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Entry version 94 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 1 (19 Jul 2004)
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Protein

Macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1

Gene

Csf1

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Cytokine that plays an essential role in the regulation of survival, proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic precursor cells, especially mononuclear phagocytes, such as macrophages and monocytes. Promotes the release of proinflammatory chemokines, and thereby plays an important role in innate immunity and in inflammatory processes. Plays an important role in the regulation of osteoclast proliferation and differentiation, the regulation of bone resorption, and is required for normal bone development. Required for normal male and female fertility. Promotes reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton, regulates formation of membrane ruffles, cell adhesion and cell migration. Plays a role in lipoprotein clearance.

UniRule annotation

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionCytokineUniRule annotation, Growth factorUniRule annotation
Biological processImmunity, Inflammatory responseUniRule annotation, Innate immunityUniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1UniRule annotation
Short name:
CSF-1UniRule annotation
Short name:
MCSFUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Csf1Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
621063, Csf1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei509 – 531HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST23

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 32Sequence analysisAdd BLAST32
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_500427372833 – 566Macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1Sequence analysisAdd BLAST534

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi38 ↔ 121UniRule annotation
Disulfide bondi62InterchainUniRule annotation
Disulfide bondi79 ↔ 170UniRule annotation
Disulfide bondi133 ↔ 177UniRule annotation
Disulfide bondi188InterchainUniRule annotation
Disulfide bondi190InterchainUniRule annotation

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bondUniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q6GMN4, RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer or heterodimer; disulfide-linked.

Interacts with CSF1R.

UniRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni197 – 413DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST217
Regioni434 – 484DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST51
Regioni538 – 566DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST29

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular type of amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi251 – 270Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST20
Compositional biasi312 – 326Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST15
Compositional biasi342 – 380Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST39
Compositional biasi394 – 408Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST15

Keywords - Domaini

SignalSequence analysis, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helixSequence analysis

Phylogenomic databases

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
KCSSQDV

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
715874at2759

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR009079, 4_helix_cytokine-like_core
IPR008001, MCSF-1

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10058, PTHR10058, 2 hits

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF05337, CSF-1, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF001948, MCSF-1, 2 hits

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47266, SSF47266, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q6GMN4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTARGAAGRC PSSTWMGSRL LLVCLLVSRS VAEVSEHCSH MIGNGHLQIL
60 70 80 90 100
QQLIDSQMET ACLIEYKFVD QEQLDDPVCY LKKAFVLVQV IIEETMRFKD
110 120 130 140 150
NTPNANATER LQELSMKLNS CFIKDYKEQN EACVQTYKES PLRLLEKIKN
160 170 180 190 200
FFNETKNFLE KDWNIFSKNC NDSLAKCSSR DVVTKPDCNC LYPKATPSSD
210 220 230 240 250
LASASPHQPP APSMAPLADL AWDDSQRTEG SSLLPSDLPL RIEDPGSAKQ
260 270 280 290 300
RPPRSTCQTL ESTEQPNHED PQPHPSAGAP IPGVEDIIES SMGTNWVLEE
310 320 330 340 350
ASGEASEGFL TQERKFSPSN PVGGSIQAET DRPWARSASS PFPKLTEDQQ
360 370 380 390 400
PTNITDTPLT EVNPMRPTGQ TLNNTPEKTD GSSTLREDQQ EPRSPHFATL
410 420 430 440 450
NPQRVGNSAT PYAKLLPPKS HSWGIVLPLG ELEGKKSTRD RRSPAELKGG
460 470 480 490 500
PASEGAARPV AQSTRDRRSP AELKGGPASE GAARPVARFN SIPLTDTGSS
510 520 530 540 550
IQDPQTSAFV FWVLGIILVL LAVGGLLFYS WKRRSHRDPR TLDSSVGRPE
560
GSSLAQDEDR QVELPV
Length:566
Mass (Da):62,153
Last modified:July 19, 2004 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iBDFA95CADE2A755F
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC074007 mRNA Translation: AAH74007.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_076471.3, NM_023981.4

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
78965

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:78965

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC074007 mRNA Translation: AAH74007.1
RefSeqiNP_076471.3, NM_023981.4

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi78965
KEGGirno:78965

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
1435
RGDi621063, Csf1

Phylogenomic databases

OMAiKCSSQDV
OrthoDBi715874at2759

Gene expression databases

GenevisibleiQ6GMN4, RN

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009079, 4_helix_cytokine-like_core
IPR008001, MCSF-1
PANTHERiPTHR10058, PTHR10058, 2 hits
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF05337, CSF-1, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001948, MCSF-1, 2 hits
SUPFAMiSSF47266, SSF47266, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiQ6GMN4_RAT
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q6GMN4
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: July 19, 2004
Last sequence update: July 19, 2004
Last modified: June 2, 2021
This is version 94 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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