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Entry version 75 (23 Feb 2022)
Sequence version 1 (05 Jul 2004)
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Protein

Valencene synthase

Gene

ValCS

Organism
Vitis vinifera (Grape)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the biosynthesis of valencene, a major volatile emitted from flowers of grapevine. Can use farnesyl diphosphate as substrate, but not geranyl diphosphate or geranylgeranyl diphosphate. Produces mainly (+)-valencene and (-)-7-epi-alpha-selinene along with five minor products.

2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+By similarityNote: Binds 3 Mg2+ ions per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: terpenoid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway terpenoid biosynthesis, which is part of Secondary metabolite biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway terpenoid biosynthesis and in Secondary metabolite biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi310Magnesium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi310Magnesium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi314Magnesium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi314Magnesium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi462Magnesium 3By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase
LigandMagnesium, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
4.2.3.73, 6671
4.2.3.86, 6671

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00213

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Valencene synthase (EC:4.2.3.732 Publications)
Short name:
VvVal
Alternative name(s):
7-epi-alpha-selinene synthase (EC:4.2.3.862 Publications)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ValCS
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiVitis vinifera (Grape)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri29760 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsVitalesVitaceaeViteaeVitis

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004122531 – 556Valencene synthaseAdd BLAST556

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q6Q3H2

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in flowers and anthers. Detected inside the pollen grains, but not in stems, leaves, tendrils, roots, seeds, pistils or caps.2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at the protein level'.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Expressed at prebloom in flower buds but barely detectable after anthesis and in early stages of fruit onset. Detected again two months after flowering, then increases and reaches a maximum when the fruit is at peak maturity. Also expressed in very young seeds.2 Publications

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q6Q3H2, baseline

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q6Q3H2

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 24DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST24

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi310 – 314DDXXD motif5

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular type of amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi1 – 16Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST16

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The Asp-Asp-Xaa-Xaa-Asp/Glu (DDXXD/E) motif is important for the catalytic activity, presumably through binding to Mg2+.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the terpene synthase family. Tpsa subfamily.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
CIAPTEQ

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
360509at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00684, Terpene_cyclase_plant_C1, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.600.10, 1 hit
1.50.10.130, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR008949, Isoprenoid_synthase_dom_sf
IPR034741, Terpene_cyclase-like_1_C
IPR044814, Terpene_cyclase_plant_C1
IPR001906, Terpene_synth_N
IPR036965, Terpene_synth_N_sf
IPR005630, Terpene_synthase_metal-bd
IPR008930, Terpenoid_cyclase/PrenylTrfase

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01397, Terpene_synth, 1 hit
PF03936, Terpene_synth_C, 1 hit

Structure-Function Linkage Database

More...
SFLDi
SFLDG01019, Terpene_Cyclase_Like_1_C_Termi, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48239, SSF48239, 1 hit
SSF48576, SSF48576, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q6Q3H2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSTQVSASSL AQIPQPKNRP VANFHPNIWG DQFITYTPED KVTRACKEEQ
60 70 80 90 100
IEDLKKEVKR KLTAAAVANP SQLLNFIDAV QRLGVAYHFE QEIEEALQHI
110 120 130 140 150
CNSFHDCNDM DGDLYNIALG FRLLRQQGYT ISCDIFNKFT DERGRFKEAL
160 170 180 190 200
ISDVRGMLGL YEAAHLRVHG EDILAKALAF TTTHLKAMVE SLGYHLAEQV
210 220 230 240 250
AHALNRPIRK GLERLEARWY ISVYQDEAFH DKTLLELAKL DFNLVQSLHK
260 270 280 290 300
EELSNLARWW KELDFATKLP FARDRLVEGY FWMHGVYFEP QYLRGRRILT
310 320 330 340 350
KVIAMTSILD DIHDAYGTPE ELKLFIEAIE RWDINSINQL PEYMKLCYVA
360 370 380 390 400
LLDVYKEIEE EMEKEGNQYR VHYAKEVMKN QVRAYFAEAK WLHEEHVPAF
410 420 430 440 450
EEYMRVALAS SGYCLLATTS FVGMGEIATK EAFDWVTSDP KIMSSSNFIT
460 470 480 490 500
RLMDDIKSHK FEQKRGHVTS AVECYMKQYG VSEEQVYSEF QKQIENAWLD
510 520 530 540 550
INQECLKPTA VSMPLLARLL NFTRTMDVIY KEQDSYTHVG KVMRDNIASV

FINAVI
Length:556
Mass (Da):64,432
Last modified:July 5, 2004 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA669761AE73F8454
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti469T → A in ACO36239 (PubMed:19359488).Curated1
Sequence conflicti522F → L in ACO36239 (PubMed:19359488).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY561843 mRNA Translation: AAS66358.1
FJ696653 mRNA Translation: ACO36239.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001268215.1, NM_001281286.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
100232955

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
vvi:100232955

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY561843 mRNA Translation: AAS66358.1
FJ696653 mRNA Translation: ACO36239.1
RefSeqiNP_001268215.1, NM_001281286.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ6Q3H2
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ6Q3H2

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi100232955
KEGGivvi:100232955

Phylogenomic databases

OMAiCIAPTEQ
OrthoDBi360509at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00213
BRENDAi4.2.3.73, 6671
4.2.3.86, 6671

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ6Q3H2, baseline

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00684, Terpene_cyclase_plant_C1, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.600.10, 1 hit
1.50.10.130, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR008949, Isoprenoid_synthase_dom_sf
IPR034741, Terpene_cyclase-like_1_C
IPR044814, Terpene_cyclase_plant_C1
IPR001906, Terpene_synth_N
IPR036965, Terpene_synth_N_sf
IPR005630, Terpene_synthase_metal-bd
IPR008930, Terpenoid_cyclase/PrenylTrfase
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01397, Terpene_synth, 1 hit
PF03936, Terpene_synth_C, 1 hit
SFLDiSFLDG01019, Terpene_Cyclase_Like_1_C_Termi, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48239, SSF48239, 1 hit
SSF48576, SSF48576, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTPSVS_VITVI
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q6Q3H2
Secondary accession number(s): C1JXK7
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 21, 2011
Last sequence update: July 5, 2004
Last modified: February 23, 2022
This is version 75 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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