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Entry version 96 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 2 (05 May 2009)
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Protein

Neurofilament light polypeptide

Gene

NEFL

Organism
Pongo abelii (Sumatran orangutan) (Pongo pygmaeus abelii)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Neurofilaments usually contain three intermediate filament proteins: NEFL, NEFM, and NEFH which are involved in the maintenance of neuronal caliber. May additionally cooperate with the neuronal intermediate filament proteins PRPH and INA to form neuronal filamentous networks (By similarity).

By similarity

Miscellaneous

NF-L is the most abundant of the three neurofilament proteins and, like the other nonepithelial intermediate filament proteins, it can form homomeric 10-nm filaments.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Neurofilament light polypeptide
Short name:
NF-L
Alternative name(s):
Neurofilament triplet L protein
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:NEFL
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPongo abelii (Sumatran orangutan) (Pongo pygmaeus abelii)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9601 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaePongo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001595 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 8

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell projection, Cytoplasm, Cytoskeleton, Intermediate filament

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003737992 – 543Neurofilament light polypeptideAdd BLAST542

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei2N-acetylserineBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi21O-linked (GlcNAc) threonineBy similarity1
Modified residuei23Asymmetric dimethylarginine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei23Omega-N-methylarginine; alternateBy similarity1
Glycosylationi27O-linked (GlcNAc) serineBy similarity1
Modified residuei30Omega-N-methylarginineBy similarity1
Modified residuei43PhosphotyrosineBy similarity1
Modified residuei56PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei67PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei103PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei472PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei502PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei520PhosphothreonineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated in the head and rod regions by the PKC kinase PKN1, leading to the inhibition of polymerization.By similarity
Ubiquitinated in the presence of TRIM2 and UBE2D1.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Glycoprotein, Methylation, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q5R408

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Forms homodimers (in vitro) (By similarity). Forms heterodimers with NEFH or NEFM; which can further hetero-oligomerize (in vitro) (By similarity). Forms heterodimers with INA (in vitro) (By similarity).

Interacts with ARHGEF28.

Interacts with TRIM2.

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9601.ENSPPYP00000020675

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q5R408

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini90 – 400IF rodPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST311

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni2 – 92HeadBy similarityAdd BLAST91
Regioni93 – 124Coil 1ABy similarityAdd BLAST32
Regioni125 – 137Linker 1By similarityAdd BLAST13
Regioni138 – 234Coil 1BBy similarityAdd BLAST97
Regioni235 – 252Linker 12By similarityAdd BLAST18
Regioni253 – 271Coil 2ABy similarityAdd BLAST19
Regioni272 – 280Linker 2By similarity9
Regioni281 – 396Coil 2BBy similarityAdd BLAST116
Regioni397 – 543TailBy similarityAdd BLAST147
Regioni397 – 443Tail, subdomain ABy similarityAdd BLAST47
Regioni444 – 543Tail, subdomain B (acidic)By similarityAdd BLAST100
Regioni462 – 543DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST82

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular type of amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi470 – 522Acidic residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST53
Compositional biasi523 – 543Basic and acidic residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST21

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the intermediate filament family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coil

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG502QSXY, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000156208

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_012560_7_3_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q5R408

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
SFPAYYS

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
655109at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF330122

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.20.5.1160, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR018039, IF_conserved
IPR039008, IF_rod_dom
IPR042180, IF_rod_dom_coil1B
IPR006821, Intermed_filament_DNA-bd
IPR027692, NF-L

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR45652:SF8, PTHR45652:SF8, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00038, Filament, 1 hit
PF04732, Filament_head, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01391, Filament, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00226, IF_ROD_1, 1 hit
PS51842, IF_ROD_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q5R408-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSSFSYEPYY STSYKRRYVE TPRVHISSVR SGYSTARSAY SSYSAPVSSS
60 70 80 90 100
LSVRRSYSSS SGSLMPSLEN LDLSQVAAIS NDLKSIRTQE KAQLQDLNDR
110 120 130 140 150
FASFIERVHE LEQQNKVLEA ELLVLRQKHS EPSRFRALYE QEIRDLRLAA
160 170 180 190 200
EDATNEKQAL QGEREGLEET LRNLQARYEE EVLSREDAEG RLMEARKGAD
210 220 230 240 250
EAALARAELE KRIDSLMDEI SFLKKVHEEE IAELQAQIQY AQISVEMDVT
260 270 280 290 300
KPDLSAALKD IRAQYEKLAA KNMQNAEEWF KSRFTVLTES AAKNTDAVRA
310 320 330 340 350
AKDEVSESRR LLKAKTLEIE ACRGMNEALE KQLQELEDKQ NADISAMQDT
360 370 380 390 400
INKLENELRT TKSEMARYLK EYQDLLNVKM ALDIEIAAYR KLLEGEETRL
410 420 430 440 450
SFTSVGSITS GYSQSSQVFG RSAYGGLQTS SYLMSTRSFP SYYTSHVQEE
460 470 480 490 500
QIEVEETIEA AKAEEAKDEP PSEGEAEEEE KDKEEAEEEE AAEEEEAAKE
510 520 530 540
ESEEAKEEEE GGEGEEGEET KEAEEEEKKV EGAGEEQAAK KKD
Length:543
Mass (Da):61,517
Last modified:May 5, 2009 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i98C1712D8ACFF33A
GO

<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence CAH92515 differs from that shown. Reason: Frameshift.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti10Y → H in CAH92552 (Ref. 1) Curated1
Sequence conflicti31S → R in CAH92515 (Ref. 1) Curated1
Sequence conflicti94L → V in CAH92515 (Ref. 1) Curated1
Sequence conflicti153A → T in CAH93508 (Ref. 1) Curated1
Sequence conflicti206R → H in CAH93508 (Ref. 1) Curated1
Sequence conflicti389Y → C in CAH93508 (Ref. 1) Curated1
Sequence conflicti540K → R in CAH92552 (Ref. 1) Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CR860389 mRNA Translation: CAH92515.1 Frameshift.
CR860427 mRNA Translation: CAH92552.1
CR860605 mRNA Translation: CAH92727.1
CR861452 mRNA Translation: CAH93508.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001126494.1, NM_001133022.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSPPYT00000021504; ENSPPYP00000020675; ENSPPYG00000018449

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
100173482

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
pon:100173482

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CR860389 mRNA Translation: CAH92515.1 Frameshift.
CR860427 mRNA Translation: CAH92552.1
CR860605 mRNA Translation: CAH92727.1
CR861452 mRNA Translation: CAH93508.1
RefSeqiNP_001126494.1, NM_001133022.2

3D structure databases

SMRiQ5R408
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9601.ENSPPYP00000020675

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ5R408

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSPPYT00000021504; ENSPPYP00000020675; ENSPPYG00000018449
GeneIDi100173482
KEGGipon:100173482

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
4747

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG502QSXY, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000156208
HOGENOMiCLU_012560_7_3_1
InParanoidiQ5R408
OMAiSFPAYYS
OrthoDBi655109at2759
TreeFamiTF330122

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.20.5.1160, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR018039, IF_conserved
IPR039008, IF_rod_dom
IPR042180, IF_rod_dom_coil1B
IPR006821, Intermed_filament_DNA-bd
IPR027692, NF-L
PANTHERiPTHR45652:SF8, PTHR45652:SF8, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00038, Filament, 1 hit
PF04732, Filament_head, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01391, Filament, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00226, IF_ROD_1, 1 hit
PS51842, IF_ROD_2, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiNFL_PONAB
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q5R408
Secondary accession number(s): Q5R689, Q5R6Q8, Q5R6U5
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 5, 2009
Last sequence update: May 5, 2009
Last modified: June 2, 2021
This is version 96 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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