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Entry version 98 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (05 Jul 2004)
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Protein

4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase

Gene

hpd

Organism
Dictyostelium discoideum (Slime mold)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Key enzyme in the degradation of tyrosine.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Fe cationBy similarityNote: Binds 1 Fe cation per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-phenylalanine degradation

This protein is involved in step 3 of the subpathway that synthesizes acetoacetate and fumarate from L-phenylalanine.
Proteins known to be involved in the 6 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Phenylalanine-4-hydroxylase (pah)
  2. Tyrosine aminotransferase (tat)
  3. 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (hpd)
  4. Homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase (hgd)
  5. Maleylacetoacetate isomerase (mai)
  6. Fumarylacetoacetase (fah)
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-phenylalanine degradation, which is itself part of Amino-acid degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes acetoacetate and fumarate from L-phenylalanine, the pathway L-phenylalanine degradation and in Amino-acid degradation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi169IronBy similarity1
Metal bindingi252IronBy similarity1
Metal bindingi335IronBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDioxygenase, Oxidoreductase
Biological processPhenylalanine catabolism, Tyrosine catabolism
LigandIron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-DDI-8963684 Tyrosine catabolism

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00139;UER00362

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (EC:1.13.11.27)
Alternative name(s):
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid oxidase
Short name:
4HPPD
Short name:
HPD
Short name:
HPPDase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:hpd
ORF Names:DDB_G0277511
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDictyostelium discoideum (Slime mold)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri44689 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaAmoebozoaEvoseaEumycetozoaDictyostelidsDictyostelialesDictyosteliaceaeDictyostelium
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002195 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componentsi: Chromosome 2, Unassembled WGS sequence

Organism-specific databases

Dictyostelium discoideum online informatics resource

More...
dictyBasei
DDB_G0277511 hpd

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003279961 – 3674-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenaseAdd BLAST367

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q76NV5

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q76NV5

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
44689.DDB0231603

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q76NV5

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini3 – 135VOC 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST133
Domaini166 – 324VOC 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST159

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the 4HPPD family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0638 Eukaryota
COG3185 LUCA

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q76NV5

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00457

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
MVGNVGW

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q76NV5

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd07250 HPPD_C_like, 1 hit
cd08342 HPPD_N_like, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.10.180.10, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR005956 4OHPhenylPyrv_dOase
IPR041735 4OHPhenylPyrv_dOase_C
IPR041736 4OHPhenylPyrv_dOase_N
IPR029068 Glyas_Bleomycin-R_OHBP_Dase
IPR004360 Glyas_Fos-R_dOase_dom
IPR037523 VOC

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11959 PTHR11959, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00903 Glyoxalase, 2 hits

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF009283 HPP_dOase, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF54593 SSF54593, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01263 4HPPD, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51819 VOC, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket
Isoform 1 (identifier: Q76NV5-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MEGFDHVTFW VGNALQAATY YIARFGFQNL AYSGLETGNR QFATHVIHQN
60 70 80 90 100
NIIMAFTSPL TGDNKDYADH MMRHGDGVKD IAFNVKDVQH IYDEAVKAGA
110 120 130 140 150
QSVKEPHQIK DEHGIVTLAT IMSPYGETTH TFVDRSQYKG AFLPGFTYKV
160 170 180 190 200
ASDPLSNITE PVGLNLIDHV VSNHADKMME PVVQWYEKVL QFHRFWSVDD
210 220 230 240 250
KTIHTEYSSL RSVVVADKSE KVKLPINEPA NGIRKSQIQE YVDFYNGAGV
260 270 280 290 300
QHIALKTDNI IDAISKLRSR GVSFLTVPKT YYTSLREKLQ HSSLEIKEDL
310 320 330 340 350
DTLEKLHILI DYDDKGYLLQ IFTNNVEDKP TVFFEIIQRN NHDGFGAGNF
360
KSLFEAIERQ QETRGNL
Length:367
Mass (Da):41,738
Last modified:July 5, 2004 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iEC5A1D87AB196355
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: Q76NV5-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     1-1: M → MEM

Show »
Length:369
Mass (Da):41,998
Checksum:iDCF4609BD8926DF9
GO

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_0327431M → MEM in isoform 2. Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AAFI02000020 Genomic DNA Translation: EAL68718.1
AAFI02000020 Genomic DNA Translation: EAS66903.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
XP_001134587.1, XM_001134587.1
XP_642615.1, XM_637523.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl protists genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblProtistsi
EAL68718; EAL68718; DDB_G0277511
EAS66903; EAS66903; DDB_G0277511

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
8621032

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ddi:DDB_G0277511

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AAFI02000020 Genomic DNA Translation: EAL68718.1
AAFI02000020 Genomic DNA Translation: EAS66903.1
RefSeqiXP_001134587.1, XM_001134587.1
XP_642615.1, XM_637523.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ76NV5
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi44689.DDB0231603

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ76NV5
PRIDEiQ76NV5

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblProtistsiEAL68718; EAL68718; DDB_G0277511
EAS66903; EAS66903; DDB_G0277511
GeneIDi8621032
KEGGiddi:DDB_G0277511

Organism-specific databases

dictyBaseiDDB_G0277511 hpd

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0638 Eukaryota
COG3185 LUCA
InParanoidiQ76NV5
KOiK00457
OMAiMVGNVGW
PhylomeDBiQ76NV5

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00139;UER00362
ReactomeiR-DDI-8963684 Tyrosine catabolism

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q76NV5

Family and domain databases

CDDicd07250 HPPD_C_like, 1 hit
cd08342 HPPD_N_like, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.10.180.10, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR005956 4OHPhenylPyrv_dOase
IPR041735 4OHPhenylPyrv_dOase_C
IPR041736 4OHPhenylPyrv_dOase_N
IPR029068 Glyas_Bleomycin-R_OHBP_Dase
IPR004360 Glyas_Fos-R_dOase_dom
IPR037523 VOC
PANTHERiPTHR11959 PTHR11959, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00903 Glyoxalase, 2 hits
PIRSFiPIRSF009283 HPP_dOase, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF54593 SSF54593, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01263 4HPPD, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51819 VOC, 2 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiHPPD_DICDI
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q76NV5
Secondary accession number(s): Q1ZXJ9, Q54ZM7
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 8, 2008
Last sequence update: July 5, 2004
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 98 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Dictyostelium discoideum
    Dictyostelium discoideum: entries, gene names and cross-references to dictyBase
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