinc; catalytic1 Publication1
Metal bindingi108Zinc; structural1 Publication1
Metal bindingi111Zinc; structural1 Publication1
Metal bindingi114Zinc; structural1 Publication1
Metal bindingi122Zinc; structural1 Publication1
Metal bindingi163Zinc; catalytic1 Publication1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei211NAD1 Publication1
Binding sitei216NAD1 Publication1
Binding sitei282NAD; via carbonyl oxygen1 Publication1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi190 – 191NAD1 Publication2
Nucleotide bindingi306 – 308NAD1 Publication3

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processArabinose catabolism, Carbohydrate metabolism
LigandMetal-binding, NAD, Nucleotide-binding, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
1.1.1.12, 3627

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00146;UER00575

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
L-arabinitol 4-dehydrogenase (EC:1.1.1.12)
Short name:
LAD
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ard-1
ORF Names:NCU00643
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiNeurospora crassa (strain ATCC 24698 / 74-OR23-1A / CBS 708.71 / DSM 1257 / FGSC 987)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri367110 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaPezizomycotinaSordariomycetesSordariomycetidaeSordarialesSordariaceaeNeurospora
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001805 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1, Linkage Group I

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen, Vector and Host Database Resources

More...
VEuPathDBi
FungiDB:NCU00643

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi59F → A, S or Y: No effect. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi211 – 212DI → SR: Alters cofactor specificity from NAD to NADP; when associated with T-348. 1 Publication2
Mutagenesisi348S → T: Alters cofactor specificity from NAD to NADP; when associated with 211-SR-212. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004184051 – 363L-arabinitol 4-dehydrogenaseAdd BLAST363

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.

2 Publications

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
5141.EFNCRP00000000635

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1363
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q7SI09

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_026673_11_5_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q7SI09

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd05285, sorbitol_DH, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013149, ADH_C
IPR013154, ADH_N
IPR011032, GroES-like_sf
IPR036291, NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR045306, SDH-like

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF08240, ADH_N, 1 hit
PF00107, ADH_zinc_N, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF50129, SSF50129, 1 hit
SSF51735, SSF51735, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q7SI09-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MASSASKTNI GVFTNPQHDL WISEASPSLE SVQKGEELKE GEVTVAVRST
60 70 80 90 100
GICGSDVHFW KHGCIGPMIV ECDHVLGHES AGEVIAVHPS VKSIKVGDRV
110 120 130 140 150
AIEPQVICNA CEPCLTGRYN GCERVDFLST PPVPGLLRRY VNHPAVWCHK
160 170 180 190 200
IGNMSYENGA MLEPLSVALA GLQRAGVRLG DPVLICGAGP IGLITMLCAK
210 220 230 240 250
AAGACPLVIT DIDEGRLKFA KEICPEVVTH KVERLSAEES AKKIVESFGG
260 270 280 290 300
IEPAVALECT GVESSIAAAI WAVKFGGKVF VIGVGKNEIQ IPFMRASVRE
310 320 330 340 350
VDLQFQYRYC NTWPRAIRLV ENGLVDLTRL VTHRFPLEDA LKAFETASDP
360
KTGAIKVQIQ SLE
Length:363
Mass (Da):39,136
Last modified:December 15, 2003 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i6A1CDDDB24D2AE40
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CM002236 Genomic DNA Translation: EAA36547.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
XP_965783.1, XM_960690.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
EAA36547; EAA36547; NCU00643

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
3881980

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ncr:NCU00643

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CM002236 Genomic DNA Translation: EAA36547.1
RefSeqiXP_965783.1, XM_960690.2

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
3M6IX-ray2.60A/B1-363[»]
SMRiQ7SI09
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi5141.EFNCRP00000000635

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiEAA36547; EAA36547; NCU00643
GeneIDi3881980
KEGGincr:NCU00643

Organism-specific databases

VEuPathDBiFungiDB:NCU00643

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiCLU_026673_11_5_1
InParanoidiQ7SI09

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00146;UER00575
BRENDAi1.1.1.12, 3627

Family and domain databases

CDDicd05285, sorbitol_DH, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013149, ADH_C
IPR013154, ADH_N
IPR011032, GroES-like_sf
IPR036291, NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR045306, SDH-like
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF08240, ADH_N, 1 hit
PF00107, ADH_zinc_N, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF50129, SSF50129, 1 hit
SSF51735, SSF51735, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiLAD_NEUCR
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q7SI09
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 5, 2012
Last sequence update: December 15, 2003
Last modified: February 23, 2022
This is version 106 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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