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Entry version 67 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (21 Dec 2004)
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Protein

Metabotropic glutamate receptor 3

Gene

GRM3

Organism
Pongo abelii (Sumatran orangutan) (Pongo pygmaeus abelii)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

G-protein coupled receptor for glutamate. Ligand binding causes a conformation change that triggers signaling via guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) and modulates the activity of down-stream effectors. Signaling inhibits adenylate cyclase activity (By similarity).By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei151GlutamateBy similarity1
Binding sitei222GlutamateBy similarity1
Binding sitei301GlutamateBy similarity1
Binding sitei389GlutamateBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionG-protein coupled receptor, Receptor, Transducer

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Metabotropic glutamate receptor 3
Short name:
mGluR3
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GRM3
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPongo abelii (Sumatran orangutan) (Pongo pygmaeus abelii)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9601 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaePongo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001595 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini23 – 576ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST554
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei577 – 599Helical; Name=1Sequence analysisAdd BLAST23
Topological domaini600 – 613CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST14
Transmembranei614 – 634Helical; Name=2Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini635 – 645ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST11
Transmembranei646 – 664Helical; Name=3Sequence analysisAdd BLAST19
Topological domaini665 – 688CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST24
Transmembranei689 – 709Helical; Name=4Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini710 – 734ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST25
Transmembranei735 – 756Helical; Name=5Sequence analysisAdd BLAST22
Topological domaini757 – 769CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST13
Transmembranei770 – 792Helical; Name=6Sequence analysisAdd BLAST23
Topological domaini793 – 802ExtracellularSequence analysis10
Transmembranei803 – 828Helical; Name=7Sequence analysisAdd BLAST26
Topological domaini829 – 879CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST51

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 22Sequence analysisAdd BLAST22
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000004210523 – 879Metabotropic glutamate receptor 3Add BLAST857

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi57 ↔ 99By similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi209N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Disulfide bondi240 ↔ 527By similarity
Glycosylationi292N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Disulfide bondi361 ↔ 373By similarity
Disulfide bondi412 ↔ 419By similarity
Glycosylationi414N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi439N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Disulfide bondi509 ↔ 528By similarity
Disulfide bondi513 ↔ 531By similarity
Disulfide bondi534 ↔ 546By similarity
Disulfide bondi549 ↔ 562By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with GRASP.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9601.ENSPPYP00000020006

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q5RAL3

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni172 – 174Glutamate bindingBy similarity3

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1056 Eukaryota
ENOG410XR6W LUCA

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q5RAL3

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K04605

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1154468at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.10.50.30, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001828 ANF_lig-bd_rcpt
IPR000337 GPCR_3
IPR011500 GPCR_3_9-Cys_dom
IPR038550 GPCR_3_9-Cys_sf
IPR017978 GPCR_3_C
IPR017979 GPCR_3_CS
IPR000162 GPCR_3_mtglu_rcpt
IPR001234 GPCR_3_mtglu_rcpt_3
IPR028082 Peripla_BP_I

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00003 7tm_3, 1 hit
PF01094 ANF_receptor, 1 hit
PF07562 NCD3G, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00248 GPCRMGR
PR01053 MTABOTROPC3R
PR00593 MTABOTROPICR

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53822 SSF53822, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00979 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F3_1, 1 hit
PS00980 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F3_2, 1 hit
PS00981 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F3_3, 1 hit
PS50259 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F3_4, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q5RAL3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKMLTRLQVL TLALFSKGFL LSLGDHNFLR REIKIEGDLV LGGLFPINEK
60 70 80 90 100
GTGTEECGRI NEDRGIQRLE AMLFAIDEIN KDDYLLPGVE LGVHILDTCS
110 120 130 140 150
RDTYALEQSL EFVRASLTKV DEAEYMCPDG SYAIQENIPL LIAGVIGGSY
160 170 180 190 200
SSVSIQVANL LRLFQIPQIS YASTSAKLSD KSRYDYFART VPPDFYQAKA
210 220 230 240 250
MAEILRFFNW TYVSTVASEG DYGETGIEAF EQEARLRNIC IATAEKVGRS
260 270 280 290 300
NIRKSYDSVI RELLQKPNAR VVVLFMRSDD SRELIAAASR ANASFTWVAS
310 320 330 340 350
DGWGAQESII KGSEHVAYGA ITLELASQPV RQFDRYFQSL NPYNNHRNPW
360 370 380 390 400
FRDFWEQKFQ CSLQNKRNHR RVCDKHLAID SSNYEQESKI MFVVNAVYAM
410 420 430 440 450
AHALHKMQRT LCPNTTKLCD AMRILDGKKL YRDYLLKINF TAPFNPNKDA
460 470 480 490 500
DSIVKFDTFG DGMGRYNVFN FQNVGGKYSY LKVGHWAETL SLDVDSIHWS
510 520 530 540 550
RNSVPTSQCS DPCAPNEMKN MQPGDVCCWI CIPCEPYEYL ADEFTCMDCG
560 570 580 590 600
PGQWPTADLT GCYDLPEDYI RWEDAWVIGP VTIACLGFMC TCMVVTVFIK
610 620 630 640 650
HNNTPLVKAS GRELCYILLF GVGLSYCMTF FFIAKPSPVI CALRRLGLGS
660 670 680 690 700
SFAICYSALL TKTNCIARIF DGVKNGAQRP KFISPSSQVF ICLGLILVQI
710 720 730 740 750
VMVSVWLILE APGTRRYTLA EKRETVILKC NVKDSSMLIS LTYDVILVIL
760 770 780 790 800
CTVYAFKTRK CPENFNEAKF IGFTMYTTCI IWLAFLPIFY VTSSDYRVQT
810 820 830 840 850
TTMCISVSLS GFVVLGCLFA PKVHIILFQP QKNVVTHRLH LNRFSVSGTG
860 870
TTYSQSSAST YVPTVCNGRE VLDSTTSSL
Length:879
Mass (Da):98,975
Last modified:December 21, 2004 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i086005EDEAF5BA18
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CR859002 mRNA Translation: CAH91197.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001125703.1, NM_001132231.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
100172627

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
pon:100172627

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CR859002 mRNA Translation: CAH91197.1
RefSeqiNP_001125703.1, NM_001132231.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ5RAL3
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9601.ENSPPYP00000020006

Protein family/group databases

Information system for G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs)

More...
GPCRDBi
Search...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi100172627
KEGGipon:100172627

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
2913

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1056 Eukaryota
ENOG410XR6W LUCA
InParanoidiQ5RAL3
KOiK04605
OrthoDBi1154468at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.10.50.30, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001828 ANF_lig-bd_rcpt
IPR000337 GPCR_3
IPR011500 GPCR_3_9-Cys_dom
IPR038550 GPCR_3_9-Cys_sf
IPR017978 GPCR_3_C
IPR017979 GPCR_3_CS
IPR000162 GPCR_3_mtglu_rcpt
IPR001234 GPCR_3_mtglu_rcpt_3
IPR028082 Peripla_BP_I
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00003 7tm_3, 1 hit
PF01094 ANF_receptor, 1 hit
PF07562 NCD3G, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00248 GPCRMGR
PR01053 MTABOTROPC3R
PR00593 MTABOTROPICR
SUPFAMiSSF53822 SSF53822, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00979 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F3_1, 1 hit
PS00980 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F3_2, 1 hit
PS00981 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F3_3, 1 hit
PS50259 G_PROTEIN_RECEP_F3_4, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGRM3_PONAB
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q5RAL3
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 27, 2005
Last sequence update: December 21, 2004
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 67 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. 7-transmembrane G-linked receptors
    List of 7-transmembrane G-linked receptor entries
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