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Entry version 88 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (21 Dec 2004)
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Protein

Autophagy-related protein 16-1

Gene

ATG16L1

Organism
Pongo abelii (Sumatran orangutan) (Pongo pygmaeus abelii)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Plays an essential role in autophagy: interacts with ATG12-ATG5 to mediate the conjugation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) to LC3 (MAP1LC3A, MAP1LC3B or MAP1LC3C), to produce a membrane-bound activated form of LC3 named LC3-II. Thereby, controls the elongation of the nascent autophagosomal membrane. Regulates mitochondrial antiviral signaling (MAVS)-dependent type I interferon (IFN-I) production. Negatively regulates NOD1- and NOD2-driven inflammatory cytokine response. Instead, promotes with NOD2 an autophagy-dependent antibacterial pathway. Plays a role in regulating morphology and function of Paneth cell.By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processAutophagy, Protein transport, Transport

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Autophagy-related protein 16-1
Alternative name(s):
APG16-like 1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ATG16L1
Synonyms:APG16L
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPongo abelii (Sumatran orangutan) (Pongo pygmaeus abelii)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9601 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaePongo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001595 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000508501 – 607Autophagy-related protein 16-1Add BLAST607

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei139PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei269PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei287PhosphoserineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Proteolytic cleavage by activated CASP3 leads to degradation and may regulate autophagy upon cellular stress and apoptotic stimuli.By similarity
Phosphorylation at Ser-139 promotes association with the ATG12-ATG5 conjugate to form the ATG12-ATG5-ATG16L1 complex.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q5RAC9

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer (By similarity). Homooligomer (By similarity).

Interacts with WIPI1.

Interacts with WIPI2.

Interacts with RB1CC1; the interaction is required for ULK1 complex-dependent autophagy.

Interacts with ATG5. Part of either the minor and major complexes respectively composed of 4 sets of ATG12-ATG5 and ATG16L1 (400 kDa) or 8 sets of ATG12-ATG5 and ATG16L1 (800 kDa).

Interacts with RAB33B.

Interacts (via WD repeats) with TMEM59; the interaction mediates unconventional autophagic activity of TMEM59.

Interacts with TLR2 and NOD2.

Interacts (via WD repeats) with MEFV.

Interacts with PPP1CA; the interaction dephosphorylates ATG16L1 causing dissociation of ATG12-ATG5-ATG16L1 complex.

Interacts (via N-terminal) with CLTC.

Interacts with NOD2.

Interacts with TUFM.

Interacts with TRIM16.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9601.ENSPPYP00000014856

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q5RAC9

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section indicates the positions and types of repeated sequence motifs or repeated domains within the protein.<p><a href='/help/repeat' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Repeati320 – 359WD 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST40
Repeati364 – 403WD 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST40
Repeati406 – 445WD 3PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST40
Repeati447 – 484WD 4PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST38
Repeati486 – 525WD 5PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST40
Repeati532 – 573WD 6PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST42
Repeati575 – 607WD 7PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST33

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni13 – 43Interaction with ATG5By similarityAdd BLAST31
Regioni207 – 230WIPI2-bindingBy similarityAdd BLAST24
Regioni230 – 242RB1CC1-bindingBy similarityAdd BLAST13

Coiled coil

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section denotes the positions of regions of coiled coil within the protein.<p><a href='/help/coiled' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Coiled coili79 – 230Sequence analysisAdd BLAST152

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi296 – 299Caspase cleavage4

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the WD repeat ATG16 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coil, Repeat, WD repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0288 Eukaryota
ENOG410XQYA LUCA

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q5RAC9

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K17890

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
404224at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.130.10.10, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013923 Autophagy-rel_prot_16
IPR020472 G-protein_beta_WD-40_rep
IPR015943 WD40/YVTN_repeat-like_dom_sf
IPR001680 WD40_repeat
IPR019775 WD40_repeat_CS
IPR017986 WD40_repeat_dom
IPR036322 WD40_repeat_dom_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF08614 ATG16, 1 hit
PF00400 WD40, 4 hits

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00320 GPROTEINBRPT

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00320 WD40, 7 hits

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF50978 SSF50978, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00678 WD_REPEATS_1, 2 hits
PS50082 WD_REPEATS_2, 5 hits
PS50294 WD_REPEATS_REGION, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q5RAC9-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSSGLRAADF PRWKRHISEQ LRRRDRLQRQ AFEEIILQYN KLLEKSDLHS
60 70 80 90 100
VLAQKLQAEK HDVPNRHEIS PGHDGTWNDS QLQEMAQLRI KHQEELTELH
110 120 130 140 150
KKRGELAQLV IDLNNQMQRK DREMQMNEAK IAECLQTISD LETECLDLRT
160 170 180 190 200
KLCDLERANQ TLKDEYDALQ ITFTALEGKL RKTTEENQEL VTRWMAEKAQ
210 220 230 240 250
EANRLNAENE KDSRRRQARL QKELAEAAKE PLPVEQDDDI EVIVDETSDH
260 270 280 290 300
TEETSPVRAI SRAATKRLSQ PAGGLLDSIT NIFGRRSVSS FPVPQDNVDT
310 320 330 340 350
HPGSGKEVRV PTTALCVFDA HDGEVNAVQF SPGSRLLATG GMDRRVKLWE
360 370 380 390 400
VFGEKCEFKG SLSGSNAGIT SIEFDSAGSY LLAASNDFAS RIWTVDDSRL
410 420 430 440 450
RHTLTGHSGK VLSAKFLLDN ARIVSGSHDR TLKHWDLRSK VCIKTVFAGS
460 470 480 490 500
SCNDIVCTEQ CVMSGHFDKK IRFWDIRSES IVREMELLGK ITALDLNPER
510 520 530 540 550
TELLSCSRDD LLKVIDLRTN AIKQTFSAPG FKCGSDWTRV VFSPDGSYVA
560 570 580 590 600
AGSAEGSLYT WSVLTGKVEK VLSKQHSSSI NAVAWSPSGL HVVSVDKGCK

AVLWAQY
Length:607
Mass (Da):68,230
Last modified:December 21, 2004 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iF0951C0720F2B213
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CR859089 mRNA Translation: CAH91281.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001125757.1, NM_001132285.2

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
100172682

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
pon:100172682

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CR859089 mRNA Translation: CAH91281.1
RefSeqiNP_001125757.1, NM_001132285.2

3D structure databases

SMRiQ5RAC9
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9601.ENSPPYP00000014856

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ5RAC9

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi100172682
KEGGipon:100172682

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
55054

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0288 Eukaryota
ENOG410XQYA LUCA
InParanoidiQ5RAC9
KOiK17890
OrthoDBi404224at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.130.10.10, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013923 Autophagy-rel_prot_16
IPR020472 G-protein_beta_WD-40_rep
IPR015943 WD40/YVTN_repeat-like_dom_sf
IPR001680 WD40_repeat
IPR019775 WD40_repeat_CS
IPR017986 WD40_repeat_dom
IPR036322 WD40_repeat_dom_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF08614 ATG16, 1 hit
PF00400 WD40, 4 hits
PRINTSiPR00320 GPROTEINBRPT
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00320 WD40, 7 hits
SUPFAMiSSF50978 SSF50978, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00678 WD_REPEATS_1, 2 hits
PS50082 WD_REPEATS_2, 5 hits
PS50294 WD_REPEATS_REGION, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiA16L1_PONAB
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q5RAC9
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 12, 2005
Last sequence update: December 21, 2004
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 88 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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