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Entry version 99 (31 Jul 2019)
Sequence version 1 (10 May 2005)
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Protein

Virulence sensor histidine kinase PhoQ

Gene

phoQ

Organism
Salmonella choleraesuis (strain SC-B67)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Member of the two-component regulatory system PhoP/PhoQ which regulates the expression of genes involved in virulence and resistance to host defense antimicrobial peptides. In low periplasmic Mg2+, PhoQ functions as a membrane-associated protein kinase that undergoes autophosphorylation and subsequently transfers the phosphate to PhoP, which results in the expression of PhoP-activated genes (PAG) and repression of PhoP-repressed genes (PRG). In high periplasmic Mg2+, acts as a protein phosphatase that dephosphorylates phospho-PhoP, which results in the repression of PAG and may lead to expression of some PRG (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

  • ATP + protein L-histidine = ADP + protein N-phospho-L-histidine. EC:2.7.13.3

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi151Divalent metal cationBy similarity1
Metal bindingi152Divalent metal cationBy similarity1
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei202Plays a critical role in the switching between kinase and phosphatase statesBy similarity1
Metal bindingi386MagnesiumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi443MagnesiumBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi386 – 394ATPBy similarity9
Nucleotide bindingi416 – 421ATPBy similarity6
Nucleotide bindingi435 – 447ATPBy similarityAdd BLAST13

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase, Kinase, Protein phosphatase, Transferase
Biological processGrowth regulation, Two-component regulatory system, Virulence
LigandATP-binding, Magnesium, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Virulence sensor histidine kinase PhoQ (EC:2.7.13.3, EC:3.1.3.-)
Alternative name(s):
Sensor histidine protein kinase/phosphatase PhoQ
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:phoQ
Ordered Locus Names:SCH_1181
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSalmonella choleraesuis (strain SC-B67)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri321314 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeSalmonella
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000538 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 16CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST16
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei17 – 37HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini38 – 193PeriplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST156
Transmembranei194 – 214HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini215 – 487CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST273

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell inner membrane, Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000748401 – 487Virulence sensor histidine kinase PhoQAdd BLAST487

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei277Phosphohistidine; by autocatalysisPROSITE-ProRule annotation1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q57QC4

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q57QC4

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini215 – 266HAMPPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST52
Domaini274 – 481Histidine kinasePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST208

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K07637

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
TLVFIYD

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.30.450.140, 1 hit
3.30.565.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR003660 HAMP_dom
IPR003594 HATPase_C
IPR036890 HATPase_C_sf
IPR005467 His_kinase_dom
IPR036097 HisK_dim/P_sf
IPR015014 PhoQ_Sensor
IPR038429 PhoQ_Sensor_sf
IPR004358 Sig_transdc_His_kin-like_C

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02518 HATPase_c, 1 hit
PF08918 PhoQ_Sensor, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00344 BCTRLSENSOR

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00387 HATPase_c, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47384 SSF47384, 1 hit
SSF55874 SSF55874, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50885 HAMP, 1 hit
PS50109 HIS_KIN, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q57QC4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MNKFARHFLP LSLRVRFLLA TAGVVLVLSL AYGIVALVGY SVSFDKTTFR
60 70 80 90 100
LLRGESNLFY TLAKWENNKI SVELPENLDM QSPTMTLIYD ETGKLLWTQR
110 120 130 140 150
NIPWLIKSIQ PEWLKTNGFH EIETNVDATS TLLSEDHSAQ EKLKEVREDD
160 170 180 190 200
DDAEMTHSVA VNIYPATARM PQLTIVVVDT IPIELKRSYM VWSWFVYVLA
210 220 230 240 250
ANLLLVIPLL WIAAWWSLRP IEALAREVRE LEDHHREMLN PETTRELTSL
260 270 280 290 300
VRNLNQLLKS ERERYNKYRT TLTDLTHSLK TPLAVLQSTL RSLRNEKMSV
310 320 330 340 350
SKAEPVMLEQ ISRISQQIGY YLHRASMRGS GVLLSRELHP VAPLLDNLIS
360 370 380 390 400
ALNKVYQRKG VNISMDISPE ISFVGEQNDF VEVMGNVLDN ACKYCLEFVE
410 420 430 440 450
ISARQTDDHL HIFVEDDGPG IPHSKRSLVF DRGQRADTLR PGQGVGLAVA
460 470 480
REITEQYAGQ IIASDSLLGG ARMEVVFGRQ HPTQKEE
Length:487
Mass (Da):55,467
Last modified:May 10, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iBDCFEFC56F4CA058
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE017220 Genomic DNA Translation: AAX65087.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_001031687.1, NC_006905.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAX65087; AAX65087; SCH_1181

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sec:SCH_1181

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE017220 Genomic DNA Translation: AAX65087.1
RefSeqiWP_001031687.1, NC_006905.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ57QC4
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ57QC4

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAX65087; AAX65087; SCH_1181
KEGGisec:SCH_1181

Phylogenomic databases

KOiK07637
OMAiTLVFIYD

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.450.140, 1 hit
3.30.565.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR003660 HAMP_dom
IPR003594 HATPase_C
IPR036890 HATPase_C_sf
IPR005467 His_kinase_dom
IPR036097 HisK_dim/P_sf
IPR015014 PhoQ_Sensor
IPR038429 PhoQ_Sensor_sf
IPR004358 Sig_transdc_His_kin-like_C
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02518 HATPase_c, 1 hit
PF08918 PhoQ_Sensor, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00344 BCTRLSENSOR
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00387 HATPase_c, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47384 SSF47384, 1 hit
SSF55874 SSF55874, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50885 HAMP, 1 hit
PS50109 HIS_KIN, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPHOQ_SALCH
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q57QC4
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 16, 2005
Last sequence update: May 10, 2005
Last modified: July 31, 2019
This is version 99 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome
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