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Entry version 109 (07 Apr 2021)
Sequence version 1 (24 May 2005)
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Protein

Dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase, mitochondrial

Gene

lpd

Organism
Dictyostelium discoideum (Slime mold)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Miscellaneous

The active site is a redox-active disulfide bond.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

FADBy similarityNote: Binds 1 FAD per subunit.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei70FADBy similarity1
Binding sitei134FAD; via amide nitrogen and carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Binding sitei223NADBy similarity1
Binding sitei257NAD; via amide nitrogen and carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Binding sitei294NAD; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
Binding sitei335FADBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei467Proton acceptorBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi52 – 61FADBy similarity10
Nucleotide bindingi163 – 165FADBy similarity3
Nucleotide bindingi200 – 207NADBy similarity8
Nucleotide bindingi341 – 344FADBy similarity4

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
LigandFAD, Flavoprotein, NAD

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-DDI-389661, Glyoxylate metabolism and glycine degradation
R-DDI-6783984, Glycine degradation
R-DDI-70268, Pyruvate metabolism
R-DDI-70895, Branched-chain amino acid catabolism
R-DDI-71064, Lysine catabolism
R-DDI-71403, Citric acid cycle (TCA cycle)

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase, mitochondrial (EC:1.8.1.4)
Alternative name(s):
Dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase
Glycine cleavage system L protein
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:lpd
Synonyms:bkdD, dld, odhC, pdhD
ORF Names:DDB_G0291648
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDictyostelium discoideum (Slime mold)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri44689 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaAmoebozoaEvoseaEumycetozoaDictyosteliaDictyostelialesDictyosteliaceaeDictyostelium
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002195 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componentsi: Chromosome 6, Unassembled WGS sequence

Organism-specific databases

Dictyostelium discoideum online informatics resource

More...
dictyBasei
DDB_G0291648, lpd

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Mitochondrion

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 25MitochondrionSequence analysisAdd BLAST25
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000032745026 – 488Dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase, mitochondrialAdd BLAST463

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi61 ↔ 66Redox-activeBy similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q54EW8

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
44689.DDB0216232

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q54EW8

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Redox-active center, Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1335, Eukaryota

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_016755_0_1_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q54EW8

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
TMSEAVM

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q54EW8

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.30.390.30, 1 hit
3.50.50.60, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR036188, FAD/NAD-bd_sf
IPR023753, FAD/NAD-binding_dom
IPR016156, FAD/NAD-linked_Rdtase_dimer_sf
IPR006258, Lipoamide_DH
IPR001100, Pyr_nuc-diS_OxRdtase
IPR004099, Pyr_nucl-diS_OxRdtase_dimer
IPR012999, Pyr_OxRdtase_I_AS

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF07992, Pyr_redox_2, 1 hit
PF02852, Pyr_redox_dim, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000350, Mercury_reductase_MerA, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51905, SSF51905, 1 hit
SSF55424, SSF55424, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01350, lipoamide_DH, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00076, PYRIDINE_REDOX_1, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q54EW8-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLRINRISNL RTFGQRFFST EQQDVVVIGG GPGGYVAGIK AGQLGMKVTV
60 70 80 90 100
VEKRGKLGGT CLNVGCIPSK ALLNASHLYE EATTKMSKYG VKCSGVELDL
110 120 130 140 150
GAMMQYKDKS VSGLTSGIEG LFKKNKVKYD KGFGKITGPN TVEVTLNDGS
160 170 180 190 200
VKTIETKNIV IATGSEVTSL PNVNIDEESI ISSTGALALK SVPKKLIVIG
210 220 230 240 250
GGVIGLELGS VWSRLGSETT VVEFTNRIAA GADGEVAKKF QKSLEKQHMK
260 270 280 290 300
FHLETKVTSV VKKSDGKVTV TVEQVGAGGF TGTLEADAVL VSVGRRPNTS
310 320 330 340 350
GLGLESVGIP TDKAGRVEVG DHFNTKVPSI FAIGDAIRGP MLAHKAEEEG
360 370 380 390 400
IAIIEQIHNG GGHVNYGAIP SIIYTHPEVA WVGKTEEELQ KEGIQYNIGR
410 420 430 440 450
FPFVANSRAK TNDDVEGFVK FLAAKDSDRV LGAHIMGTNA GELIGECVLA
460 470 480
MEYGASCEDI ARTCHGHPTL SEAVKEAAMD AYDKPIHM
Length:488
Mass (Da):51,794
Last modified:May 24, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA7DD67E8F7707783
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AAFI02000177 Genomic DNA Translation: EAL61808.1
AY466389 Genomic DNA Translation: AAS47709.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
XP_635122.1, XM_630030.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl protists genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblProtistsi
EAL61808; EAL61808; DDB_G0291648

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
8628069

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ddi:DDB_G0291648

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AAFI02000177 Genomic DNA Translation: EAL61808.1
AY466389 Genomic DNA Translation: AAS47709.1
RefSeqiXP_635122.1, XM_630030.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ54EW8
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi44689.DDB0216232

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ54EW8

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblProtistsiEAL61808; EAL61808; DDB_G0291648
GeneIDi8628069
KEGGiddi:DDB_G0291648

Organism-specific databases

dictyBaseiDDB_G0291648, lpd

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1335, Eukaryota
HOGENOMiCLU_016755_0_1_1
InParanoidiQ54EW8
OMAiTMSEAVM
PhylomeDBiQ54EW8

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-DDI-389661, Glyoxylate metabolism and glycine degradation
R-DDI-6783984, Glycine degradation
R-DDI-70268, Pyruvate metabolism
R-DDI-70895, Branched-chain amino acid catabolism
R-DDI-71064, Lysine catabolism
R-DDI-71403, Citric acid cycle (TCA cycle)

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q54EW8

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.390.30, 1 hit
3.50.50.60, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036188, FAD/NAD-bd_sf
IPR023753, FAD/NAD-binding_dom
IPR016156, FAD/NAD-linked_Rdtase_dimer_sf
IPR006258, Lipoamide_DH
IPR001100, Pyr_nuc-diS_OxRdtase
IPR004099, Pyr_nucl-diS_OxRdtase_dimer
IPR012999, Pyr_OxRdtase_I_AS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF07992, Pyr_redox_2, 1 hit
PF02852, Pyr_redox_dim, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000350, Mercury_reductase_MerA, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51905, SSF51905, 1 hit
SSF55424, SSF55424, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01350, lipoamide_DH, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00076, PYRIDINE_REDOX_1, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiDLDH_DICDI
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q54EW8
Secondary accession number(s): Q6S4V6
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 8, 2008
Last sequence update: May 24, 2005
Last modified: April 7, 2021
This is version 109 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Dictyostelium discoideum
    Dictyostelium discoideum: entries, gene names and cross-references to dictyBase
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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