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Entry version 87 (25 May 2022)
Sequence version 1 (01 Nov 1996)
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Protein

2-methyleneglutarate mutase

Gene

mgm

Organism
Eubacterium barkeri (Clostridium barkeri)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the fermentation of nicotinate to ammonia, propionate, acetate and carbon dioxide.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

adenosylcob(III)alamin5 Publications, cob(II)alamin5 PublicationsNote: Contains a mixture of adenosylcobalamin and oxygen-stable cob(II)alamin.5 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Inhibited by intrinsic factor and iodoacetic acid. Competitively inhibited by itaconate, mesaconate, succinate, 1-methyl-1,2-trans-clycopropane, dicarboxylate and L-malate. Non-competitively inhibited by glutaconate and 1-methyl-1,2-cis-cyclopropanedicarboxylate. Not inhibited by acrylate or by the chelating agents alpha,alpha-dipyridyl or EDTA. Not activated by Fe2+, Mg2+, Mn2+ or Ca2+. Unaffected by K+, Na+, NH4+, Rb+ or Li+.2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>pH dependencei

Activity decreases rapidly below pH 7.5 in phosphate buffer, and below pH 8.0 in Tris buffer.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: nicotinate degradation

This protein is involved in step 5 of the subpathway that synthesizes propanoate and pyruvate from 6-hydroxynicotinate.1 Publication This subpathway is part of the pathway nicotinate degradation, which is itself part of Cofactor degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes propanoate and pyruvate from 6-hydroxynicotinate, the pathway nicotinate degradation and in Cofactor degradation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi485Cobalt (adenosylcob(III)alamin axial ligand)By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionIsomerase
LigandCobalamin, Cobalt, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA01010;UER01016

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
2-methyleneglutarate mutase (EC:5.4.99.4)
Alternative name(s):
Alpha-methyleneglutarate mutase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:mgm
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEubacterium barkeri (Clostridium barkeri)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri1528 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesClostridiaEubacterialesEubacteriaceaeEubacterium

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi464H → Q: No effect on activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi483D → N: Activity reduced 2000-fold. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi485H → Q: Loss of activity. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000964641 – 6142-methyleneglutarate mutaseAdd BLAST614

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By nicotinate.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.

1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
1528.SAMN04488579_1129

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

AlphaFold Protein Structure Database

More...
AlphaFoldDBi
Q59268

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q59268

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini472 – 614B12-bindingPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST143

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR006159, Acid_CoA_mut_C
IPR016176, Cbl-dep_enz_cat
IPR006158, Cobalamin-bd
IPR036724, Cobalamin-bd_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02310, B12-binding, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51703, SSF51703, 1 hit
SSF52242, SSF52242, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00640, acid_CoA_mut_C, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51332, B12_BINDING, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q59268-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MQEKTKRIIK EDIEAVRAYS DCFDVEMPDL DENGEVIGLP APYPREVAGT
60 70 80 90 100
VRSGYRIYDL AKKAKERGWP IQNPILGRNT AEETYGESQE MYAYADKFDE
110 120 130 140 150
TLFHFVHAEA TRHIDPLKGR ELINQSRGKG GITPIGEREF IAMGGGSKHP
160 170 180 190 200
VRINATGDTP HLSIINALIA GFDGTDIGPV IHVHFGGRGI HDYKTKVVNG
210 220 230 240 250
YKAIQICAEN NIFVQLDSHK HLNNIGGTDG MALAMCLLSE GLAVHAGLPW
260 270 280 290 300
ELSAIQMNVA GINIYADLAV MRAFRKACHS KSIIAVPETF QNPPGNLVAE
310 320 330 340 350
AAHFSRMAVT AKLGGADFYR PKAAESVGIP TGDSMGQAIW GTEDVFGHVV
360 370 380 390 400
NPDIQSPVID AREAEIIDEA LAVLEATLHL EGLTLEAMTD DFWKQWSDEA
410 420 430 440 450
LIDLIVAAGK AGVLDSQRAA GWDLKRHVVV NRDKDGITRY VKGYTPLGVD
460 470 480 490 500
ASRCAQSDED VEVHVEKAPT RPEKIVLATV GADAHVNGIN VIREAFQDAG
510 520 530 540 550
YDVVYLRGMN LPESVAEVAA EVGADAVGVS NLLGLGMELF PRVSKRLEEL
560 570 580 590 600
GLRDKMVVCA GGRIAEKEEE HRQFEEKIQK EGSAFMGMDG FFGPGSSPED
610
CVKIIGDMIN AKKA
Length:614
Mass (Da):66,750
Last modified:November 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i37B78FEB06A4A3D1
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti97K → W AA sequence (PubMed:8168499).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X77484 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA54625.1
DQ310789 Genomic DNA Translation: ABC88403.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S43237

Genome annotation databases

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ag:CAA54625

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X77484 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA54625.1
DQ310789 Genomic DNA Translation: ABC88403.1
PIRiS43237

3D structure databases

AlphaFoldDBiQ59268
SMRiQ59268
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi1528.SAMN04488579_1129

Genome annotation databases

KEGGiag:CAA54625

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA01010;UER01016

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR006159, Acid_CoA_mut_C
IPR016176, Cbl-dep_enz_cat
IPR006158, Cobalamin-bd
IPR036724, Cobalamin-bd_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02310, B12-binding, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51703, SSF51703, 1 hit
SSF52242, SSF52242, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00640, acid_CoA_mut_C, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51332, B12_BINDING, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiMGM_EUBBA
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q59268
Secondary accession number(s): Q0QLE7
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 28, 2002
Last sequence update: November 1, 1996
Last modified: May 25, 2022
This is version 87 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Direct protein sequencing

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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