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Entry version 125 (31 Jul 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Nov 1996)
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Protein

GDNF family receptor alpha-1

Gene

Gfra1

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Receptor for GDNF. Mediates the GDNF-induced autophosphorylation and activation of the RET receptor.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionReceptor

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
GDNF family receptor alpha-1
Short name:
GDNF receptor alpha-1
Short name:
GDNFR-alpha-1
Short name:
GFR-alpha-1
Alternative name(s):
RET ligand 1
TGF-beta-related neurotrophic factor receptor 1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Gfra1
Synonyms:Gdnfra, Retl1, Trnr1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
2681 Gfra1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Endosome, Golgi apparatus, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 24Sequence analysisAdd BLAST24
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000001078125 – 430GDNF family receptor alpha-1Add BLAST406
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes a propeptide, which is a part of a protein that is cleaved during maturation or activation. Once cleaved, a propeptide generally has no independent biological function.<p><a href='/help/propep' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PropeptideiPRO_0000010782431 – 468Removed in mature formSequence analysisAdd BLAST38

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi29 ↔ 87By similarity
Disulfide bondi36 ↔ 42By similarity
Disulfide bondi52 ↔ 72By similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi59N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Disulfide bondi89 ↔ 99By similarity
Disulfide bondi154 ↔ 214By similarity
Disulfide bondi161 ↔ 167By similarity
Disulfide bondi178 ↔ 192By similarity
Disulfide bondi187 ↔ 233By similarity
Disulfide bondi216 ↔ 221By similarity
Disulfide bondi243 ↔ 3131 Publication
Disulfide bondi250 ↔ 2561 Publication
Disulfide bondi267 ↔ 2851 Publication
Disulfide bondi277 ↔ 3371 Publication
Disulfide bondi315 ↔ 3251 Publication
Glycosylationi347N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi406N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position(s) and the type of covalently attached lipid group(s).<p><a href='/help/lipid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Lipidationi430GPI-anchor amidated serineSequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein, GPI-anchor, Lipoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q62997

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q62997

PTM databases

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q62997

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in liver, brain, kidney and cochlea.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

2 molecules of GDNFR-alpha are thought to form a complex with the disulfide-linked GDNF dimer and with 2 molecules of RET (PubMed:15044950).

Interacts with RET (By similarity).

Interacts with SORL1, either alone or in complex with GDNF. Interaction between SORL1 and GFRA1 leads to GFRA1 internalization, but not degradation (By similarity).

By similarity1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
247488, 2 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000023667

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1468
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q62997

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
Q62997

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section indicates the positions and types of repeated sequence motifs or repeated domains within the protein.<p><a href='/help/repeat' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Repeati25 – 1131Add BLAST89
Repeati150 – 2382Add BLAST89
Repeati239 – 3423Add BLAST104

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi362 – 369Poly-Thr8

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the GDNFR family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat, Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IU4F Eukaryota
ENOG410XPTA LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000008695

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q62997

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K19895

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
482696at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q62997

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF331647

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR016017 GDNF/GAS1
IPR037193 GDNF_alpha
IPR003438 GDNF_rcpt
IPR003503 GDNF_rcpt_A1
IPR017372 Glial_neurotroph_fac_rcpt_a1/2

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10269 PTHR10269, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02351 GDNF, 3 hits

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF038071 GDNF_family_receptor_alpha, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01317 GDNFRALPHA1
PR01316 GDNFRECEPTOR

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00907 GDNF, 3 hits

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF110035 SSF110035, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q62997-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MFLATLYFAL PLLDLLMSAE VSGGDRLDCV KASDQCLKEQ SCSTKYRTLR
60 70 80 90 100
QCVAGKETNF SLTSGLEAKD ECRSAMEALK QKSLYNCRCK RGMKKEKNCL
110 120 130 140 150
RIYWSMYQSL QGNDLLEDSP YEPVNSRLSD IFRAVPFISD VFQQVEHISK
160 170 180 190 200
GNNCLDAAKA CNLDDTCKKY RSAYITPCTT SMSNEVCNRR KCHKALRQFF
210 220 230 240 250
DKVPAKHSYG MLFCSCRDIA CTERRRQTIV PVCSYEERER PNCLSLQDSC
260 270 280 290 300
KTNYICRSRL ADFFTNCQPE SRSVSNCLKE NYADCLLAYS GLIGTVMTPN
310 320 330 340 350
YVDSSSLSVA PWCDCSNSGN DLEDCLKFLN FFKDNTCLKN AIQAFGNGSD
360 370 380 390 400
VTMWQPAPPV QTTTATTTTA FRVKNKPLGP AGSENEIPTH VLPPCANLQA
410 420 430 440 450
QKLKSNVSGS THLCLSDSDF GKDGLAGASS HITTKSMAAP PSCSLSSLPV
460
LMLTALAALL SVSLAETS
Length:468
Mass (Da):51,650
Last modified:November 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iB2EE5906F5025E0F
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U59486 mRNA Translation: AAC52663.1
U97142 mRNA Translation: AAC53300.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_037091.1, NM_012959.1
XP_008758734.1, XM_008760512.2

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
25454

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:25454

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U59486 mRNA Translation: AAC52663.1
U97142 mRNA Translation: AAC53300.1
RefSeqiNP_037091.1, NM_012959.1
XP_008758734.1, XM_008760512.2

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1Q8DX-ray1.80A239-346[»]
2V5EX-ray2.35A150-349[»]
3FUBX-ray2.35A/C145-425[»]
4UX8electron microscopy24.00C/E1-468[»]
SMRiQ62997
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi247488, 2 interactors
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000023667

PTM databases

PhosphoSitePlusiQ62997

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ62997
PRIDEiQ62997

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi25454
KEGGirno:25454

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
2674
RGDi2681 Gfra1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IU4F Eukaryota
ENOG410XPTA LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000008695
InParanoidiQ62997
KOiK19895
OrthoDBi482696at2759
PhylomeDBiQ62997
TreeFamiTF331647

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiQ62997

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q62997

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR016017 GDNF/GAS1
IPR037193 GDNF_alpha
IPR003438 GDNF_rcpt
IPR003503 GDNF_rcpt_A1
IPR017372 Glial_neurotroph_fac_rcpt_a1/2
PANTHERiPTHR10269 PTHR10269, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02351 GDNF, 3 hits
PIRSFiPIRSF038071 GDNF_family_receptor_alpha, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01317 GDNFRALPHA1
PR01316 GDNFRECEPTOR
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00907 GDNF, 3 hits
SUPFAMiSSF110035 SSF110035, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGFRA1_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q62997
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
Last sequence update: November 1, 1996
Last modified: July 31, 2019
This is version 125 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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