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Entry version 114 (26 Feb 2020)
Sequence version 1 (11 Oct 2004)
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Protein

Threonine--tRNA ligase, mitochondrial

Gene

Tars2

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the attachment of threonine to tRNA(Thr) in a two-step reaction: threonine is first activated by ATP to form Thr-AMP and then transferred to the acceptor end of tRNA(Thr). Also edits incorrectly charged tRNA(Thr) via its editing domain.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, Ligase
Biological processProtein biosynthesis
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Threonine--tRNA ligase, mitochondrial (EC:6.1.1.3By similarity)
Alternative name(s):
Threonyl-tRNA synthetase
Short name:
ThrRS
Threonyl-tRNA synthetase-like 1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Tars2
Synonyms:Tarsl1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
1308283 Tars2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Mitochondrion

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – ?MitochondrionSequence analysis
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_0000254588? – 723Threonine--tRNA ligase, mitochondrial

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei57PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
Q68FW7

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q68FW7

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q68FW7

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q68FW7

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q68FW7

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000057194 Expressed in heart and 9 other tissues

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q68FW7 RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000044548

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q68FW7

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini64 – 126TGSPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST63

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1637 Eukaryota
COG0441 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000161600

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_008554_0_3_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q68FW7

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01868

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
RAEYAHR

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
813937at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q68FW7

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00771 ThrRS_core, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.10.20.30, 1 hit
3.40.50.800, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00184 Thr_tRNA_synth, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002314 aa-tRNA-synt_IIb
IPR006195 aa-tRNA-synth_II
IPR004154 Anticodon-bd
IPR036621 Anticodon-bd_dom_sf
IPR012675 Beta-grasp_dom_sf
IPR004095 TGS
IPR012676 TGS-like
IPR002320 Thr-tRNA-ligase_IIa
IPR018163 Thr/Ala-tRNA-synth_IIc_edit
IPR033728 ThrRS_core
IPR012947 tRNA_SAD

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11451 PTHR11451, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF03129 HGTP_anticodon, 1 hit
PF02824 TGS, 1 hit
PF00587 tRNA-synt_2b, 1 hit
PF07973 tRNA_SAD, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01047 TRNASYNTHTHR

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00863 tRNA_SAD, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF55186 SSF55186, 1 hit
SSF81271 SSF81271, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00418 thrS, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50862 AA_TRNA_LIGASE_II, 1 hit
PS51880 TGS, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q68FW7-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGLCLRWRRL GFPLPGFRRC ELHTVREAPI PTPPHWLAER FGLFEELWTA
60 70 80 90 100
QVKRLASMTQ KKARTIKISL PEGQKVDAVA WNTTPYQLAQ QISSTLADTA
110 120 130 140 150
VAAEVNGELY DLDRPLETDC HLRFLTFDSP EGKAVFWRSS AHVLGAAAEQ
160 170 180 190 200
HLGAVLCRGP STESGFYLDF FLGKERTVRS TELPTLERIC QEIITAAQPF
210 220 230 240 250
RRLEASRGQL RQLFKDNHFK LHVIEEKVTG TTATVYGCGM SVDLCQGPHL
260 270 280 290 300
RHTGQIGALK LLTNSSALWR SSEAPETLQR VSGISFPKAE LLRNWEARRE
310 320 330 340 350
EAELRDHRRI GKEQELFFFH ELSPGSCFFL PRGTRIYNAL VAFIRAEYAR
360 370 380 390 400
RGFSEVKTPT LFSTKLWEQS GHWEHYRAHM FSLKPPGTDG VDSSQSGHPA
410 420 430 440 450
RCPKDTLALK PMNCPAHCLM FAHRPRSWRE LPVRLADFGV LHRAEASGSL
460 470 480 490 500
GGLTRLWRFQ QDDAHIFCAP SQLEAEIRGC LDFLRSVYSV LGFSFHLALS
510 520 530 540 550
TRPPGFLGEP HLWDQAEKVL QQALEEFGEP WNLNPGDGAF YGPKIDVHLH
560 570 580 590 600
DALGRPHQCG TIQLDFQLPL RFDLQYKGPA GAPECPVLIH RAVLGSVERL
610 620 630 640 650
LGVLAESCGG RWPLWLSPFQ VVVIPVRTEQ EDYARQVQQC LQAAGLVSDL
660 670 680 690 700
DADCGLTLSR RVRRAQLAHY NFQFVVGQRE QSQMSVNVRT RDNRQLGERG
710 720
LAESVQRLLE LQDARVPNAE ELF
Length:723
Mass (Da):81,672
Last modified:October 11, 2004 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i55D41FF833FCE14E
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC079154 mRNA Translation: AAH79154.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001014062.1, NM_001014040.1
XP_008759530.1, XM_008761308.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000087052; ENSRNOP00000072886; ENSRNOG00000057194

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
310672

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:310672

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:1308283 rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC079154 mRNA Translation: AAH79154.1
RefSeqiNP_001014062.1, NM_001014040.1
XP_008759530.1, XM_008761308.2

3D structure databases

SMRiQ68FW7
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000044548

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ68FW7
PhosphoSitePlusiQ68FW7

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiQ68FW7
PaxDbiQ68FW7
PRIDEiQ68FW7

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000087052; ENSRNOP00000072886; ENSRNOG00000057194
GeneIDi310672
KEGGirno:310672
UCSCiRGD:1308283 rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
80222
RGDi1308283 Tars2

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1637 Eukaryota
COG0441 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000161600
HOGENOMiCLU_008554_0_3_1
InParanoidiQ68FW7
KOiK01868
OMAiRAEYAHR
OrthoDBi813937at2759
PhylomeDBiQ68FW7

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q68FW7

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000057194 Expressed in heart and 9 other tissues
GenevisibleiQ68FW7 RN

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00771 ThrRS_core, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.10.20.30, 1 hit
3.40.50.800, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00184 Thr_tRNA_synth, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002314 aa-tRNA-synt_IIb
IPR006195 aa-tRNA-synth_II
IPR004154 Anticodon-bd
IPR036621 Anticodon-bd_dom_sf
IPR012675 Beta-grasp_dom_sf
IPR004095 TGS
IPR012676 TGS-like
IPR002320 Thr-tRNA-ligase_IIa
IPR018163 Thr/Ala-tRNA-synth_IIc_edit
IPR033728 ThrRS_core
IPR012947 tRNA_SAD
PANTHERiPTHR11451 PTHR11451, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF03129 HGTP_anticodon, 1 hit
PF02824 TGS, 1 hit
PF00587 tRNA-synt_2b, 1 hit
PF07973 tRNA_SAD, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01047 TRNASYNTHTHR
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00863 tRNA_SAD, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF55186 SSF55186, 1 hit
SSF81271 SSF81271, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00418 thrS, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50862 AA_TRNA_LIGASE_II, 1 hit
PS51880 TGS, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSYTM_RAT
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q68FW7
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 31, 2006
Last sequence update: October 11, 2004
Last modified: February 26, 2020
This is version 114 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases
    List of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase entries
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