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Entry version 89 (26 Feb 2020)
Sequence version 1 (24 May 2005)
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Protein

Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2

Gene

NOD2

Organism
Pan troglodytes (Chimpanzee)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in gastrointestinal immunity. Upon stimulation by muramyl dipeptide (MDP), a fragment of bacterial peptidoglycan, binds the proximal adapter receptor-interacting RIPK2, which recruits ubiquitin ligases as XIAP, BIRC2, BIRC3, INAVA and the LUBAC complex, triggering activation of MAP kinases and activation of NF-kappa-B signaling. This in turn leads to the transcriptional activation of hundreds of genes involved in immune response. Required for MDP-induced NLRP1-dependent CASP1 activation and IL1B release in macrophages. Component of an autophagy-mediated antibacterial pathway together with ATG16L1. Plays also a role in sensing single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) from viruses. Interacts with mitochondrial antiviral signaling/MAVS, leading to activation of interferon regulatory factor-3/IRF3 and expression of type I interferon.By similarity

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi299 – 306ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation8

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processImmunity, Innate immunity
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2
Alternative name(s):
Caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 15
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:NOD2
Synonyms:CARD15
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPan troglodytes (Chimpanzee)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9598 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaePan
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002277 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001440921 – 1040Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2Add BLAST1040

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Polyubiquitinated following MDP stimulation, leading to proteasome-mediated degradation.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q53B87

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Component of a signaling complex consisting of ARHGEF2, NOD2 and RIPK2.

Interacts (via CARD domain) with RIPK2 (via CARD domain).

Interacts with ATG16L1.

Interacts (via NACHT domain) with CARD9.

Interacts with ANKRD17 (via N-terminus).

Interacts with HSPA1A; the interaction enhances NOD2 stability.

Interacts (via both CARD domains) with HSP90; the interaction enhances NOD2 stability.

Interacts (via CARD domain) with SOCS3; the interaction promotes NOD2 degradation.

Interacts (via CARD domain) with ERBBI2P; the interaction inhibits activation of NOD2.

Interacts (via CARD domain) with CASP1; this interaction leads to IL1B processing.

Also interacts with CASP4.

Interacts with NLRP1; this interaction is enhanced in the presence of muramyl dipeptide (MDP) and leads to increased IL1B release.

Interacts with MAPKBP1; the interaction is enhanced in the presence of muramyl dipeptide (MDP).

Interacts with INAVA; the interaction takes place upon PRR stimulation.

Interacts with ANKHD1, C10ORF67, CHMP5, DOCK7, ENTR1, KRT15, LDOC1, PPP1R12C, PPP2R3B, TRIM41 and VIM (By similarity).

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9598.ENSPTRP00000013836

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q53B87

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini26 – 122CARD 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST97
Domaini126 – 218CARD 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST93
Domaini293 – 618NACHTPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST326
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section indicates the positions and types of repeated sequence motifs or repeated domains within the protein.<p><a href='/help/repeat' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Repeati791 – 812LRR 1Add BLAST22
Repeati816 – 839LRR 2Add BLAST24
Repeati844 – 865LRR 3Add BLAST22
Repeati872 – 884LRR 4Add BLAST13
Repeati900 – 920LRR 5Add BLAST21
Repeati928 – 949LRR 6Add BLAST22
Repeati956 – 976LRR 7Add BLAST21
Repeati984 – 1005LRR 8Add BLAST22
Repeati1012 – 1032LRR 9Add BLAST21

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni241 – 274Required for CARD9 bindingBy similarityAdd BLAST34

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi63 – 77ATG16L1-binding motifAdd BLAST15

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The ATG16L1-binding motif mediates interaction with ATG16L1.By similarity
Intramolecular interactions between the N-terminal moiety and the leucine-rich repeats (LRR) may be important for autoinhibition in the absence of activating signal. In the absence of LRRs, the protein becomes a constitutive activator of CASP1 cleavage and proIL1B processing.By similarity

Keywords - Domaini

Leucine-rich repeat, Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG4308 Eukaryota
ENOG410ZBX3 LUCA

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q53B87

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.80.10.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001315 CARD
IPR011029 DEATH-like_dom_sf
IPR001611 Leu-rich_rpt
IPR032675 LRR_dom_sf
IPR007111 NACHT_NTPase
IPR041267 NLRC_HD2
IPR041075 NOD2_WH
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00619 CARD, 1 hit
PF13516 LRR_6, 3 hits
PF05729 NACHT, 1 hit
PF17776 NLRC4_HD2, 1 hit
PF17779 NOD2_WH, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47986 SSF47986, 2 hits
SSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50209 CARD, 2 hits
PS51450 LRR, 4 hits
PS50837 NACHT, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q53B87-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGEEGGSVSH DEEERASVLL GHSLGCEMCS QEAFQAQRSQ LVELLVSGSL
60 70 80 90 100
EGFESVLDWL LSWEVLSWED YEGFHLLGQP LSHLARRLLD TVWNKGTWAC
110 120 130 140 150
QKLIAAAQEA QADSQSPKLH GCWDPHSLHP ARDLQSHRPA IVRRLHNHVE
160 170 180 190 200
NMLDLAWERG FVSQYECDEI RLPIFTPSQR ARRLLDLATV KANGLAAFLL
210 220 230 240 250
QHVQELPVPL ALPLEAATCK KYMAKLRTTV SAQSRFLSTY DGAETLCLED
260 270 280 290 300
IYTENVLEVW ADVGMAGPPQ KSPATLGLEE LFSTPGHLND DADTVLVVGE
310 320 330 340 350
AGSGKSTLLQ RLHLLWAAGR DFQEFLFVFP FSCRQLQCMA KPLSVRTLLF
360 370 380 390 400
EHCCWPDVGQ EDIFQLLLDH PDRVLLTFDG FDEFKFRFTD RERHCSPTDP
410 420 430 440 450
TSVQTLLFNL LQGNLLKNAR KVVTSRPAAV SAFLRKYIRT EFNLKGFSEQ
460 470 480 490 500
GIELYLRKRH REPGVADRLI RLLQATSALH GLCHLPVFSW MVSKCHQELL
510 520 530 540 550
LQEGGSPKTT TDMYLLILQH FLLHATPPDS ASQGLGPSLL RGRLPTLLHL
560 570 580 590 600
GRLALWGLGM CCYVFSAQQL QAAQVSPDDI SLGFLVRAKG VVPGSTAPLE
610 620 630 640 650
FLHITFQCFF AAFYLALSAD VPPALLRHLF NCGRPGNSPM ARLLPTMCIQ
660 670 680 690 700
GSEGKDSSVA ALLQKAEPHN LQITAAFLAG LLSREHWGLL AECQTSEKAL
710 720 730 740 750
LRRQACARWC LARSLRKHFH SIPPAAPGEA KSVHAMPGFI WLIRSLYEMQ
760 770 780 790 800
EERLARKAAR GLNVGHLKLT FCSVGPAECA ALAFVLQHLR RPVALQLDYN
810 820 830 840 850
SVGDIGVEQL LPCLGVCKAL YLRDNNISDR GICKLIECAL HCEQLQKLAL
860 870 880 890 900
FNNKLTDGCA HSMAKLLACR QNFLALRLGN NYITAAGAQV LAQGLRGNTS
910 920 930 940 950
LQFLGFWGNR VGDEGAQALA EALGDHQSLR WLSLVGNNIG SVGAQALALM
960 970 980 990 1000
LAKNVMLEEL CLEENHLQDE GVCSLAEGLK KNSSLKILKL SNNCITYLGA
1010 1020 1030 1040
EALLQALERN DTILEVWLRG NTFSLEEVDK LGCRDTRLLL
Length:1,040
Mass (Da):115,298
Last modified:May 24, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iBF0496FFF39D0428
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY594173 AY594172 Genomic DNA Translation: AAS89991.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY594173 AY594172 Genomic DNA Translation: AAS89991.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ53B87
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9598.ENSPTRP00000013836

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ53B87

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG4308 Eukaryota
ENOG410ZBX3 LUCA
InParanoidiQ53B87

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.80.10.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001315 CARD
IPR011029 DEATH-like_dom_sf
IPR001611 Leu-rich_rpt
IPR032675 LRR_dom_sf
IPR007111 NACHT_NTPase
IPR041267 NLRC_HD2
IPR041075 NOD2_WH
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00619 CARD, 1 hit
PF13516 LRR_6, 3 hits
PF05729 NACHT, 1 hit
PF17776 NLRC4_HD2, 1 hit
PF17779 NOD2_WH, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47986 SSF47986, 2 hits
SSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50209 CARD, 2 hits
PS51450 LRR, 4 hits
PS50837 NACHT, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiNOD2_PANTR
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q53B87
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 5, 2005
Last sequence update: May 24, 2005
Last modified: February 26, 2020
This is version 89 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome
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