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Entry version 113 (16 Jan 2019)
Sequence version 1 (15 Feb 2005)
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Protein

Glycine--tRNA ligase

Gene

Gars

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the ligation of glycine to the 3'-end of its cognate tRNA. Is also able produce diadenosine tetraphosphate (Ap4A), a universal pleiotropic signaling molecule needed for cell regulation pathways, by direct condensation of 2 ATPs (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei111SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei197SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei333SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei333Substrate; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi229 – 231ATPBy similarity3
Nucleotide bindingi239 – 244ATPBy similarity6
Nucleotide bindingi355 – 356ATPBy similarity2
Nucleotide bindingi478 – 481ATPBy similarity4

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, Hydrolase, Ligase
Biological processProtein biosynthesis
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glycine--tRNA ligaseBy similarity (EC:3.6.1.17, EC:6.1.1.14)
Alternative name(s):
Diadenosine tetraphosphate synthetase
Short name:
AP-4-A synthetase
Glycyl-tRNA synthetaseBy similarity
Short name:
GlyRSBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GarsImported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
1307856 Gars

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell projection, Cytoplasm, Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_0000365479‹1 – 637Glycine--tRNA ligaseAdd BLAST›637

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei102N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei351PhosphotyrosineBy similarity1
Modified residuei399N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei598PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei634PhosphothreonineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
Q5I0G4

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q5I0G4

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q5I0G4

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q5I0G4

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q5I0G4

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q5I0G4

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q5I0G4, 2 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000014780

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q5I0G4

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q5I0G4

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini‹1 – 17WHEP-TRSPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST›17

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni244 – 248Substrate bindingBy similarity5
Regioni474 – 478Substrate bindingBy similarity5

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the class-II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family.Sequence analysis

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2298 Eukaryota
COG0423 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000242015

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG036190

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q5I0G4

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q5I0G4

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00774 GlyRS-like_core, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.50.800, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002314 aa-tRNA-synt_IIb
IPR006195 aa-tRNA-synth_II
IPR004154 Anticodon-bd
IPR036621 Anticodon-bd_dom_sf
IPR027031 Gly-tRNA_synthase/POLG2
IPR033731 GlyRS-like_core
IPR002315 tRNA-synt_gly

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10745 PTHR10745, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF03129 HGTP_anticodon, 1 hit
PF00587 tRNA-synt_2b, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01043 TRNASYNTHGLY

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00389 glyS_dimeric, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50862 AA_TRNA_LIGASE_II, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Fragment.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q5I0G4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
RVLEAKELAL QPKDDIVDRA KMEDTLKRRF FYDQAFAIYG GVSGLYDFGP
60 70 80 90 100
VGCALKNNII QTWRQHFIQE EQILEIDCTM LTPEPVLKTS GHVDKFADFM
110 120 130 140 150
VKDVKNGECF RADHLLKAHL QKLMSDKKCS AEKKSEMESV LAQLDNYGQQ
160 170 180 190 200
ELADLFVNYN VKSPTTGNDL SPPVPFNLMF QTFIGPGGNM PGYLRPETAQ
210 220 230 240 250
GIFLNFKRLL EFNQGKLPFA AAQIGNSFRN EISPRSGLIR VREFTMAEIE
260 270 280 290 300
HFVDPTEKDH PKFPSVADLY LYLYSAKAQV TGQSARKMRL GDAVEQGVIN
310 320 330 340 350
NSVLGYFIGR IYLYLTKVGI SPDKLRFRQH MENEMAHYAC DCWDAESKTS
360 370 380 390 400
YGWIEIVGCA DRSCYDLSCH ARATKVPLVA EKPLKEPKTV NVVQFEPNKG
410 420 430 440 450
AVGKAYKKDA KLVLEYLGAC DECYITEMEL LLSEKGEFTI ETEGKTFQLT
460 470 480 490 500
KDMVSVKRFQ KTLHVEEVVP SVIEPSFGLG RIMYTILEHT FHVREGDEQR
510 520 530 540 550
TFFSFPAVVA PFKCSVLPLS QNQEFMPFVK ELSEALTRNG VSHKVDDSSG
560 570 580 590 600
SIGRRYARTD EIGVAFGITI DFDTVNKTPH TATLRDRDSM RQIRAEVSEL
610 620 630
PSVVRDLANG NITWADVEAR YPLFEGQETG KKETVEE
Length:637
Mass (Da):72,030
Last modified:February 15, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i64D5DE64A4DAE291
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
G3V7G8G3V7G8_RAT
Glycine--tRNA ligase
Gars rCG_52516
728Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section is used for sequence fragments to indicate that the residue at the extremity of the sequence is not the actual terminal residue in the complete protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/non_ter' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Non-terminal residuei1Imported1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC088347 mRNA Translation: AAH88347.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Rn.3338

Genome annotation databases

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:1307856 rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC088347 mRNA Translation: AAH88347.1
UniGeneiRn.3338

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ5I0G4
SMRiQ5I0G4
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiQ5I0G4, 2 interactors
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000014780

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ5I0G4
PhosphoSitePlusiQ5I0G4

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiQ5I0G4
PaxDbiQ5I0G4
PeptideAtlasiQ5I0G4
PRIDEiQ5I0G4

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

UCSCiRGD:1307856 rat

Organism-specific databases

RGDi1307856 Gars

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2298 Eukaryota
COG0423 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000242015
HOVERGENiHBG036190
InParanoidiQ5I0G4
PhylomeDBiQ5I0G4

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00774 GlyRS-like_core, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.40.50.800, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002314 aa-tRNA-synt_IIb
IPR006195 aa-tRNA-synth_II
IPR004154 Anticodon-bd
IPR036621 Anticodon-bd_dom_sf
IPR027031 Gly-tRNA_synthase/POLG2
IPR033731 GlyRS-like_core
IPR002315 tRNA-synt_gly
PANTHERiPTHR10745 PTHR10745, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF03129 HGTP_anticodon, 1 hit
PF00587 tRNA-synt_2b, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01043 TRNASYNTHGLY
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00389 glyS_dimeric, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50862 AA_TRNA_LIGASE_II, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGARS_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q5I0G4
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 3, 2009
Last sequence update: February 15, 2005
Last modified: January 16, 2019
This is version 113 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases
    List of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase entries
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