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Entry version 93 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 1 (05 Jul 2005)
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Protein

Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 3

Gene

Gpat3

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Converts glycerol-3-phosphate to 1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate (lysophosphatidic acid or LPA) by incorporating an acyl moiety at the sn-1 position of the glycerol backbone (By similarity). Also converts LPA into 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate (phosphatidic acid or PA) by incorporating an acyl moiety at the sn-2 position of the glycerol backbone (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: triacylglycerol biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway triacylglycerol biosynthesis, which is part of Glycerolipid metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway triacylglycerol biosynthesis and in Glycerolipid metabolism.

Pathwayi: CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes CDP-diacylglycerol from sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.
Proteins known to be involved in the 3 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 3 (Gpat3), Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 1, mitochondrial (Gpam), Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 1, mitochondrial (Gpam), Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 1, mitochondrial (Gpam)
  2. 1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase delta (Agpat4)
  3. Phosphatidate cytidylyltransferase 2 (Cds2), Phosphatidate cytidylyltransferase 1 (Cds1), Phosphatidate cytidylyltransferase, mitochondrial (Tamm41), Phosphatidate cytidylyltransferase (Cds2)
This subpathway is part of the pathway CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis, which is itself part of Phospholipid metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes CDP-diacylglycerol from sn-glycerol 3-phosphate, the pathway CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis and in Phospholipid metabolism.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAcyltransferase, Transferase
Biological processLipid biosynthesis, Lipid metabolism, Phospholipid biosynthesis, Phospholipid metabolism

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-1483166 Synthesis of PA

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00282
UPA00557;UER00612

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 3Imported (EC:2.3.1.15By similarity)
Short name:
GPAT-3
Alternative name(s):
1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 10By similarity
Short name:
AGPAT 10By similarity
1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase 9 (EC:2.3.1.51By similarity)
Short name:
1-AGP acyltransferase 9
Short name:
1-AGPAT 9
Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase theta
Short name:
LPAAT-theta
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Gpat3Imported
Synonyms:Agpat9
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 14

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
1565703 Gpat3

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei14 – 34HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei137 – 157HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei161 – 181HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Endoplasmic reticulum, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002915721 – 457Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 3Add BLAST457

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei68PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei77PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q4V8J4

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q4V8J4

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q4V8J4

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q4V8J4

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000002159 Expressed in 10 organ(s), highest expression level in adult mammalian kidney

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q4V8J4 RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000002936

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi229 – 234HXXXXD motifBy similarity6

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The HXXXXD motif is essential for acyltransferase activity and may constitute the binding site for the phosphate moiety of the glycerol-3-phosphate.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2898 Eukaryota
COG0204 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00950000182744

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000265725

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q4V8J4

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K13506

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
TCSRILV

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
526132at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q4V8J4

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF315039

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002123 Plipid/glycerol_acylTrfase

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01553 Acyltransferase, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00563 PlsC, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q4V8J4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MEGTDLVVKL LSTWLTLVGS LILLPSAFGL SLGISEIYMK ILVKTLEWAT
60 70 80 90 100
LRIEKGAPKE SVLKSPASMG IIQRDESPME KGLSGLRGRD FELSDVFYFS
110 120 130 140 150
KKGLEAIVED EVTQRFSSEE LVSWNLLTRT NVNFHYISPK LTIVWVLGVL
160 170 180 190 200
VRYCFLLPLR VTLAFIGISL LIIGTTLVGQ LPDSSLKNWL SELVHLTCCR
210 220 230 240 250
ICVRSLSGTI HYHNKQYRPQ KGGICVANHT SPIDVLILAT DGCYAMVGQV
260 270 280 290 300
HGGLMGIIQR AMVKACPHVW FERSEIKDRH LVTKRLKEHI ADKKKLPILI
310 320 330 340 350
FPEGTCINNT SVMMFKKGSF EIGGTIYPVA IKYNPQFGDA FWNSSKYNLV
360 370 380 390 400
SYLLRIMTSW AIVCDVWYMP PMTREEGEDA VQFANRVKSA IAVQGGLTEL
410 420 430 440 450
PWDGGLKRAK VKDTFKEEQQ KTYSKMIVGN GSPSLALDSS TVDNHGSPEP

AFRSESL
Length:457
Mass (Da):51,012
Last modified:July 5, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iBC8A63BF240137A9
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC097362 mRNA Translation: AAH97362.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001020841.1, NM_001025670.1
XP_008768241.1, XM_008770019.2
XP_008768242.1, XM_008770020.2
XP_008768243.1, XM_008770021.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000002936; ENSRNOP00000002936; ENSRNOG00000002159

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
305166

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:305166

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC097362 mRNA Translation: AAH97362.1
RefSeqiNP_001020841.1, NM_001025670.1
XP_008768241.1, XM_008770019.2
XP_008768242.1, XM_008770020.2
XP_008768243.1, XM_008770021.2

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000002936

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ4V8J4
PhosphoSitePlusiQ4V8J4

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ4V8J4
PRIDEiQ4V8J4

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000002936; ENSRNOP00000002936; ENSRNOG00000002159
GeneIDi305166
KEGGirno:305166

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
84803
RGDi1565703 Gpat3

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2898 Eukaryota
COG0204 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00950000182744
HOGENOMiHOG000265725
InParanoidiQ4V8J4
KOiK13506
OMAiTCSRILV
OrthoDBi526132at2759
PhylomeDBiQ4V8J4
TreeFamiTF315039

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00282
UPA00557;UER00612
ReactomeiR-RNO-1483166 Synthesis of PA

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q4V8J4

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000002159 Expressed in 10 organ(s), highest expression level in adult mammalian kidney
GenevisibleiQ4V8J4 RN

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002123 Plipid/glycerol_acylTrfase
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01553 Acyltransferase, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00563 PlsC, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGPAT3_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q4V8J4
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 26, 2007
Last sequence update: July 5, 2005
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 93 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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