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Entry version 102 (10 Feb 2021)
Sequence version 1 (02 Aug 2005)
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Protein

B-cell linker protein

Gene

Blnk

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Functions as a central linker protein, downstream of the B-cell receptor (BCR), bridging the SYK kinase to a multitude of signaling pathways and regulating biological outcomes of B-cell function and development. Plays a role in the activation of ERK/EPHB2, MAP kinase p38 and JNK. Modulates AP1 activation. Important for the activation of NF-kappa-B and NFAT. Plays an important role in BCR-mediated PLCG1 and PLCG2 activation and Ca2+ mobilization and is required for trafficking of the BCR to late endosomes. However, does not seem to be required for pre-BCR-mediated activation of MAP kinase and phosphatidyl-inositol 3 (PI3) kinase signaling. May be required for the RAC1-JNK pathway. Plays a critical role in orchestrating the pro-B cell to pre-B cell transition. May play an important role in BCR-induced B-cell apoptosis (By similarity).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processB-cell activation

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-983695, Antigen activates B Cell Receptor (BCR) leading to generation of second messengers

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
B-cell linker protein
Alternative name(s):
Cytoplasmic adapter protein
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Blnk
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
1561933, Blnk

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000649421 – 457B-cell linker proteinAdd BLAST457

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei72Phosphotyrosine; by SYKBy similarity1
Modified residuei84Phosphotyrosine; by SYKBy similarity1
Modified residuei96Phosphotyrosine; by SYKBy similarity1
Modified residuei178Phosphotyrosine; by SYKBy similarity1
Modified residuei189Phosphotyrosine; by SYKBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Following BCR activation, phosphorylated on tyrosine residues by SYK and LYN. When phosphorylated, serves as a scaffold to assemble downstream targets of antigen activation, including PLCG1, VAV1, GRB2 and NCK1. Phosphorylation of Tyr-84, Tyr-178 and Tyr-189 facilitates PLCG1 binding. Phosphorylation of Tyr-96 facilitates BTK binding. Phosphorylation of Tyr-72 facilitates VAV1 and NCK1 binding. Phosphorylation is required for both Ca2+ and MAPK signaling pathways (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q4KM52

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q4KM52

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q4KM52

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q4KM52

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000013967, Expressed in spleen and 21 other tissues

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q4KM52, RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Associates with PLCG1, VAV1 and NCK1 in a B-cell antigen receptor-dependent fashion.

Interacts with VAV3, PLCG2 and GRB2.

Interacts through its SH2 domain with CD79A.

Interacts (via SH2 domain) with SYK; phosphorylated and activated by SYK.

Interacts (via SH2 domain) with SCIMP; this interaction is dependent on phosphorylation of SCIMP 'Tyr-120' (By similarity).

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000019014

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q4KM52

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini347 – 454SH2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST108

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi130 – 330Pro-richAdd BLAST201

Keywords - Domaini

SH2 domain

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG502QUXR, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000155715

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_043673_0_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q4KM52

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
VHQKPIP

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
556782at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q4KM52

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF326567

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.30.505.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000980, SH2
IPR036860, SH2_dom_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00017, SH2, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00252, SH2, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF55550, SSF55550, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50001, SH2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q4KM52-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MDKLNKITVP ASQKLRQLQK MVHDIKNNEG GIMDKIKKLK VKGPPSVPRR
60 70 80 90 100
DYALDNPADE EEQWSDDFDS DYENPDEHSD SEMYVMPAEE TGDDSYEPPP
110 120 130 140 150
AEQQTRVVHP ALPFTRGEYV DNRSSQRHSP PFSKTLPSKP SWPSAKARLA
160 170 180 190 200
STLPAPNSLQ KPQVPPKPKD LLEDEADYVV PVEDNDENYI HPRESSPLPA
210 220 230 240 250
EKAPTVNRST KPNSSSKHVS PPGTVAGRNS GVWDSKSSLP AAPSPLPRAG
260 270 280 290 300
KKTATPLKTT PVPSLQNASN VCEEKPVPAE RHRGSSHRQD TVQSPVFPPT
310 320 330 340 350
QKPVLQKPVP LPRFTEGGSP AADGPVPSFP FNSTFADQEA ELHGKPWYAG
360 370 380 390 400
ACDRKSAEEA LHRSNKDGSF LIRKSSGHDS KQPYTLVAFF NKRVYNIPVR
410 420 430 440 450
FIEATKQYAL GKKKNGEEYF GSVVEIIKNH QHNPLVLIDS QNNTKDSTRL

KYAVKVS
Length:457
Mass (Da):50,634
Last modified:August 2, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA40DA57A13022483
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC098790 mRNA Translation: AAH98790.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001020938.1, NM_001025767.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000019014; ENSRNOP00000019014; ENSRNOG00000013967

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
499356

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:499356

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:1561933, rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC098790 mRNA Translation: AAH98790.1
RefSeqiNP_001020938.1, NM_001025767.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ4KM52
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000019014

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ4KM52
PhosphoSitePlusiQ4KM52

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ4KM52
PRIDEiQ4KM52

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000019014; ENSRNOP00000019014; ENSRNOG00000013967
GeneIDi499356
KEGGirno:499356
UCSCiRGD:1561933, rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
29760
RGDi1561933, Blnk

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG502QUXR, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000155715
HOGENOMiCLU_043673_0_0_1
InParanoidiQ4KM52
OMAiVHQKPIP
OrthoDBi556782at2759
PhylomeDBiQ4KM52
TreeFamiTF326567

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-983695, Antigen activates B Cell Receptor (BCR) leading to generation of second messengers

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q4KM52

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000013967, Expressed in spleen and 21 other tissues
GenevisibleiQ4KM52, RN

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.505.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000980, SH2
IPR036860, SH2_dom_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00017, SH2, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00252, SH2, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF55550, SSF55550, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50001, SH2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiBLNK_RAT
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q4KM52
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 22, 2005
Last sequence update: August 2, 2005
Last modified: February 10, 2021
This is version 102 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome
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