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Entry version 103 (02 Dec 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Nov 1996)
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Protein

FAD synthase

Gene

ribL

Organism
Methanocaldococcus jannaschii (strain ATCC 43067 / DSM 2661 / JAL-1 / JCM 10045 / NBRC 100440) (Methanococcus jannaschii)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the transfer of the AMP portion of ATP to flavin mononucleotide (FMN) to produce flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) coenzyme. To a lesser extent, is also able to utilize other nucleotides such as CTP and GTP as substrates, producing the modified coenzymes, flavin cytosine dinucleotide (FCD) and flavin guanine dinucleotide (FGD), respectively. Does not catalyze the reverse reaction to produce FMN and ATP from FAD and PPi. Does not function as a glycerol-3-phosphate cytidylyltransferase, as previously annotated in the complete genome.

1 Publication

Miscellaneous

Alkylation of both Cys-126 and Cys-143 results in complete loss of enzymatic activity.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Co2+1 PublicationNote: Divalent metal cations. The best activity is observed with Co2+, where the activity is 4 and 2.5 times greater than that with Mg2+ and Mn2+, respectively.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Is inhibited by the product PPi.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=25 µM for ATP1 Publication
  2. KM=63 µM for FMN1 Publication
  3. KM=480 µM for CTP1 Publication
  1. Vmax=14 nmol/min/mg enzyme with ATP and FMN as substrates1 Publication
  2. Vmax=10 nmol/min/mg enzyme with CTP and FMN as substrates1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: FAD biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes FAD from FMN.1 Publication This subpathway is part of the pathway FAD biosynthesis, which is itself part of Cofactor biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes FAD from FMN, the pathway FAD biosynthesis and in Cofactor biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei95ATPUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei123ATP; via amide nitrogenUniRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi10 – 11ATPUniRule annotation2
Nucleotide bindingi15 – 18ATPUniRule annotation4

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionNucleotidyltransferase, Transferase
LigandATP-binding, FAD, Flavoprotein, FMN, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

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BioCyci
MetaCyc:MONOMER-16487
MJAN243232:G1GKE-1278-MONOMER

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

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BRENDAi
2.7.7.2, 3260

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

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SABIO-RKi
Q58579

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

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UniPathwayi
UPA00277;UER00407

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
FAD synthaseUniRule annotation (EC:2.7.7.21 Publication)
Alternative name(s):
FMN adenylyltransferaseUniRule annotation
Flavin adenine dinucleotide synthaseUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ribL
Ordered Locus Names:MJ1179
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMethanocaldococcus jannaschii (strain ATCC 43067 / DSM 2661 / JAL-1 / JCM 10045 / NBRC 100440) (Methanococcus jannaschii)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri243232 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiArchaeaEuryarchaeotaMethanomada groupMethanococciMethanococcalesMethanocaldococcaceaeMethanocaldococcus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000805 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi126C → S: 2-fold increase in activity with Mg(2+) but loss of activity with Co(2+) as cofactor. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi143C → S: Nearly no change in activity with Mg(2+) but loss of activity with Co(2+) as cofactor. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001072021 – 149FAD synthaseAdd BLAST149

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
243232.MJ_1179

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
Q58579

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the archaeal FAD synthase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

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eggNOGi
arCOG01222, Archaea

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

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HOGENOMi
CLU_034585_2_1_2

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
Q58579

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
FAKKHAD

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
79845at2157

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

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PhylomeDBi
Q58579

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

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Gene3Di
3.40.50.620, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

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HAMAPi
MF_02115, FAD_synth_arch, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR004821, Cyt_trans-like
IPR024902, FAD_synth_RibL
IPR014729, Rossmann-like_a/b/a_fold

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01467, CTP_transf_like, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

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TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00125, cyt_tran_rel, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q58579-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKKRVVTAGT FDILHPGHYE ILKFAKSLGD ELIVIVARDE TVKKLKGRKP
60 70 80 90 100
IIPEEQRREM VEALKPVDKA ILGSLKNKLE PILELKPDII VLGPDQTTFD
110 120 130 140
EETLKKELAK YNLYPEIVRF RGYKKCPFHS SFDIVKEIIR RFCNKEIKI
Length:149
Mass (Da):17,288
Last modified:November 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i55FD11671ED94594
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

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DDBJi
Links Updated
L77117 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB99182.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

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PIRi
B64447

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
WP_010870692.1, NC_000909.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

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EnsemblBacteriai
AAB99182; AAB99182; MJ_1179

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

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GeneIDi
1452077

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mja:MJ_1179

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L77117 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB99182.1
PIRiB64447
RefSeqiWP_010870692.1, NC_000909.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ58579
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi243232.MJ_1179

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAB99182; AAB99182; MJ_1179
GeneIDi1452077
KEGGimja:MJ_1179

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiarCOG01222, Archaea
HOGENOMiCLU_034585_2_1_2
InParanoidiQ58579
OMAiFAKKHAD
OrthoDBi79845at2157
PhylomeDBiQ58579

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00277;UER00407
BioCyciMetaCyc:MONOMER-16487
MJAN243232:G1GKE-1278-MONOMER
BRENDAi2.7.7.2, 3260
SABIO-RKiQ58579

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.620, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_02115, FAD_synth_arch, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR004821, Cyt_trans-like
IPR024902, FAD_synth_RibL
IPR014729, Rossmann-like_a/b/a_fold
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01467, CTP_transf_like, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00125, cyt_tran_rel, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiRIBL_METJA
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q58579
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 16, 2004
Last sequence update: November 1, 1996
Last modified: December 2, 2020
This is version 103 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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