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Entry version 147 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 1 (24 May 2005)
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Protein

L-lactate dehydrogenase

Gene

Ldhc

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: pyruvate fermentation to lactate

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes (S)-lactate from pyruvate.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldha), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldhb), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldhc), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldha), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldha), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldha), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldhc), L-lactate dehydrogenase B chain (Ldhb), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldhal6b), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldha), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldha), L-lactate dehydrogenase A chain (Ldha), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldhb), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldha), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldha), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldhc), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldha), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldha), L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ldhc), L-lactate dehydrogenase C chain (Ldhc)
This subpathway is part of the pathway pyruvate fermentation to lactate, which is itself part of Fermentation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes (S)-lactate from pyruvate, the pathway pyruvate fermentation to lactate and in Fermentation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei106SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei138SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei169SubstrateUniRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei193Proton acceptorUniRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductaseUniRule annotation
LigandNADUniRule annotation

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00554;UER00611

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
L-lactate dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.1.1.27UniRule annotation)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:LdhcImported
Synonyms:Ldh3Imported
ORF Names:mCG_19939Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus

Organism-specific databases

Mouse genome database (MGD) from Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI)

More...
MGIi
MGI:96764 Ldhc

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Proteomic databases

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

More...
MaxQBi
Q548Z6

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q548Z6

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSMUSG00000030851 Expressed in 72 organ(s), highest expression level in testis

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q548Z6 baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
Q548Z6, 1 interactor

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
Q548Z6

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q548Z6

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini21 – 160Ldh_1_NInterPro annotationAdd BLAST140
Domaini164 – 326Ldh_1_CInterPro annotationAdd BLAST163

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the LDH/MDH superfamily.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1495 Eukaryota
COG0039 LUCA

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00016

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
MACAYSM

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1204514at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.90.110.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00488 Lactate_dehydrog, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001557 L-lactate/malate_DH
IPR011304 L-lactate_DH
IPR018177 L-lactate_DH_AS
IPR022383 Lactate/malate_DH_C
IPR001236 Lactate/malate_DH_N
IPR015955 Lactate_DH/Glyco_Ohase_4_C
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02866 Ldh_1_C, 1 hit
PF00056 Ldh_1_N, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000102 Lac_mal_DH, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00086 LLDHDRGNASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF56327 SSF56327, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01771 L-LDH-NAD, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00064 L_LDH, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q548Z6-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSTVKEQLIQ NLVPEDKLSR CKITVVGVGN VGMACAISIL LKGLADELAL
60 70 80 90 100
VDADTNKLRG EALDLLHGSL FLSTPKIVFG KDYNVSANSK LVIITAGARM
110 120 130 140 150
VSGETRLDLL QRNVAIMKAI VPGIVQNSPD CKIIIVTNPV DILTYVVWKI
160 170 180 190 200
SGFPVGRVIG SGCNLDSARF RYLIGEKLGV NPTSCHGWVL GEHGDSSVPI
210 220 230 240 250
WSGVNVAGVT LKSLNPAIGT DSDKEHWKNV HKQVVEGGYE VLNMKGYTSW
260 270 280 290 300
AIGLSVTDLA RSILKNLKRV HPVTTLVKGF HGIKEEVFLS IPCVLGQSGI
310 320 330
TDFVKVNMTA EEEGLLKKSA DTLWNMQKDL QL
Length:332
Mass (Da):35,912
Last modified:May 24, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i367A7EA8B2A6D86A
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF190799 Genomic DNA Translation: AAG23522.1
AK007058 mRNA Translation: BAB24844.1
AK161399 mRNA Translation: BAE36375.1
CH466603 Genomic DNA Translation: EDL22948.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_038608.1, NM_013580.4
XP_006540742.1, XM_006540679.1
XP_006540743.1, XM_006540680.1
XP_006540744.1, XM_006540681.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
16833

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mmu:16833

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF190799 Genomic DNA Translation: AAG23522.1
AK007058 mRNA Translation: BAB24844.1
AK161399 mRNA Translation: BAE36375.1
CH466603 Genomic DNA Translation: EDL22948.1
RefSeqiNP_038608.1, NM_013580.4
XP_006540742.1, XM_006540679.1
XP_006540743.1, XM_006540680.1
XP_006540744.1, XM_006540681.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ548Z6
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiQ548Z6, 1 interactor
MINTiQ548Z6

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiQ548Z6
PRIDEiQ548Z6

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi16833
KEGGimmu:16833

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
3948
MGIiMGI:96764 Ldhc

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1495 Eukaryota
COG0039 LUCA
KOiK00016
OMAiMACAYSM
OrthoDBi1204514at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00554;UER00611

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
Ldhc mouse

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSMUSG00000030851 Expressed in 72 organ(s), highest expression level in testis
ExpressionAtlasiQ548Z6 baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.90.110.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00488 Lactate_dehydrog, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001557 L-lactate/malate_DH
IPR011304 L-lactate_DH
IPR018177 L-lactate_DH_AS
IPR022383 Lactate/malate_DH_C
IPR001236 Lactate/malate_DH_N
IPR015955 Lactate_DH/Glyco_Ohase_4_C
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02866 Ldh_1_C, 1 hit
PF00056 Ldh_1_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000102 Lac_mal_DH, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00086 LLDHDRGNASE
SUPFAMiSSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF56327 SSF56327, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01771 L-LDH-NAD, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00064 L_LDH, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiQ548Z6_MOUSE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q548Z6
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: May 24, 2005
Last sequence update: May 24, 2005
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 147 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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