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Entry version 128 (13 Nov 2019)
Sequence version 1 (05 Jul 2004)
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Protein

Thioredoxin domain-containing protein 2

Gene

Txndc2

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Probably plays a regulatory role in sperm development. May participate in regulation of fibrous sheath (FS) assembly by supporting the formation of disulfide bonds during sperm tail morphogenesis. May also be required to rectify incorrect disulfide pairing and generate suitable pairs between the FS constituents. Can reduce disulfide bonds in vitro in the presence of NADP and thioredoxin reductase.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDevelopmental protein
Biological processDifferentiation, Spermatogenesis

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Thioredoxin domain-containing protein 2
Alternative name(s):
Spermatid-specific thioredoxin-1
Short name:
Sptrx-1
Thioredoxin-4
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Txndc2
Synonyms:Sptrx, Sptrx1, Trx4
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000589 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Mouse genome database (MGD) from Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI)

More...
MGIi
MGI:2389312 Txndc2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001201541 – 515Thioredoxin domain-containing protein 2Add BLAST515

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei14PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei39PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei146PhosphoserineBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi442 ↔ 445Redox-activePROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q6P902

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q6P902

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q6P902

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q6P902

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Testis-specific. Strongly expressed in the testicular seminiferous tubules, mostly in the round spermatids.2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at the protein level’.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Expressed during spermiogenesis, restricted to the postmeiotic phase of spermatogenesis. First detected in elongating spermatids tails during steps 9 and 10 and is prominent in this region during steps 11-16. Also weakly present in the cytoplasmic lobe of these spermatids. During the last steps of spermiogenesis (steps 17-19), it strongly diminishes in the tail but appears to increase or become concentrated in the shrinking cytoplasmic lobe. By the last step of spermiogenesis (late step 19), cytoplasmic localization is barely detectable in the resulting residual body but still detectable in the cytoplasmic droplet (at protein level). Detected in testis of pre-pubertal animals at very low level.2 Publications

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10090.ENSMUSP00000054909

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q6P902

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section indicates the positions and types of repeated sequence motifs or repeated domains within the protein.<p><a href='/help/repeat' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Repeati92 – 1061Add BLAST15
Repeati107 – 1212Add BLAST15
Repeati122 – 1363Add BLAST15
Repeati137 – 1514Add BLAST15
Repeati152 – 1665Add BLAST15
Repeati167 – 1816Add BLAST15
Repeati182 – 1967Add BLAST15
Repeati197 – 2118Add BLAST15
Repeati212 – 2269Add BLAST15
Repeati227 – 24110Add BLAST15
Repeati242 – 25611Add BLAST15
Repeati257 – 27112Add BLAST15
Repeati272 – 28613Add BLAST15
Repeati287 – 30114Add BLAST15
Repeati302 – 31615Add BLAST15
Repeati317 – 33116Add BLAST15
Repeati332 – 34617Add BLAST15
Repeati347 – 36218Add BLAST16
Repeati363 – 37519Add BLAST13
Repeati376 – 39020Add BLAST15
Repeati391 – 40521Add BLAST15
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini398 – 515ThioredoxinPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST118

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni92 – 40521 X 15 AA approximate tandem repeat of Q-P-K-X-G-D-I-P-K-S-[PS]-E-[KE]-X-IAdd BLAST314

Keywords - Domaini

Redox-active center, Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0907 Eukaryota
COG0526 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000154719

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q6P902

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1482186at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q6P902

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.30.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR036249 Thioredoxin-like_sf
IPR013766 Thioredoxin_domain

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00085 Thioredoxin, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52833 SSF52833, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51352 THIOREDOXIN_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 2 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q6P902-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTLNNGGKAN ERGSNENPLQ ALSKNEAFLV PEFLDTAQSK EKAIASKVSN
60 70 80 90 100
TLHMSTEESE FPQQVSSTPM FSENTVHPRH EVSPKPSSKN TQLKQENISK
110 120 130 140 150
SSGYSKQTNY SNTPKSLAKT THPKQGSTLK PATNSTHYRE DDIPKSSEDI
160 170 180 190 200
IQPKKGDRPK SSEDIIQSKK EDRPKSSEDI IQSKKEDRPK SSEDIIQSKK
210 220 230 240 250
EDRPKSSEDI IQSKKEDRPK SSEDIIQPKK EDRPKSSEDS VPSKKGDRPK
260 270 280 290 300
SSEDSVQPKK EDRPKSSEDS VQSKEGEVHK PLKDSIQSKE TKVPKSPQDS
310 320 330 340 350
IQSKEDKTHR PLKDSVQSKE SEEPKSSHES IQSKEDKIHK PLKDSIPSKE
360 370 380 390 400
GDIPKSPEDT IQSQEEITAS EEDTIQSQEG NTIKSSEEDV QLSESKLLGL
410 420 430 440 450
GAEIETLEEG LVRVIKDKEE FEEVLKDAGE KLVAVDFSAA WCGPCRMMKP
460 470 480 490 500
LFHSLSLKHE DVIFLEVDTE DCEQLVQDCE IFHLPTFQFY KNEEKVGEFS
510
GALVGKLERS ISELK
Length:515
Mass (Da):57,767
Last modified:July 5, 2004 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i46F178558C27A71A
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 2 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
H7BX21H7BX21_MOUSE
Thioredoxin domain-containing prote...
Txndc2
550Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A3B2W416A0A3B2W416_MOUSE
Thioredoxin domain containing 2 (Sp...
Txndc2 mCG_53767
543Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAM94687 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF196282 mRNA Translation: AAM94687.2 Different initiation.
BC060981 mRNA Translation: AAH60981.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001139474.1, NM_001146002.1
NP_705739.2, NM_153519.2

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
213272

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mmu:213272

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF196282 mRNA Translation: AAM94687.2 Different initiation.
BC060981 mRNA Translation: AAH60981.1
RefSeqiNP_001139474.1, NM_001146002.1
NP_705739.2, NM_153519.2

3D structure databases

SMRiQ6P902
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000054909

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ6P902
PhosphoSitePlusiQ6P902

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ6P902
PRIDEiQ6P902

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi213272
KEGGimmu:213272

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
84203
MGIiMGI:2389312 Txndc2

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0907 Eukaryota
COG0526 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000154719
InParanoidiQ6P902
OrthoDBi1482186at2759
PhylomeDBiQ6P902

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
Txndc2 mouse

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q6P902

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.30.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036249 Thioredoxin-like_sf
IPR013766 Thioredoxin_domain
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00085 Thioredoxin, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52833 SSF52833, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51352 THIOREDOXIN_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTXND2_MOUSE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q6P902
Secondary accession number(s): Q8CJD1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 5, 2005
Last sequence update: July 5, 2004
Last modified: November 13, 2019
This is version 128 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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