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Entry version 66 (12 Aug 2020)
Sequence version 1 (07 Jun 2005)
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Protein

Bifunctional levopimaradiene synthase, chloroplastic

Gene

LPS

Organism
Pinus taeda (Loblolly pine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in defensive oleoresin formation in conifers in response to insect attack or other injury. Involved in diterpene (C20) olefins biosynthesis. Bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes two sequential cyclizations of geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP) to levopimaradiene. Levopimaradiene is the major products of the enzyme followed by abietadiene, neoabietadiene and palustradiene. No activity with geranyl diphosphate (GPP) or farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) as substrate.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+By similarityNote: Binds 3 Mg2+ ions per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: oleoresin biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway oleoresin biosynthesis, which is part of Terpene metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway oleoresin biosynthesis and in Terpene metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei250SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei470SubstrateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi602Magnesium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi602Magnesium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi606Magnesium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi606Magnesium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi746Magnesium 3By similarity1
Metal bindingi750Magnesium 3By similarity1
Metal bindingi754Magnesium 3By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionIsomerase, Lyase, Multifunctional enzyme
LigandMagnesium, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
MetaCyc:MONOMER-12741

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
4.2.3.18, 4861
4.2.3.32, 4861

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00924

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Bifunctional levopimaradiene synthase, chloroplastic
Short name:
PtLAS
Alternative name(s):
Diterpene synthase
PtTPS-LAS
Including the following 2 domains:
Levopimaradiene synthase (EC:4.2.3.32)
Alternative name(s):
Neoabietadiene synthase (EC:4.2.3.132)
Copalyl diphosphate synthase (EC:5.5.1.12)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:LPS
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPinus taeda (Loblolly pine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3352 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaPinopsidaPinidaePinalesPinaceaePinusPinus subgen. Pinus

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Chloroplast, Plastid

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 52ChloroplastSequence analysisAdd BLAST52
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000034895153 – 850Bifunctional levopimaradiene synthase, chloroplasticAdd BLAST798

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q50EK2

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in young tissues such as flushing buds and green bark tissues. Lower levels in mature needles and bark.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By methyl jasmonate.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q50EK2

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi383 – 386DXDD motifCurated4
Motifi602 – 606DDXXD motifCurated5

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The Asp-Xaa-Asp-Asp (DXDD) motif is important for the catalytic activity in the class II active site relevant for the cyclization of GGPP. The Asp-Asp-Xaa-Xaa-Asp/Glu (DDXXD/E) motif is important for the catalytic activity in the class I active site, presumably through binding to Mg2+.Curated

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the terpene synthase family. Tpsd subfamily.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K19571

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.600.10, 1 hit
1.50.10.130, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR008949, Isoprenoid_synthase_dom_sf
IPR034741, Terpene_cyclase-like_1_C
IPR001906, Terpene_synth_N
IPR036965, Terpene_synth_N_sf
IPR005630, Terpene_synthase_metal-bd
IPR008930, Terpenoid_cyclase/PrenylTrfase

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01397, Terpene_synth, 1 hit
PF03936, Terpene_synth_C, 1 hit

Structure-Function Linkage Database

More...
SFLDi
SFLDG01019, Terpene_Cyclase_Like_1_C_Termi, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48239, SSF48239, 2 hits
SSF48576, SSF48576, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q50EK2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MALPSSSLSS QIHTGATTQC IPHFHGSLNA GTSAGKRRSL YLRWGKGPSK
60 70 80 90 100
IVACAGQDPF SVPTLVKREF PPGFWKDHVI ESLMPSYKVA PSDEKRIETL
110 120 130 140 150
ITEIKNMFRS MGYGETNPSA YDTAWVARIP AVDGSEKPQF PETLEWILQN
160 170 180 190 200
QLKDGSWGEE FYFLAYDRIL ATLACIITLT IWQTGDTQVQ KGIEFFKTQA
210 220 230 240 250
GKIEEEADSH RPSGFEIVFP AMLKEAKALG LALPYELPFI QQIIEKREAK
260 270 280 290 300
LQRLPPDLLY ALPTTLLYSL EGLQEIVDWE KIMKLQSKDG SFLSSPASTA
310 320 330 340 350
AVFMRTGNKK CLEFLNFVLK KFGNHVPCHY PLDLFERLWA VDTVERLGID
360 370 380 390 400
HHFKEEIKDA LDYVYSHWDE RGIGWARENP VPDIDDTAMG LRILRLHGYN
410 420 430 440 450
VSSDVLKTFR DENGEFFCFL GQTQRGVTDM LNVNRCSHVA FPGETIMEEA
460 470 480 490 500
KLCTERYLRN ALEDGGASDK WALKKNIRGE VEYALKYPWH RSMPRLEARS
510 520 530 540 550
YIENYGPNDV WLGKTMYMMP NISNEKYLEL AKLDFNRVQF FHRQELQDIR
560 570 580 590 600
RWWNSSGFSQ LGFTRERVAE IYFSPASFLF EPEFATCRAV YTKTSNFTVI
610 620 630 640 650
LDDLYDAHGT LDNLKLFSES VKRWDLSLVD QMPQDMKICF KGFYNTFNEI
660 670 680 690 700
AEEGRKRQGR DVLSYIQKVW EVQLEAYTKE AEWSAVRYVP SYDEYIGNAS
710 720 730 740 750
VSIALGTVVL ISALFTGEIL TDDILSKIGR DSRFLYLMGL TGRLVNDTKT
760 770 780 790 800
YQAERGQGEV ASAVQCYMKD HPEISEEEAL KHVYTIMDNA LDELNREFVN
810 820 830 840 850
NRDVPDTCRR LVFETARIMQ LFYMDGDGLT LSHNMEIKEH VKNCLFQPVA
Length:850
Mass (Da):97,499
Last modified:June 7, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i20A7EC6BFA29207F
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY779541 mRNA Translation: AAX07435.1

Genome annotation databases

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ag:AAX07435

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY779541 mRNA Translation: AAX07435.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ50EK2
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ50EK2

Genome annotation databases

KEGGiag:AAX07435

Phylogenomic databases

KOiK19571

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00924
BioCyciMetaCyc:MONOMER-12741
BRENDAi4.2.3.18, 4861
4.2.3.32, 4861

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.600.10, 1 hit
1.50.10.130, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR008949, Isoprenoid_synthase_dom_sf
IPR034741, Terpene_cyclase-like_1_C
IPR001906, Terpene_synth_N
IPR036965, Terpene_synth_N_sf
IPR005630, Terpene_synthase_metal-bd
IPR008930, Terpenoid_cyclase/PrenylTrfase
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01397, Terpene_synth, 1 hit
PF03936, Terpene_synth_C, 1 hit
SFLDiSFLDG01019, Terpene_Cyclase_Like_1_C_Termi, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48239, SSF48239, 2 hits
SSF48576, SSF48576, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTPSD1_PINTA
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q50EK2
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 2, 2008
Last sequence update: June 7, 2005
Last modified: August 12, 2020
This is version 66 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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