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Protein

Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-2

Gene

CHRNA2

Organism
Pan troglodytes (Chimpanzee)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

After binding acetylcholine, the AChR responds by an extensive change in conformation that affects all subunits and leads to opening of an ion-conducting channel across the plasma membrane.By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionIon channel, Ligand-gated ion channel, Receptor
Biological processIon transport, Transport

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CHRNA2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPan troglodytes (Chimpanzee)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9598 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaePan
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002277 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 8

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:7589 CHRNA2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini27 – 264ExtracellularAdd BLAST238
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei265 – 289HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST25
Transmembranei297 – 315HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST19
Transmembranei331 – 352HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST22
Topological domaini353 – 502CytoplasmicAdd BLAST150
Transmembranei503 – 521HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST19

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell junction, Cell membrane, Membrane, Postsynaptic cell membrane, Synapse

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 26Sequence analysisAdd BLAST26
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000000034227 – 529Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-2Add BLAST503

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi79N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi129N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi183 ↔ 197By similarity
Glycosylationi235N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Disulfide bondi247 ↔ 248Associated with receptor activationBy similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q5IS52

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSPTRG00000020105 Expressed in 2 organ(s), highest expression level in prefrontal cortex

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Neuronal AChR seems to be composed of two different types of subunits: alpha and non-alpha (beta). Alpha-2 subunit can be combined to beta-2 or beta-4 to give rise to functional receptors. The alpha-2:beta-2 nAChR complex is proposed to be a heteropentamer with two subtypes: LS (low agonist sensitivity) with a (alpha-2)3:(beta-2)2 and HS (high agonist sensitivity) with a (alpha-2)2:(beta-2)3 stoichiometry; the subtypes differ in their subunit binding interfaces which are involved in ligand binding (By similarity).By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9598.ENSPTRP00000034420

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q5IS52

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3645 Eukaryota
ENOG410XQGR LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000158299

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000006756

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG003756

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q5IS52

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K04804

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
SYHWLET

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG091G0R20

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF315605

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.70.170.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR006202 Neur_chan_lig-bd
IPR036734 Neur_chan_lig-bd_sf
IPR006201 Neur_channel
IPR036719 Neuro-gated_channel_TM_sf
IPR006029 Neurotrans-gated_channel_TM
IPR018000 Neurotransmitter_ion_chnl_CS
IPR002394 Nicotinic_acetylcholine_rcpt

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR18945 PTHR18945, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02931 Neur_chan_LBD, 1 hit
PF02932 Neur_chan_memb, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00254 NICOTINICR
PR00252 NRIONCHANNEL

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF63712 SSF63712, 1 hit
SSF90112 SSF90112, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00860 LIC, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00236 NEUROTR_ION_CHANNEL, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q5IS52-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGPSCPVFLS FTKLSLWWLL LTPAGGEEAK RPPPRAPGDP LSSPSPTALP
60 70 80 90 100
QGGSHTETED RLFKHLFRGY NRWARPVPNT SDVVIVRFGL SIAQLIDVDE
110 120 130 140 150
KNQMMTTNVW LKQEWSDYKL RWNPADFGNI TSLRVPSEMI WIPDIVLYNN
160 170 180 190 200
ADGEFAVTHM TKAHLFSTGT VHWVPPAIYK SSCSIDVTFF PFDQQNCKMK
210 220 230 240 250
FGSWTYDKAK IDLEQMEQTV DLKDYWESGE WAIVNATGTY NSKKYDCCAE
260 270 280 290 300
IYPDVTYAFI IRRLPLFYTI NLIIPCLLIS CLTVLVFYLP SNCGEKITLC
310 320 330 340 350
ISVLLSLTVF LLLITEIIPS TSLVIPLIGE YLLFTMIFVT LSIVITVFVL
360 370 380 390 400
NVHHRSPSTH TMPHWVRGTL LGCVPRWLLM NRPPPPLELC HPLHLKLSPS
410 420 430 440 450
YHWLESNVDA EEREVVVEEE DRWACAGHVA PSVGTLCSHG HLHSGASGPK
460 470 480 490 500
AEALLQEGEL LLSPHMQKAL EGVHYIADHL RSEDADSSVK EDWKYVAMVI
510 520
DRIFLWLFII VCFLGTIGLF LPPFLAGMI
Length:529
Mass (Da):59,773
Last modified:February 15, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iDCE98F58DC06EDDC
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY665276 mRNA Translation: AAV74314.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001029107.1, NM_001033935.1
XP_009453308.1, XM_009455033.2

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Ptr.6123

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSPTRT00000037245; ENSPTRP00000034420; ENSPTRG00000020105

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
472725

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ptr:472725

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY665276 mRNA Translation: AAV74314.1
RefSeqiNP_001029107.1, NM_001033935.1
XP_009453308.1, XM_009455033.2
UniGeneiPtr.6123

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ5IS52
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9598.ENSPTRP00000034420

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ5IS52

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSPTRT00000037245; ENSPTRP00000034420; ENSPTRG00000020105
GeneIDi472725
KEGGiptr:472725

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
1135
VGNCiVGNC:7589 CHRNA2

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3645 Eukaryota
ENOG410XQGR LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000158299
HOGENOMiHOG000006756
HOVERGENiHBG003756
InParanoidiQ5IS52
KOiK04804
OMAiSYHWLET
OrthoDBiEOG091G0R20
TreeFamiTF315605

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSPTRG00000020105 Expressed in 2 organ(s), highest expression level in prefrontal cortex

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.70.170.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR006202 Neur_chan_lig-bd
IPR036734 Neur_chan_lig-bd_sf
IPR006201 Neur_channel
IPR036719 Neuro-gated_channel_TM_sf
IPR006029 Neurotrans-gated_channel_TM
IPR018000 Neurotransmitter_ion_chnl_CS
IPR002394 Nicotinic_acetylcholine_rcpt
PANTHERiPTHR18945 PTHR18945, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02931 Neur_chan_LBD, 1 hit
PF02932 Neur_chan_memb, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00254 NICOTINICR
PR00252 NRIONCHANNEL
SUPFAMiSSF63712 SSF63712, 1 hit
SSF90112 SSF90112, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00860 LIC, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00236 NEUROTR_ION_CHANNEL, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiACHA2_PANTR
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q5IS52
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 15, 2005
Last sequence update: February 15, 2005
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 98 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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