Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 115 (31 Jul 2019)
Sequence version 2 (19 Sep 2003)
Previous versions | rss
Other tutorials and videosHelp videoFeedback
Protein

Vesicular acetylcholine transporter

Gene

Slc18a3

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in acetylcholine transport into synaptic vesicles.1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processNeurotransmitter transport, Transport

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-264642 Acetylcholine Neurotransmitter Release Cycle
R-RNO-8856825 Cargo recognition for clathrin-mediated endocytosis
R-RNO-8856828 Clathrin-mediated endocytosis

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Vesicular acetylcholine transporter
Short name:
VAChT
Short name:
rVAT
Alternative name(s):
Solute carrier family 18 member 3
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Slc18a3
Synonyms:Vacht, Vat
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
62072 Slc18a3

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 33CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST33
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei34 – 54HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini55 – 125Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysisAdd BLAST71
Transmembranei126 – 146HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini147 – 152CytoplasmicSequence analysis6
Transmembranei153 – 173HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini174 – 182Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysis9
Transmembranei183 – 203HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini204 – 213CytoplasmicSequence analysis10
Transmembranei214 – 234HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini235 – 242Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysis8
Transmembranei243 – 263HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini264 – 289CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST26
Transmembranei290 – 310HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini311 – 325Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysisAdd BLAST15
Transmembranei326 – 346HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini347 – 356CytoplasmicSequence analysis10
Transmembranei357 – 377HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini378 – 388Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysisAdd BLAST11
Transmembranei389 – 409HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini410 – 422CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST13
Transmembranei423 – 443HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini444 – 447Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysis4
Transmembranei448 – 468HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini469 – 530CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST62

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL2125

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001275201 – 530Vesicular acetylcholine transporterAdd BLAST530

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi89N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi96N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q62666

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q62666

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q62666

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

High expression in all major cholinergic cell groups, including peripheral postganglionic parasympathetic cells, preganglionic sympathetic and parasympathetic cells, ventral spinal cord and brainstem motoneurons, cell groups in the basal forebrain, the habenula and the corpus striatum. Weakly expressed in the cortex and hippocampus.3 Publications

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with SEC14L1.

By similarity

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

More...
BindingDBi
Q62666

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni471 – 530Mediates interaction with SEC14L1By similarityAdd BLAST60

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000018545

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q62666

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K14636

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
956763at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q62666

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011701 MFS
IPR020846 MFS_dom
IPR036259 MFS_trans_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF07690 MFS_1, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF103473 SSF103473, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50850 MFS, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q62666-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MEPTAPTGQA RAAATKLSEA VGAALQEPQR QRRLVLVIVC VALLLDNMLY
60 70 80 90 100
MVIVPIVPDY IAHMRGGSEG PTLVSEVWEP TLPPPTLANA SAYLANTSAS
110 120 130 140 150
PTAAGSARSI LRPRYPTESE DVKIGVLFAS KAILQLLVNP LSGPFIDRMS
160 170 180 190 200
YDVPLLIGLG VMFASTVMFA FAEDYATLFA ARSLQGLGSA FADTSGIAMI
210 220 230 240 250
ADKYPEEPER SRALGVALAF ISFGSLVAPP FGGILYEFAG KRVPFLVLAA
260 270 280 290 300
VSLFDALLLL AVAKPFSAAA RARANLPVGT PIHRLMLDPY IAVVAGALTT
310 320 330 340 350
CNIPLAFLEP TIATWMKHTM AASEWEMGMV WLPAFVPHVL GVYLTVRLAA
360 370 380 390 400
RYPHLQWLYG ALGLAVIGVS SCVVPACRSF APLVVSLCGL CFGIALVDTA
410 420 430 440 450
LLPTLAFLVD VRHVSVYGSV YAIADISYSV AYALGPIVAG HIVHSLGFEQ
460 470 480 490 500
LSLGMGLANL LYAPVLLLLR NVGLLTRSRS ERDVLLDEPP QGLYDAVRLR
510 520 530
EVQGKDGGEP CSPPGPFDGC EDDYNYYSRS
Length:530
Mass (Da):56,537
Last modified:September 19, 2003 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i07720DA749527438
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A1B0GWU4A0A1B0GWU4_RAT
Solute carrier family 18 (Vesicular...
Slc18a3 rCG_42278
530Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti92A → T in AAA50831 (PubMed:7938002).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U09838 mRNA Translation: AAA50831.1
U09211 mRNA Translation: AAA20498.1
X80395 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA56604.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_113851.1, NM_031663.2

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
60422

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:60422

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:62072 rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U09838 mRNA Translation: AAA50831.1
U09211 mRNA Translation: AAA20498.1
X80395 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA56604.1
RefSeqiNP_113851.1, NM_031663.2

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiQ62666
ChEMBLiCHEMBL2125

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ62666
PhosphoSitePlusiQ62666

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ62666

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi60422
KEGGirno:60422
UCSCiRGD:62072 rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
6572
RGDi62072 Slc18a3

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiHOG000018545
InParanoidiQ62666
KOiK14636
OrthoDBi956763at2759
PhylomeDBiQ62666

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-264642 Acetylcholine Neurotransmitter Release Cycle
R-RNO-8856825 Cargo recognition for clathrin-mediated endocytosis
R-RNO-8856828 Clathrin-mediated endocytosis

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q62666

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011701 MFS
IPR020846 MFS_dom
IPR036259 MFS_trans_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF07690 MFS_1, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF103473 SSF103473, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50850 MFS, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiVACHT_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q62666
Secondary accession number(s): Q64351
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 19, 2003
Last sequence update: September 19, 2003
Last modified: July 31, 2019
This is version 115 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again