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Entry version 121 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 Nov 1997)
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Protein

L-tyrosine/L-aspartate decarboxylase

Gene

mfnA

Organism
Methanocaldococcus jannaschii (strain ATCC 43067 / DSM 2661 / JAL-1 / JCM 10045 / NBRC 100440) (Methanococcus jannaschii)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the decarboxylation of L-tyrosine to produce tyramine for methanofuran biosynthesis (PubMed:15715981).

Can also catalyze the decarboxylation of L-aspartate to produce beta-alanine for coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthesis (PubMed:24891443).

2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

pyridoxal 5'-phosphateUniRule annotation1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Inhibited by hydroxylamine and O-methylhydroxylamine.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=1.6 mM for L-tyrosine1 Publication
  2. KM=0.8 mM for L-aspartate1 Publication

    pH dependencei

    Optimum pH is 7.5-8.5 for tyrosine decarboxylase activity.1 Publication

    Temperature dependencei

    Thermostable. Retains full tyrosine decarboxylase activity after heating at 100 degrees Celsius for 10 minutes and 42% of its activity after 10 minutes at 110 degrees Celsius. Inactive after 10 minutes at 121 degrees Celsius.1 Publication

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: methanofuran biosynthesis

    This protein is involved in the pathway methanofuran biosynthesis, which is part of Cofactor biosynthesis.UniRule annotation1 Publication
    View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway methanofuran biosynthesis and in Cofactor biosynthesis.

    Pathwayi: coenzyme A biosynthesis

    This protein is involved in the pathway coenzyme A biosynthesis, which is part of Cofactor biosynthesis.UniRule annotation1 Publication
    View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway coenzyme A biosynthesis and in Cofactor biosynthesis.

    <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

    GO - Biological processi

    <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

    Molecular functionDecarboxylase, Lyase
    LigandPyridoxal phosphate

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

    More...
    BioCyci
    MetaCyc:MONOMER-12228

    BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

    More...
    BRENDAi
    4.1.1.11, 3260
    4.1.1.25, 3260

    UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

    More...
    UniPathwayi
    UPA00080
    UPA00241

    <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    L-tyrosine/L-aspartate decarboxylaseCurated (EC:4.1.1.11UniRule annotation1 Publication, EC:4.1.1.25UniRule annotation1 Publication)
    Short name:
    TDC/ADCUniRule annotationCurated
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
    Name:mfnA1 PublicationUniRule annotation
    Ordered Locus Names:MJ0050
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMethanocaldococcus jannaschii (strain ATCC 43067 / DSM 2661 / JAL-1 / JCM 10045 / NBRC 100440) (Methanococcus jannaschii)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri243232 [NCBI]
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiArchaeaEuryarchaeotaMethanomada groupMethanococciMethanococcalesMethanocaldococcaceaeMethanocaldococcus
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
    • UP000000805 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

    <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001470231 – 396L-tyrosine/L-aspartate decarboxylaseAdd BLAST396

    Amino acid modifications

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei245N6-(pyridoxal phosphate)lysineUniRule annotation1 Publication1

    <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

    Homodimer.

    1 Publication

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    STRING: functional protein association networks

    More...
    STRINGi
    243232.MJ_0050

    <p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

    Secondary structure

    1396
    Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
    Show more details

    3D structure databases

    SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

    More...
    SMRi
    Q60358

    Database of comparative protein structure models

    More...
    ModBasei
    Search...

    Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

    More...
    PDBe-KBi
    Search...

    Miscellaneous databases

    Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

    More...
    EvolutionaryTracei
    Q60358

    <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

    <p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the group II decarboxylase family. MfnA subfamily.UniRule annotation

    Phylogenomic databases

    evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

    More...
    eggNOGi
    arCOG00027, Archaea

    The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

    More...
    HOGENOMi
    CLU_028929_2_1_2

    InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

    More...
    InParanoidi
    Q60358

    Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

    More...
    OMAi
    DPHKMGL

    Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

    More...
    PhylomeDBi
    Q60358

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

    More...
    Gene3Di
    3.40.640.10, 1 hit
    3.90.1150.10, 1 hit

    HAMAP database of protein families

    More...
    HAMAPi
    MF_01610, MfnA_decarbox, 1 hit

    Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

    More...
    InterProi
    View protein in InterPro
    IPR020931, MfnA
    IPR002129, PyrdxlP-dep_de-COase
    IPR015424, PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase
    IPR015422, PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_dom1
    IPR015421, PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major

    Pfam protein domain database

    More...
    Pfami
    View protein in Pfam
    PF00282, Pyridoxal_deC, 1 hit

    Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

    More...
    SUPFAMi
    SSF53383, SSF53383, 1 hit

    TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

    More...
    TIGRFAMsi
    TIGR03812, tyr_de_CO2_Arch, 1 hit

    <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

    Q60358-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
    « Hide
            10         20         30         40         50
    MRNMQEKGVS EKEILEELKK YRSLDLKYED GNIFGSMCSN VLPITRKIVD
    60 70 80 90 100
    IFLETNLGDP GLFKGTKLLE EKAVALLGSL LNNKDAYGHI VSGGTEANLM
    110 120 130 140 150
    ALRCIKNIWR EKRRKGLSKN EHPKIIVPIT AHFSFEKGRE MMDLEYIYAP
    160 170 180 190 200
    IKEDYTIDEK FVKDAVEDYD VDGIIGIAGT TELGTIDNIE ELSKIAKENN
    210 220 230 240 250
    IYIHVDAAFG GLVIPFLDDK YKKKGVNYKF DFSLGVDSIT IDPHKMGHCP
    260 270 280 290 300
    IPSGGILFKD IGYKRYLDVD APYLTETRQA TILGTRVGFG GACTYAVLRY
    310 320 330 340 350
    LGREGQRKIV NECMENTLYL YKKLKENNFK PVIEPILNIV AIEDEDYKEV
    360 370 380 390
    CKKLRDRGIY VSVCNCVKAL RIVVMPHIKR EHIDNFIEIL NSIKRD
    Length:396
    Mass (Da):45,050
    Last modified:November 1, 1997 - v1
    <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i41CB8DEE45A8BBC0
    GO

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:

    EMBL nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    EMBLi

    GenBank nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    GenBanki

    DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    L77117 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB98031.1

    Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

    More...
    PIRi
    B64306

    Genome annotation databases

    Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

    More...
    EnsemblBacteriai
    AAB98031; AAB98031; MJ_0050

    KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

    More...
    KEGGi
    mja:MJ_0050

    <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

    <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    L77117 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB98031.1
    PIRiB64306

    3D structure databases

    Select the link destinations:

    Protein Data Bank Europe

    More...
    PDBei

    Protein Data Bank RCSB

    More...
    RCSB PDBi

    Protein Data Bank Japan

    More...
    PDBji
    Links Updated
    PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
    3F9TX-ray2.11A/B1-396[»]
    6JY1X-ray1.72A1-396[»]
    6LDRX-ray1.79A1-396[»]
    6LDSX-ray1.80A1-396[»]
    6LDTX-ray1.93A1-396[»]
    6M4YX-ray2.10A1-396[»]
    SMRiQ60358
    ModBaseiSearch...
    PDBe-KBiSearch...

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    STRINGi243232.MJ_0050

    Genome annotation databases

    EnsemblBacteriaiAAB98031; AAB98031; MJ_0050
    KEGGimja:MJ_0050

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGiarCOG00027, Archaea
    HOGENOMiCLU_028929_2_1_2
    InParanoidiQ60358
    OMAiDPHKMGL
    PhylomeDBiQ60358

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    UniPathwayiUPA00080
    UPA00241
    BioCyciMetaCyc:MONOMER-12228
    BRENDAi4.1.1.11, 3260
    4.1.1.25, 3260

    Miscellaneous databases

    EvolutionaryTraceiQ60358

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di3.40.640.10, 1 hit
    3.90.1150.10, 1 hit
    HAMAPiMF_01610, MfnA_decarbox, 1 hit
    InterProiView protein in InterPro
    IPR020931, MfnA
    IPR002129, PyrdxlP-dep_de-COase
    IPR015424, PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase
    IPR015422, PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_dom1
    IPR015421, PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major
    PfamiView protein in Pfam
    PF00282, Pyridoxal_deC, 1 hit
    SUPFAMiSSF53383, SSF53383, 1 hit
    TIGRFAMsiTIGR03812, tyr_de_CO2_Arch, 1 hit

    MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

    More...
    MobiDBi
    Search...

    <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiMFNA_METJA
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q60358
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
    Last sequence update: November 1, 1997
    Last modified: June 2, 2021
    This is version 121 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

    <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    3D-structure, Reference proteome

    Documents

    1. PATHWAY comments
      Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
    2. PDB cross-references
      Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
    3. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families
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