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Entry version 81 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 3 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Multifunctional protein ADE2

Gene

PAICS

Organism
Pongo abelii (Sumatran orangutan) (Pongo pygmaeus abelii)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: IMP biosynthesis via de novo pathway

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide from 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate.
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Multifunctional protein ADE2 (PAICS)
  2. Adenylosuccinate lyase (CR201_G0031986), Adenylosuccinate lyase (CR201_G0031986), Adenylosuccinate lyase (ADSL), Adenylosuccinate lyase (CR201_G0031986)
This subpathway is part of the pathway IMP biosynthesis via de novo pathway, which is itself part of Purine metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide from 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate, the pathway IMP biosynthesis via de novo pathway and in Purine metabolism.

Pathwayi: IMP biosynthesis via de novo pathway

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate from 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole (carboxylase route).
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Multifunctional protein ADE2 (PAICS)
This subpathway is part of the pathway IMP biosynthesis via de novo pathway, which is itself part of Purine metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate from 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole (carboxylase route), the pathway IMP biosynthesis via de novo pathway and in Purine metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei107For SAICAR synthetase activityBy similarity1
Active sitei215For SAICAR synthetase activityBy similarity1
Active sitei303For AIR carboxylase activityBy similarity1
Active sitei332For AIR carboxylase activityBy similarity1
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei334Essential for AIR carboxylase activityBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDecarboxylase, Ligase, Lyase, Multifunctional enzyme
Biological processPurine biosynthesis
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00074;UER00130

UPA00074;UER00131

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Multifunctional protein ADE2
Including the following 2 domains:
Phosphoribosylaminoimidazole-succinocarboxamide synthase (EC:6.3.2.6)
Alternative name(s):
SAICAR synthetase
Phosphoribosylaminoimidazole carboxylase (EC:4.1.1.21)
Alternative name(s):
AIR carboxylase
Short name:
AIRC
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PAICS
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPongo abelii (Sumatran orangutan) (Pongo pygmaeus abelii)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9601 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaePongo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001595 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000750322 – 425Multifunctional protein ADE2Add BLAST424

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei2N-acetylalanineBy similarity1
Modified residuei22PhosphotyrosineBy similarity1
Modified residuei27PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei36N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei107PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei238PhosphothreonineBy similarity1
Modified residuei247N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei274PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q5RB59

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homooctamer.By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9601.ENSPPYP00000016477

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
Q5RB59

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni2 – 260SAICAR synthetaseAdd BLAST259
Regioni261 – 425AIR carboxylaseAdd BLAST165
Regioni261 – 266LinkerBy similarity6
Regioni267 – 425AIR carboxylaseBy similarityAdd BLAST159

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

In the N-terminal section; belongs to the SAICAR synthetase family.Curated
In the C-terminal section; belongs to the AIR carboxylase family. Class II subfamily.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2835 Eukaryota
COG0041 LUCA
COG0152 LUCA

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q5RB59

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01587

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
566769at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.50.7700, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_02045 PurE_classII, 1 hit
MF_00137 SAICAR_synth, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR033626 PurE_classII
IPR000031 PurE_dom
IPR035893 PurE_sf
IPR028923 SAICAR_synt/ADE2_N
IPR018236 SAICAR_synthetase_CS

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00731 AIRC, 1 hit
PF01259 SAICAR_synt, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01001 AIRC, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52255 SSF52255, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS01058 SAICAR_SYNTHETASE_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q5RB59-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MATAEVLNIG KKLYEGKTKE VYELLDSPGK VLLQSKDQIT AGNAARKNHL
60 70 80 90 100
EGKAAISNKI TSCIFQLLQE AGIKTAFTRK CGETAFIAPQ CEMIPIEWVC
110 120 130 140 150
GRIATGSFLK RNPGVKEGYK FYPPKVELFF KDDANNDPQW SAEQLIAAKF
160 170 180 190 200
CFAGLVIGQT EVDIMSHATQ AIFEILEKSW LPQNCTLVDM KIEFGVDVTT
210 220 230 240 250
KEIVLADVID NDSWRLWPSG DRSQQKDKQS YRDLKEVTPE GLQMVKKNFE
260 270 280 290 300
WVAERVELLL KSESQCRVVV LMGSTSDLGH CEKIKKACGN FGIPCELRVT
310 320 330 340 350
SAHKGPDETL RIKAEYEGDG IPTVFVAVAG RSNGLGPVMC GNTAYPVISC
360 370 380 390 400
PPLTPDWGAQ DVWSSLRLPS GLGCSTILSP EGSAQFAAQI FGLNNHLVWS
410 420
KLRASILNTW ISLKQADKKI RECNL
Length:425
Mass (Da):46,937
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i8EF27845011A5C9D
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CR858796 mRNA Translation: CAH91001.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001128995.1, NM_001135523.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
100190835

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
pon:100190835

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CR858796 mRNA Translation: CAH91001.1
RefSeqiNP_001128995.1, NM_001135523.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ5RB59
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9601.ENSPPYP00000016477

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ5RB59

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi100190835
KEGGipon:100190835

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
10606

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2835 Eukaryota
COG0041 LUCA
COG0152 LUCA
InParanoidiQ5RB59
KOiK01587
OrthoDBi566769at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00074;UER00130

UPA00074;UER00131

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.7700, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_02045 PurE_classII, 1 hit
MF_00137 SAICAR_synth, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR033626 PurE_classII
IPR000031 PurE_dom
IPR035893 PurE_sf
IPR028923 SAICAR_synt/ADE2_N
IPR018236 SAICAR_synthetase_CS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00731 AIRC, 1 hit
PF01259 SAICAR_synt, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01001 AIRC, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52255 SSF52255, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01058 SAICAR_SYNTHETASE_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPUR6_PONAB
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q5RB59
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 26, 2005
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 81 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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