Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 116 (29 Sep 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 Nov 1996)
Previous versions | rss
Add a publicationFeedback
Protein

Proteasome activator complex subunit 1

Gene

Psme1

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Implicated in immunoproteasome assembly and required for efficient antigen processing. The PA28 activator complex enhances the generation of class I binding peptides by altering the cleavage pattern of the proteasome.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-1169091, Activation of NF-kappaB in B cells
R-RNO-1234176, Oxygen-dependent proline hydroxylation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor Alpha
R-RNO-1236978, Cross-presentation of soluble exogenous antigens (endosomes)
R-RNO-174084, Autodegradation of Cdh1 by Cdh1:APC/C
R-RNO-174154, APC/C:Cdc20 mediated degradation of Securin
R-RNO-174178, APC/C:Cdh1 mediated degradation of Cdc20 and other APC/C:Cdh1 targeted proteins in late mitosis/early G1
R-RNO-174184, Cdc20:Phospho-APC/C mediated degradation of Cyclin A
R-RNO-187577, SCF(Skp2)-mediated degradation of p27/p21
R-RNO-195253, Degradation of beta-catenin by the destruction complex
R-RNO-2467813, Separation of Sister Chromatids
R-RNO-349425, Autodegradation of the E3 ubiquitin ligase COP1
R-RNO-350562, Regulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC)
R-RNO-382556, ABC-family proteins mediated transport
R-RNO-450408, AUF1 (hnRNP D0) binds and destabilizes mRNA
R-RNO-4608870, Asymmetric localization of PCP proteins
R-RNO-4641257, Degradation of AXIN
R-RNO-4641258, Degradation of DVL
R-RNO-5358346, Hedgehog ligand biogenesis
R-RNO-5607761, Dectin-1 mediated noncanonical NF-kB signaling
R-RNO-5610780, Degradation of GLI1 by the proteasome
R-RNO-5610785, GLI3 is processed to GLI3R by the proteasome
R-RNO-5632684, Hedgehog 'on' state
R-RNO-5658442, Regulation of RAS by GAPs
R-RNO-5668541, TNFR2 non-canonical NF-kB pathway
R-RNO-5676590, NIK-->noncanonical NF-kB signaling
R-RNO-5687128, MAPK6/MAPK4 signaling
R-RNO-5689603, UCH proteinases
R-RNO-5689880, Ub-specific processing proteases
R-RNO-68827, CDT1 association with the CDC6:ORC:origin complex
R-RNO-68949, Orc1 removal from chromatin
R-RNO-69017, CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6
R-RNO-69481, G2/M Checkpoints
R-RNO-69601, Ubiquitin Mediated Degradation of Phosphorylated Cdc25A
R-RNO-75815, Ubiquitin-dependent degradation of Cyclin D
R-RNO-8852276, The role of GTSE1 in G2/M progression after G2 checkpoint
R-RNO-8854050, FBXL7 down-regulates AURKA during mitotic entry and in early mitosis
R-RNO-8932339, ROS sensing by NFE2L2
R-RNO-8939236, RUNX1 regulates transcription of genes involved in differentiation of HSCs
R-RNO-8941858, Regulation of RUNX3 expression and activity
R-RNO-8948751, Regulation of PTEN stability and activity
R-RNO-8951664, Neddylation
R-RNO-983168, Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Proteasome activator complex subunit 1
Alternative name(s):
11S regulator complex subunit alpha
Short name:
REG-alpha
Activator of multicatalytic protease subunit 1
Proteasome activator 28 subunit alpha
Short name:
PA28a
Short name:
PA28alpha
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Psme1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
3429, Psme1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywords - Cellular componenti

Proteasome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001617831 – 249Proteasome activator complex subunit 1Add BLAST249

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
Q63797

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q63797

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q63797

PTM databases

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q63797

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By interferon gamma.

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterodimer of PSME1 and PSME2, which forms a hexameric ring. PSME1 can form homoheptamers (By similarity).

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000025887

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q63797

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni60 – 102DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST43

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular type of amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi65 – 98Basic and acidic residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST34

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the PA28 family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG4470, Eukaryota

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q63797

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q63797

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.20.120.180, 1 hit
1.20.5.120, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR003186, PA28_C
IPR036997, PA28_C_sf
IPR036996, PA28_N_sf
IPR009077, Proteasome_activ_PA28
IPR003185, Proteasome_activ_PA28_N
IPR036252, Proteasome_activ_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10660, PTHR10660, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02251, PA28_alpha, 1 hit
PF02252, PA28_beta, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47216, SSF47216, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q63797-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MATLRVHPEA QAKVDVFRED LCSKTENLLG SYFPKKISEL DAFLKEPALN
60 70 80 90 100
EANLSNLKAP LDIPVPDPVK EKEKEERKKQ QEKEEKDEKK KGDEDDKGPP
110 120 130 140 150
CGPVNCNEKI VVLLQRLKPE IKDVIEQLNL VTTWLQLQIP RIEDGNNFGV
160 170 180 190 200
AVQAKVFELM TSLHTKLEGF QTQISKYFSE RGDAVAKAAK QPHVGDYRQL
210 220 230 240
VHELDEAEYQ EIRLMVMEIR NAYAVLYDII LKNFEKLKKP RGETKGMIY
Length:249
Mass (Da):28,577
Last modified:November 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iEF456C62DCD38BC5
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
Q6P9V7Q6P9V7_RAT
Proteasome (Prosome, macropain) act...
Psme1 rCG_23530
249Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
D45249 mRNA Translation: BAA08206.1

Genome annotation databases

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:3429, rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
D45249 mRNA Translation: BAA08206.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ63797
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000025887

PTM databases

PhosphoSitePlusiQ63797

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiQ63797
PaxDbiQ63797
PRIDEiQ63797

Genome annotation databases

UCSCiRGD:3429, rat

Organism-specific databases

RGDi3429, Psme1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG4470, Eukaryota
InParanoidiQ63797
PhylomeDBiQ63797

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-1169091, Activation of NF-kappaB in B cells
R-RNO-1234176, Oxygen-dependent proline hydroxylation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor Alpha
R-RNO-1236978, Cross-presentation of soluble exogenous antigens (endosomes)
R-RNO-174084, Autodegradation of Cdh1 by Cdh1:APC/C
R-RNO-174154, APC/C:Cdc20 mediated degradation of Securin
R-RNO-174178, APC/C:Cdh1 mediated degradation of Cdc20 and other APC/C:Cdh1 targeted proteins in late mitosis/early G1
R-RNO-174184, Cdc20:Phospho-APC/C mediated degradation of Cyclin A
R-RNO-187577, SCF(Skp2)-mediated degradation of p27/p21
R-RNO-195253, Degradation of beta-catenin by the destruction complex
R-RNO-2467813, Separation of Sister Chromatids
R-RNO-349425, Autodegradation of the E3 ubiquitin ligase COP1
R-RNO-350562, Regulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC)
R-RNO-382556, ABC-family proteins mediated transport
R-RNO-450408, AUF1 (hnRNP D0) binds and destabilizes mRNA
R-RNO-4608870, Asymmetric localization of PCP proteins
R-RNO-4641257, Degradation of AXIN
R-RNO-4641258, Degradation of DVL
R-RNO-5358346, Hedgehog ligand biogenesis
R-RNO-5607761, Dectin-1 mediated noncanonical NF-kB signaling
R-RNO-5610780, Degradation of GLI1 by the proteasome
R-RNO-5610785, GLI3 is processed to GLI3R by the proteasome
R-RNO-5632684, Hedgehog 'on' state
R-RNO-5658442, Regulation of RAS by GAPs
R-RNO-5668541, TNFR2 non-canonical NF-kB pathway
R-RNO-5676590, NIK-->noncanonical NF-kB signaling
R-RNO-5687128, MAPK6/MAPK4 signaling
R-RNO-5689603, UCH proteinases
R-RNO-5689880, Ub-specific processing proteases
R-RNO-68827, CDT1 association with the CDC6:ORC:origin complex
R-RNO-68949, Orc1 removal from chromatin
R-RNO-69017, CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6
R-RNO-69481, G2/M Checkpoints
R-RNO-69601, Ubiquitin Mediated Degradation of Phosphorylated Cdc25A
R-RNO-75815, Ubiquitin-dependent degradation of Cyclin D
R-RNO-8852276, The role of GTSE1 in G2/M progression after G2 checkpoint
R-RNO-8854050, FBXL7 down-regulates AURKA during mitotic entry and in early mitosis
R-RNO-8932339, ROS sensing by NFE2L2
R-RNO-8939236, RUNX1 regulates transcription of genes involved in differentiation of HSCs
R-RNO-8941858, Regulation of RUNX3 expression and activity
R-RNO-8948751, Regulation of PTEN stability and activity
R-RNO-8951664, Neddylation
R-RNO-983168, Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q63797

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.20.120.180, 1 hit
1.20.5.120, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR003186, PA28_C
IPR036997, PA28_C_sf
IPR036996, PA28_N_sf
IPR009077, Proteasome_activ_PA28
IPR003185, Proteasome_activ_PA28_N
IPR036252, Proteasome_activ_sf
PANTHERiPTHR10660, PTHR10660, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02251, PA28_alpha, 1 hit
PF02252, PA28_beta, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47216, SSF47216, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPSME1_RAT
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q63797
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 29, 2001
Last sequence update: November 1, 1996
Last modified: September 29, 2021
This is version 116 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again