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Entry version 175 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 3 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Histone H3.2

Gene

HIST2H3A

more
Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.

Caution

The original paper reporting lysine deamination at Lys-5 by LOXL2 has been retracted due to inappropriate manipulation of figure data (PubMed:22483618, PubMed:27392148). However, this modification was confirmed in a subsequent publication (PubMed:27735137).2 Publications1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

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Reactomei
R-HSA-1266695 Interleukin-7 signaling
R-HSA-1912408 Pre-NOTCH Transcription and Translation
R-HSA-201722 Formation of the beta-catenin:TCF transactivating complex
R-HSA-212300 PRC2 methylates histones and DNA
R-HSA-2299718 Condensation of Prophase Chromosomes
R-HSA-2559580 Oxidative Stress Induced Senescence
R-HSA-2559582 Senescence-Associated Secretory Phenotype (SASP)
R-HSA-3214815 HDACs deacetylate histones
R-HSA-3214841 PKMTs methylate histone lysines
R-HSA-3214842 HDMs demethylate histones
R-HSA-3214847 HATs acetylate histones
R-HSA-3214858 RMTs methylate histone arginines
R-HSA-3247509 Chromatin modifying enzymes
R-HSA-427359 SIRT1 negatively regulates rRNA expression
R-HSA-427389 ERCC6 (CSB) and EHMT2 (G9a) positively regulate rRNA expression
R-HSA-427413 NoRC negatively regulates rRNA expression
R-HSA-5250924 B-WICH complex positively regulates rRNA expression
R-HSA-5334118 DNA methylation
R-HSA-5578749 Transcriptional regulation by small RNAs
R-HSA-5617472 Activation of anterior HOX genes in hindbrain development during early embryogenesis
R-HSA-5625886 Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3
R-HSA-73728 RNA Polymerase I Promoter Opening
R-HSA-73772 RNA Polymerase I Promoter Escape
R-HSA-8936459 RUNX1 regulates genes involved in megakaryocyte differentiation and platelet function
R-HSA-8939236 RUNX1 regulates transcription of genes involved in differentiation of HSCs
R-HSA-9018519 Estrogen-dependent gene expression
R-HSA-912446 Meiotic recombination
R-HSA-9616222 Transcriptional regulation of granulopoiesis
R-HSA-977225 Amyloid fiber formation
R-HSA-983231 Factors involved in megakaryocyte development and platelet production

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Histone H3.2
Alternative name(s):
Histone H3/m
Histone H3/o
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
AND
Name:HIST2H3C
Synonyms:H3F2, H3FM
AND
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

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HGNCi
HGNC:20505 HIST2H3A
HGNC:20503 HIST2H3C
HGNC:25311 HIST2H3D

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

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MIMi
142780 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

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neXtProti
NX_Q71DI3

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Chromosome, Nucleosome core, Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi111C → A: Abolishes S-palmitoylation. 1 Publication1

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

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DisGeNETi
126961
333932

Open Targets

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OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000183598
ENSG00000203811

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

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PharmGKBi
PA145148728

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

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BioMutai
HIST2H3C

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

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DMDMi
74758899

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002503571 – 136Histone H3.2Add BLAST136

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei3Asymmetric dimethylarginine; by PRMT6; alternate3 Publications1
Modified residuei3Citrulline; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei4Phosphothreonine; by HASPIN2 Publications1
Modified residuei5Allysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei5N6,N6,N6-trimethyllysine; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei5N6,N6-dimethyllysine; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei5N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei5N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei5N6-acetyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei5N6-crotonyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei5N6-methyllysine; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei7Phosphothreonine; by PKC1 Publication1
Modified residuei9Citrulline; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei9Symmetric dimethylarginine; by PRMT5; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei10N6,N6,N6-trimethyllysine; alternate4 Publications1
Modified residuei10N6,N6-dimethyllysine; alternate4 Publications1
Modified residuei10N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei10N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei10N6-acetyllysine; alternate5 Publications1
Modified residuei10N6-butyryllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei10N6-crotonyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei10N6-methyllysine; alternate4 Publications1
Modified residuei11ADP-ribosylserine; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei11Phosphoserine; alternate; by AURKB, AURKC, RPS6KA3, RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA55 Publications1
Modified residuei12Phosphothreonine; by PKC2 Publications1
Modified residuei15N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei15N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei15N6-acetyllysine; alternate5 Publications1
Modified residuei15N6-succinyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei18Asymmetric dimethylarginine; by CARM1; alternate3 Publications1
Modified residuei18Citrulline; alternate3 Publications1
Modified residuei19N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei19N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei19N6-acetyllysine; alternate3 Publications1
Modified residuei19N6-butyryllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei19N6-crotonyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei19N6-methyllysine; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei24N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei24N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei24N6-acetyllysine; alternate3 Publications1
Modified residuei24N6-butyryllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei24N6-crotonyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei24N6-methyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei27Citrulline1 Publication1
Modified residuei28N6,N6,N6-trimethyllysine; alternate4 Publications1
Modified residuei28N6,N6-dimethyllysine; alternate4 Publications1
Modified residuei28N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei28N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei28N6-acetyllysine; alternate3 Publications1
Modified residuei28N6-crotonyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei28N6-methyllysine; alternate4 Publications1
Modified residuei29ADP-ribosylserine; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei29Phosphoserine; alternate; by AURKB, AURKC and RPS6KA55 Publications1
Modified residuei37N6,N6,N6-trimethyllysine; alternate4 Publications1
Modified residuei37N6,N6-dimethyllysine; alternate4 Publications1
Modified residuei37N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei37N6-acetyllysine; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei37N6-methyllysine; alternate4 Publications1
Modified residuei38N6-methyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei42Phosphotyrosine1 Publication1
Modified residuei57N6,N6,N6-trimethyllysine; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei57N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei57N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei57N6-acetyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei57N6-crotonyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei57N6-methyllysine; by EHMT2; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei57N6-succinyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei58Phosphoserine1 Publication1
Modified residuei65N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei65N6-methyllysine; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei80N6,N6,N6-trimethyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei80N6,N6-dimethyllysine; alternate4 Publications1
Modified residuei80N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei80N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei80N6-acetyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei80N6-methyllysine; alternate4 Publications1
Modified residuei80N6-succinyllysine; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei81Phosphothreonine1 Publication1
Modified residuei87PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei108PhosphothreonineCombined sources1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position(s) and the type of covalently attached lipid group(s).<p><a href='/help/lipid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Lipidationi111S-palmitoyl cysteine1 Publication1
Modified residuei116N6-acetyllysine1 Publication1
Modified residuei123N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei123N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei123N6-acetyllysine; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei123N6-methyllysine; alternate2 Publications1
Modified residuei123N6-succinyllysine; alternate1 Publication1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Acetylation is generally linked to gene activation. Acetylation on Lys-10 (H3K9ac) impairs methylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s). Acetylation on Lys-19 (H3K18ac) and Lys-24 (H3K24ac) favors methylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me). Acetylation at Lys-123 (H3K122ac) by EP300/p300 plays a central role in chromatin structure: localizes at the surface of the histone octamer and stimulates transcription, possibly by promoting nucleosome instability.10 Publications
Citrullination at Arg-9 (H3R8ci) and/or Arg-18 (H3R17ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation and represses transcription.4 Publications
Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me2a) by CARM1 is linked to gene activation. Symmetric dimethylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s) by PRMT5 is linked to gene repression. Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-3 (H3R2me2a) by PRMT6 is linked to gene repression and is mutually exclusive with H3 Lys-5 methylation (H3K4me2 and H3K4me3). H3R2me2a is present at the 3' of genes regardless of their transcription state and is enriched on inactive promoters, while it is absent on active promoters.8 Publications
Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me), Lys-37 (H3K36me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) are linked to gene activation. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) facilitates subsequent acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-80 (H3K79me) is associated with DNA double-strand break (DSB) responses and is a specific target for TP53BP1. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are linked to gene repression. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) is a specific target for HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) and prevents subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) and Lys-80 (H3K79me) require preliminary monoubiquitination of H2B at 'Lys-120'. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin. Monomethylation at Lys-57 (H3K56me1) by EHMT2/G9A in G1 phase promotes interaction with PCNA and is required for DNA replication.13 Publications
Phosphorylated at Thr-4 (H3T3ph) by HASPIN during prophase and dephosphorylated during anaphase. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB is crucial for chromosome condensation and cell-cycle progression during mitosis and meiosis. In addition phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or UV irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph), which is linked to gene activation, prevents methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) but facilitates acetylation of H3 and H4. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB mediates the dissociation of HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) from heterochromatin. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) is also an essential regulatory mechanism for neoplastic cell transformation. Phosphorylated at Ser-29 (H3S28ph) by MAP3K20 isoform 1, RPS6KA5 or AURKB during mitosis or upon ultraviolet B irradiation. Phosphorylation at Thr-7 (H3T6ph) by PRKCB is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that prevents demethylation of Lys-5 (H3K4me) by LSD1/KDM1A. At centromeres, specifically phosphorylated at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) from prophase to early anaphase, by DAPK3 and PKN1. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by PKN1 is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that promotes demethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me) by KDM4C/JMJD2C. Phosphorylation at Tyr-42 (H3Y41ph) by JAK2 promotes exclusion of CBX5 (HP1 alpha) from chromatin.14 Publications
Monoubiquitinated by RAG1 in lymphoid cells, monoubiquitination is required for V(D)J recombination. Ubiquitinated by the CUL4-DDB-RBX1 complex in response to ultraviolet irradiation. This may weaken the interaction between histones and DNA and facilitate DNA accessibility to repair proteins.1 Publication
Lysine deamination at Lys-5 (H3K4all) to form allysine is mediated by LOXL2. Allysine formation by LOXL2 only takes place on H3K4me3 and results in gene repression.1 Publication
Crotonylation (Kcr) is specifically present in male germ cells and marks testis-specific genes in post-meiotic cells, including X-linked genes that escape sex chromosome inactivation in haploid cells. Crotonylation marks active promoters and enhancers and confers resistance to transcriptional repressors. It is also associated with post-meiotically activated genes on autosomes.1 Publication
Butyrylation of histones marks active promoters and competes with histone acetylation. It is present during late spermatogenesis.By similarity
Succinylation at Lys-80 (H3K79succ) by KAT2A takes place with a maximum frequency around the transcription start sites of genes (PubMed:29211711). It gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcription activation (PubMed:29211711).1 Publication
Serine ADP-ribosylation constitutes the primary form of ADP-ribosylation of proteins in response to DNA damage (PubMed:29480802). Serine ADP-ribosylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ADPr) is mutually exclusive with phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and impairs acetylation at Lys-10 (H3K9ac) (PubMed:30257210).2 Publications

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, ADP-ribosylation, Citrullination, Hydroxylation, Lipoprotein, Methylation, Palmitate, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

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EPDi
Q71DI3

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

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jPOSTi
Q71DI3

MassIVE - Mass Spectrometry Interactive Virtual Environment

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MassIVEi
Q71DI3

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

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MaxQBi
Q71DI3

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

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PaxDbi
Q71DI3

PeptideAtlas

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PeptideAtlasi
Q71DI3

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

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PRIDEi
Q71DI3

ProteomicsDB human proteome resource

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ProteomicsDBi
68597

Consortium for Top Down Proteomics

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TopDownProteomicsi
Q71DI3

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

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iPTMneti
Q71DI3

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

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PhosphoSitePlusi
Q71DI3

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

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SwissPalmi
Q71DI3

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at the protein level’.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Expressed during S phase, then expression strongly decreases as cell division slows down during the process of differentiation.

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

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Bgeei
ENSG00000183598 Expressed in 83 organ(s), highest expression level in kidney

Organism-specific databases

Human Protein Atlas

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HPAi
CAB069990
HPA042570

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA. During nucleosome assembly the chaperone ASF1A interacts with the histone H3-H4 heterodimer.

1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

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BioGridi
126025, 102 interactors
130616, 67 interactors
575920, 20 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

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DIPi
DIP-48606N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
Q71DI3, 77 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

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MINTi
Q71DI3

STRING: functional protein association networks

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STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000385479

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1136
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
Q71DI3

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

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EvolutionaryTracei
Q71DI3

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the histone H3 family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

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eggNOGi
KOG1745 Eukaryota
COG2036 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

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GeneTreei
ENSGT00960000186578

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

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HOGENOMi
HOG000155290

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
Q71DI3

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K11253

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
CQILANH

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
1564596at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

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PhylomeDBi
Q71DI3

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

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TreeFami
TF314241

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

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Gene3Di
1.10.20.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR009072 Histone-fold
IPR007125 Histone_H2A/H2B/H3
IPR000164 Histone_H3/CENP-A

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11426 PTHR11426, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00125 Histone, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

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PRINTSi
PR00622 HISTONEH3

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00428 H3, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47113 SSF47113, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00322 HISTONE_H3_1, 1 hit
PS00959 HISTONE_H3_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q71DI3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MARTKQTARK STGGKAPRKQ LATKAARKSA PATGGVKKPH RYRPGTVALR
60 70 80 90 100
EIRRYQKSTE LLIRKLPFQR LVREIAQDFK TDLRFQSSAV MALQEASEAY
110 120 130
LVGLFEDTNL CAIHAKRVTI MPKDIQLARR IRGERA
Length:136
Mass (Da):15,388
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i6FD8508EA50A0EEC
GO

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural variantiVAR_05931391M → T. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs2664732Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_059314128A → V. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs2664731Ensembl.1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF531305 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AF531307 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN39283.1
AY648851 Genomic DNA Translation: AAT68254.1
AL591493 Genomic DNA Translation: CAI12559.1
AL591493 Genomic DNA Translation: CAI12561.1
AL591493 Genomic DNA Translation: CAI12566.1
BC074969 mRNA Translation: AAH74969.2
BC130635 mRNA Translation: AAI30636.1
BC130637 mRNA Translation: AAI30638.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS30848.1
CCDS30850.1
CCDS41388.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001005464.1, NM_001005464.2
NP_001116847.1, NM_001123375.2
NP_066403.2, NM_021059.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000331491; ENSP00000333277; ENSG00000183598
ENST00000369158; ENSP00000358154; ENSG00000203811
ENST00000403683; ENSP00000385479; ENSG00000203852

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
126961
333932
653604

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

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KEGGi
hsa:126961
hsa:333932
hsa:653604

UCSC genome browser

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UCSCi
uc001esv.4 human

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF531305 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AF531307 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN39283.1
AY648851 Genomic DNA Translation: AAT68254.1
AL591493 Genomic DNA Translation: CAI12559.1
AL591493 Genomic DNA Translation: CAI12561.1
AL591493 Genomic DNA Translation: CAI12566.1
BC074969 mRNA Translation: AAH74969.2
BC130635 mRNA Translation: AAI30636.1
BC130637 mRNA Translation: AAI30638.1
CCDSiCCDS30848.1
CCDS30850.1
CCDS41388.1
RefSeqiNP_001005464.1, NM_001005464.2
NP_001116847.1, NM_001123375.2
NP_066403.2, NM_021059.2

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

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RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
2IIJNMR-B121-136[»]
2X4WX-ray1.50B23-43[»]
2X4XX-ray1.85B/D/F/H23-43[»]
2X4YX-ray1.70B/D/F/H/J/L/N/P23-43[»]
3AV1X-ray2.50A/E1-136[»]
3DB3X-ray2.40B7-12[»]
3MO8X-ray1.69B31-42[»]
3QO2X-ray2.49P/Q/R/S2-16[»]
3R93X-ray2.06E/F/G/H2-16[»]
4MZFX-ray2.10A2-8[»]
4MZGX-ray1.70A/C2-21[»]
4MZHX-ray2.20B2-10[»]
4OUCX-ray1.90B2-12[»]
5B0YX-ray2.56A/E1-136[»]
5B0ZX-ray1.99A/E1-136[»]
5B40X-ray3.33A/E1-136[»]
5BO0X-ray2.91A57-136[»]
5CIUX-ray2.24C/D29-43[»]
5VACX-ray1.95C19-37[»]
6FMLelectron microscopy4.34M/Q2-136[»]
SMRiQ71DI3
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi126025, 102 interactors
130616, 67 interactors
575920, 20 interactors
DIPiDIP-48606N
IntActiQ71DI3, 77 interactors
MINTiQ71DI3
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000385479

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ71DI3
PhosphoSitePlusiQ71DI3
SwissPalmiQ71DI3

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiHIST2H3C
DMDMi74758899

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ71DI3
jPOSTiQ71DI3
MassIVEiQ71DI3
MaxQBiQ71DI3
PaxDbiQ71DI3
PeptideAtlasiQ71DI3
PRIDEiQ71DI3
ProteomicsDBi68597
TopDownProteomicsiQ71DI3

Protocols and materials databases

The DNASU plasmid repository

More...
DNASUi
126961
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000331491; ENSP00000333277; ENSG00000183598
ENST00000369158; ENSP00000358154; ENSG00000203811
ENST00000403683; ENSP00000385479; ENSG00000203852
GeneIDi126961
333932
653604
KEGGihsa:126961
hsa:333932
hsa:653604
UCSCiuc001esv.4 human

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
126961
333932
653604
DisGeNETi126961
333932

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
HIST2H3A
HIST2H3C
HIST2H3D
HGNCiHGNC:20505 HIST2H3A
HGNC:20503 HIST2H3C
HGNC:25311 HIST2H3D
HPAiCAB069990
HPA042570
MIMi142780 gene
neXtProtiNX_Q71DI3
OpenTargetsiENSG00000183598
ENSG00000203811
PharmGKBiPA145148728

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1745 Eukaryota
COG2036 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00960000186578
HOGENOMiHOG000155290
InParanoidiQ71DI3
KOiK11253
OMAiCQILANH
OrthoDBi1564596at2759
PhylomeDBiQ71DI3
TreeFamiTF314241

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-1266695 Interleukin-7 signaling
R-HSA-1912408 Pre-NOTCH Transcription and Translation
R-HSA-201722 Formation of the beta-catenin:TCF transactivating complex
R-HSA-212300 PRC2 methylates histones and DNA
R-HSA-2299718 Condensation of Prophase Chromosomes
R-HSA-2559580 Oxidative Stress Induced Senescence
R-HSA-2559582 Senescence-Associated Secretory Phenotype (SASP)
R-HSA-3214815 HDACs deacetylate histones
R-HSA-3214841 PKMTs methylate histone lysines
R-HSA-3214842 HDMs demethylate histones
R-HSA-3214847 HATs acetylate histones
R-HSA-3214858 RMTs methylate histone arginines
R-HSA-3247509 Chromatin modifying enzymes
R-HSA-427359 SIRT1 negatively regulates rRNA expression
R-HSA-427389 ERCC6 (CSB) and EHMT2 (G9a) positively regulate rRNA expression
R-HSA-427413 NoRC negatively regulates rRNA expression
R-HSA-5250924 B-WICH complex positively regulates rRNA expression
R-HSA-5334118 DNA methylation
R-HSA-5578749 Transcriptional regulation by small RNAs
R-HSA-5617472 Activation of anterior HOX genes in hindbrain development during early embryogenesis
R-HSA-5625886 Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3
R-HSA-73728 RNA Polymerase I Promoter Opening
R-HSA-73772 RNA Polymerase I Promoter Escape
R-HSA-8936459 RUNX1 regulates genes involved in megakaryocyte differentiation and platelet function
R-HSA-8939236 RUNX1 regulates transcription of genes involved in differentiation of HSCs
R-HSA-9018519 Estrogen-dependent gene expression
R-HSA-912446 Meiotic recombination
R-HSA-9616222 Transcriptional regulation of granulopoiesis
R-HSA-977225 Amyloid fiber formation
R-HSA-983231 Factors involved in megakaryocyte development and platelet production

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
HIST2H3C human
EvolutionaryTraceiQ71DI3

The Gene Wiki collection of pages on human genes and proteins

More...
GeneWikii
HIST2H3C

Pharos

More...
Pharosi
Q71DI3

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q71DI3

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000183598 Expressed in 83 organ(s), highest expression level in kidney

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.20.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009072 Histone-fold
IPR007125 Histone_H2A/H2B/H3
IPR000164 Histone_H3/CENP-A
PANTHERiPTHR11426 PTHR11426, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00125 Histone, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00622 HISTONEH3
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00428 H3, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47113 SSF47113, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00322 HISTONE_H3_1, 1 hit
PS00959 HISTONE_H3_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiH32_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q71DI3
Secondary accession number(s): A2BDF6, A6NFS4, Q6B053
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 19, 2006
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 175 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Human chromosome 1
    Human chromosome 1: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  4. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  5. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  6. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
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