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Entry version 127 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 1 (05 Jul 2004)
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Protein

Dynein light chain 2, cytoplasmic

Gene

Dynll2

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Acts as one of several non-catalytic accessory components of the cytoplasmic dynein 1 complex that are thought to be involved in linking dynein to cargos and to adapter proteins that regulate dynein function. Cytoplasmic dynein 1 acts as a motor for the intracellular retrograde motility of vesicles and organelles along microtubules. May play a role in changing or maintaining the spatial distribution of cytoskeletal structures (By similarity).By similarity

Caution

As DLC8 is commonly used to refer to both DLC1 and DLC2 proteins, it is preferable to adopt the following nomenclature (see PubMed:11602781) where DLC8a and DLC8b corresponds respectively to DLC1 and DLC2.Curated

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionMotor protein
Biological processTransport

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-139910 Activation of BMF and translocation to mitochondria
R-RNO-141444 Amplification of signal from unattached kinetochores via a MAD2 inhibitory signal
R-RNO-1632852 Macroautophagy
R-RNO-2132295 MHC class II antigen presentation
R-RNO-2467813 Separation of Sister Chromatids
R-RNO-2500257 Resolution of Sister Chromatid Cohesion
R-RNO-3371497 HSP90 chaperone cycle for steroid hormone receptors (SHR)
R-RNO-5620924 Intraflagellar transport
R-RNO-5663220 RHO GTPases Activate Formins
R-RNO-6807878 COPI-mediated anterograde transport
R-RNO-6811436 COPI-independent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic
R-RNO-68877 Mitotic Prometaphase

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Dynein light chain 2, cytoplasmic
Alternative name(s):
Dynein light chain LC8-type 2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Dynll2
Synonyms:Dlc2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 10

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
619860 Dynll2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Cytoskeleton, Dynein, Microtubule

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001951341 – 89Dynein light chain 2, cytoplasmicAdd BLAST89

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
Q78P75

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q78P75

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q78P75

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q78P75

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q78P75

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

More...
SwissPalmi
Q78P75

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000008921 Expressed in 10 organ(s), highest expression level in brain

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q78P75 RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer (PubMed:12904292). The cytoplasmic dynein 1 complex consists of two catalytic heavy chains (HCs) and a number of non-catalytic subunits which present intermediate chains (ICs), light intermediate chains (LICs) and light chains (LCs); the composition seems to vary in respect to the IC, LIC and LC composition. The heavy chain homodimer serves as a scaffold for the probable homodimeric assembly of the respective non-catalytic subunits. Dynein ICs and LICs bind directly to the HC dimer and the LCs assemble on the IC dimer (PubMed:11746667).

Interacts with DYNC1I1 (By similarity).

Interacts with GPHN (PubMed:12097491).

Component of the myosin V motor complex (By similarity).

Interacts with BMF (By similarity).

Interacts with BCAS1 (PubMed:16133941).

Interacts with Basson/BSN (By similarity).

By similarity4 Publications

(Microbial infection)

Interacts with rabies virus phosphoprotein.

1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei41Interaction with myosin V motor complexBy similarity1

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
250846, 2 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q78P75, 1 interactor

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
Q78P75

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000012279

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

189
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q78P75

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
Q78P75

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the dynein light chain family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3430 Eukaryota
ENOG4111NK2 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000000378

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q78P75

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K10418

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
HIKKTFD

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1520814at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q78P75

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF300264

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.30.740.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR037177 DLC_sf
IPR019763 Dynein_light_1/2_CS
IPR001372 Dynein_light_chain_typ-1/2

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11886 PTHR11886, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01221 Dynein_light, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01375 Dynein_light, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF54648 SSF54648, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS01239 DYNEIN_LIGHT_1, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q78P75-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSDRKAVIKN ADMSEDMQQD AVDCATQAME KYNIEKDIAA YIKKEFDKKY
60 70 80
NPTWHCIVGR NFGSYVTHET KHFIYFYLGQ VAILLFKSG
Length:89
Mass (Da):10,350
Last modified:July 5, 2004 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i45364D32C0077F8E
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY034383 mRNA Translation: AAK57536.1
BC061874 mRNA Translation: AAH61874.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_542428.1, NM_080697.2
XP_006247139.1, XM_006247077.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000012279; ENSRNOP00000012279; ENSRNOG00000008921

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
140734

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:140734

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY034383 mRNA Translation: AAK57536.1
BC061874 mRNA Translation: AAH61874.1
RefSeqiNP_542428.1, NM_080697.2
XP_006247139.1, XM_006247077.3

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1PWJNMR-A1-89[»]
1PWKNMR-A1-89[»]
SMRiQ78P75
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi250846, 2 interactors
IntActiQ78P75, 1 interactor
MINTiQ78P75
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000012279

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ78P75
PhosphoSitePlusiQ78P75
SwissPalmiQ78P75

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiQ78P75
PaxDbiQ78P75
PRIDEiQ78P75

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000012279; ENSRNOP00000012279; ENSRNOG00000008921
GeneIDi140734
KEGGirno:140734

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
140735
RGDi619860 Dynll2

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3430 Eukaryota
ENOG4111NK2 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000000378
InParanoidiQ78P75
KOiK10418
OMAiHIKKTFD
OrthoDBi1520814at2759
PhylomeDBiQ78P75
TreeFamiTF300264

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-139910 Activation of BMF and translocation to mitochondria
R-RNO-141444 Amplification of signal from unattached kinetochores via a MAD2 inhibitory signal
R-RNO-1632852 Macroautophagy
R-RNO-2132295 MHC class II antigen presentation
R-RNO-2467813 Separation of Sister Chromatids
R-RNO-2500257 Resolution of Sister Chromatid Cohesion
R-RNO-3371497 HSP90 chaperone cycle for steroid hormone receptors (SHR)
R-RNO-5620924 Intraflagellar transport
R-RNO-5663220 RHO GTPases Activate Formins
R-RNO-6807878 COPI-mediated anterograde transport
R-RNO-6811436 COPI-independent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic
R-RNO-68877 Mitotic Prometaphase

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiQ78P75

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q78P75

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000008921 Expressed in 10 organ(s), highest expression level in brain
GenevisibleiQ78P75 RN

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.740.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR037177 DLC_sf
IPR019763 Dynein_light_1/2_CS
IPR001372 Dynein_light_chain_typ-1/2
PANTHERiPTHR11886 PTHR11886, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01221 Dynein_light, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01375 Dynein_light, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF54648 SSF54648, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01239 DYNEIN_LIGHT_1, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiDYL2_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q78P75
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 21, 2004
Last sequence update: July 5, 2004
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 127 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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