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Entry version 75 (12 Aug 2020)
Sequence version 1 (23 Nov 2004)
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Protein

Mucolipin-1

Gene

MCOLN1

Organism
Macaca fascicularis (Crab-eating macaque) (Cynomolgus monkey)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Nonselective cation channel probably playing a role in the regulation of membrane trafficking events and of metal homeostasis. Proposed to play a major role in Ca2+ release from late endosome and lysosome vesicles to the cytoplasm, which is important for many lysosome-dependent cellular events, including the fusion and trafficking of these organelles, exocytosis and autophagy. Required for efficient uptake of large particles in macrophages in which Ca2+ release from the lysosomes triggers lysosomal exocytosis. May also play a role in phagosome-lysosome fusion. Involved in lactosylceramide trafficking indicative for a role in the regulation of late endocytic membrane fusion/fission events. By mediating lysosomal Ca2+ release is involved in regulation of mTORC1 signaling and in mTOR/TFEB-dependent lysosomal adaptation to environmental cues such as nutrient levels. Seems to act as lysosomal active oxygen species (ROS) sensor involved in ROS-induced TFEB activation and autophagy. Functions as a Fe2+ permeable channel in late endosomes and lysosomes. Proposed to play a role in zinc homeostasis probably implicating its association with TMEM163. In adaptive immunity, TRPML2 and TRPML1 may play redundant roles in the function of the specialized lysosomes of B cells.By similarity
May contribute to cellular lipase activity within the late endosomal pathway or at the cell surface which may be involved in processes of membrane reshaping and vesiculation, especially the growth of tubular structures. However, it is not known, whether it conveys the enzymatic activity directly, or merely facilitates the activity of an associated phospholipase.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Channel activity is controlled by multiple regulatory mechanisms in different subcellular compartments. Channel function is transiently modulated by changes in Ca2+, and inhibited by a reduction of pH; pH changes modify the aggregation state of unitary channels; a negative cooperativity between extracellular/lumenal Ca2+ and H+ is suggested. Regulated by phosphoinositides in a compartment-specific manner: in lysosomes activated by PtdIns(3,5)P2 (Phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate) and at the plasma membrane inhibited by PtdIns(4,5)P2 (Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionIon channel
Biological processAdaptive immunity, Calcium transport, Immunity, Ion transport, Transport
LigandCalcium, Lipid-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Mucolipin-1
Alternative name(s):
Mucolipidin
Transient receptor potential channel mucolipin 1
Short name:
TRPML1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:MCOLN1
ORF Names:QorA-13738
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMacaca fascicularis (Crab-eating macaque) (Cynomolgus monkey)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9541 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniCercopithecidaeCercopithecinaeMacaca
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000233100 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 65CytoplasmicBy similarityAdd BLAST65
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei66 – 86Helical; Name=1By similarityAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini87 – 298ExtracellularBy similarityAdd BLAST212
Transmembranei299 – 321Helical; Name=2By similarityAdd BLAST23
Topological domaini322 – 350CytoplasmicBy similarityAdd BLAST29
Transmembranei351 – 371Helical; Name=3By similarityAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini372 – 382ExtracellularBy similarityAdd BLAST11
Transmembranei383 – 405Helical; Name=4By similarityAdd BLAST23
Topological domaini406 – 427CytoplasmicBy similarityAdd BLAST22
Transmembranei428 – 448Helical; Name=5By similarityAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini449 – 456ExtracellularBy similarity8
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a region that is buried within a membrane, but does not cross it.<p><a href='/help/intramem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Intramembranei457 – 477Pore-formingBy similarityAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini478 – 491ExtracellularBy similarityAdd BLAST14
Transmembranei492 – 513Helical; Name=6By similarityAdd BLAST22
Topological domaini514 – 580CytoplasmicBy similarityAdd BLAST67

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cell projection, Cytoplasmic vesicle, Endosome, Lysosome, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002153631 – 580Mucolipin-1Add BLAST580

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei10PhosphoserineBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi166 ↔ 192By similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi230N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Disulfide bondi253 ↔ 284By similarity
Modified residuei557Phosphoserine; by PAKBy similarity1
Modified residuei559Phosphoserine; by PAKBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Palmitoylated; involved in association with membranes.By similarity
Phosphorylation by PKA inhibits channel activity. Dephosphorylation increases activity.By similarity
Proteolytically cleaved probably involving multiple lysosomal proteases including cathepsin B; inhibits lysosomal channel activity.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein, Phosphoprotein

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer. Homooligomer. Can heterooligomerize with MCOLN2 or MCOLN3; heteromeric assemblies have different channel properties as compared to the respective homooligomers and may be tissue-specific.

Interacts with PDCD6.

Interacts with TMEM163.

Interacts with LAPTM4B.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9541.XP_005587812.1

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni42 – 62Interaction with phosphoinositidesBy similarityAdd BLAST21
Regioni107 – 121Extracellular/lumenal pore loopBy similarityAdd BLAST15
Regioni565 – 567Required for palmitoylation and association with membranesBy similarity3

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi11 – 16Dileucine motif; mediates targeting to lysosomesBy similarity6
Motifi469 – 474Selectivity filterBy similarity6
Motifi573 – 578Dileucine internalization motif; mediates AP2 complex-dependent internalizationBy similarity6

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The most N-terminal extracellular/lumenal domain (referred to as I-II linker or polycystin-mucolipin domain) contributes to a structure with a four-fold rotational symmetry in a tetrameric assembly; the structure contains a central highly electronegative pore with a 14 A diameter. The pore is critical for Ca2+ and pH regulation. The protruding structure formed by the I-II linkers may contain all the interaction sites with lipids and proteins in the endolysosomal lumen.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3733, Eukaryota

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K04992

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1379516at2759

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR039031, Mucolipin
IPR013122, PKD1_2_channel

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR12127, PTHR12127, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF08016, PKD_channel, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q60HE8-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTDPAGPRGS ETERLLTPNP GYGTQVGPSP APPTPPEEED LRRRLKYFFM
60 70 80 90 100
SPCDKFRAKG RKPCKLMLQV VKILVVTVQL ILFGLSNQLA VTFREENTIA
110 120 130 140 150
FRHLFLLGYS DGADDTFAAY TQEQLYQAIF HAVDQYLALP DVSLGRYAYV
160 170 180 190 200
HGGGDPWTNG SGLALCQRYY HRGHVDPAND TFDIDPMVVT DCIQVDPPER
210 220 230 240 250
PPPSPSDDLA LLEGSSSYKN LTLKFHKLVN VTIHFRLKTI NLQSLINNEI
260 270 280 290 300
PDCYTFSVLI TFDNKAHSGR IPISLETQAH IQECKHPSVF RHGDNSFRLL
310 320 330 340 350
FDVVVILTCS LSFLLCARSL LRGFLLQNEF VRFMWRQRRR VISLWERLEF
360 370 380 390 400
VNGWYILLVT SDVLTISGTI MKIGIEAKNL ASYDVCSILL GTSTLLVWVG
410 420 430 440 450
VIRYLTFFHN YNILIATLRV ALPSVMRFCC CVAVIYLGYC FCGWIVLGPY
460 470 480 490 500
HVKFRSLSMV SECLFSLING DDMFVTFAAM QAQQGRSSLV WLFSQLYLYS
510 520 530 540 550
FISLFIYMVL SLFIALITGA YDTIKHPGGA GAEESELQAY IAQCQDSPTS
560 570 580
GKFRRGSGSA CSLLCCCGRD PSEEHSLLVN
Length:580
Mass (Da):65,203
Last modified:November 23, 2004 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i6B59A74F0231FD75
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB125179 mRNA Translation: BAD51967.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001270027.1, NM_001283098.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
102143748

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mcf:102143748

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB125179 mRNA Translation: BAD51967.1
RefSeqiNP_001270027.1, NM_001283098.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9541.XP_005587812.1

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi102143748
KEGGimcf:102143748

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
57192

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3733, Eukaryota
KOiK04992
OrthoDBi1379516at2759

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR039031, Mucolipin
IPR013122, PKD1_2_channel
PANTHERiPTHR12127, PTHR12127, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF08016, PKD_channel, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiMCLN1_MACFA
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q60HE8
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 12, 2005
Last sequence update: November 23, 2004
Last modified: August 12, 2020
This is version 75 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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