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Entry version 83 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (02 Aug 2005)
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Protein

Methionine synthase reductase

Gene

MTRR

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the reductive regeneration of cob(I)alamin (vitamin B12) cofactor required for the maintenance of methionine synthase in a functional state. Necessary for utilization of methylgroups from the folate cycle, thereby affecting transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. Folate pathway donates methyl groups necessary for cellular methylation and affects different pathways such as DNA methylation, possibly explaining the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance effects.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Protein has several cofactor binding sites:

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei289NADPBy similarity1
Binding sitei657NADPBy similarity1
Binding sitei695FADBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi10 – 14FMNPROSITE-ProRule annotation5
Nucleotide bindingi93 – 124FMNPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST32
Nucleotide bindingi449 – 452FADBy similarity4
Nucleotide bindingi485 – 488FADBy similarity4
Nucleotide bindingi608 – 609NADPBy similarity2
Nucleotide bindingi622 – 624NADPBy similarity3

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processAmino-acid biosynthesis, Methionine biosynthesis
LigandFAD, Flavoprotein, FMN, NADP, S-adenosyl-L-methionine

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Methionine synthase reductase (EC:1.16.1.8By similarity)
Short name:
MSR
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:MTRR
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004093071 – 695Methionine synthase reductaseAdd BLAST695

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei171PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei187PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q4JIJ2

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q4JIJ2

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000012372

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q4JIJ2

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini4 – 147Flavodoxin-likePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST144
Domaini269 – 531FAD-binding FR-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST263

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni166 – 245HingeBy similarityAdd BLAST80

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1158 Eukaryota
COG0369 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000007485

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q4JIJ2

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00597

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
318396at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.20.990.10, 1 hit
3.40.50.360, 1 hit
3.40.50.80, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR003097 CysJ-like_FAD-binding
IPR017927 FAD-bd_FR_type
IPR001094 Flavdoxin-like
IPR008254 Flavodoxin/NO_synth
IPR001709 Flavoprot_Pyr_Nucl_cyt_Rdtase
IPR029039 Flavoprotein-like_sf
IPR039261 FNR_nucleotide-bd
IPR023173 NADPH_Cyt_P450_Rdtase_alpha
IPR001433 OxRdtase_FAD/NAD-bd
IPR017938 Riboflavin_synthase-like_b-brl

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00667 FAD_binding_1, 1 hit
PF00258 Flavodoxin_1, 1 hit
PF00175 NAD_binding_1, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00369 FLAVODOXIN
PR00371 FPNCR

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52218 SSF52218, 1 hit
SSF52343 SSF52343, 1 hit
SSF63380 SSF63380, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51384 FAD_FR, 1 hit
PS50902 FLAVODOXIN_LIKE, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q4JIJ2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MRRFLLLYAT QRGQAKAIAE EISEKAVTYG FSADLHCISE SDKYDLKTET
60 70 80 90 100
APLVMVVSTT GNGDPPDTAR KFVKAIKDKT LPPDFLAHLR YGLLGLGDSE
110 120 130 140 150
YTYFCNGGKV IDKRLQELGA QRFYDTGHAD DCVGLELVVE PWINGLWAAL
160 170 180 190 200
EKHFLSNRGR EDTSETLTMA SHASRDAVTP ELLHVESQVG LLKLDDSGGK
210 220 230 240 250
AAKVLEQNAV NSNQSSTLIV DFEASLTHSV PPLSQASLNI PSLPPEYLEV
260 270 280 290 300
HLEEALGQEE SHASVSLVDP VFHVPVSKAV QLTTNDAIKT TLLIELDISK
310 320 330 340 350
TDFSYQPGDA FNVICPNSDS EVQFLLQRLQ LADRREHHVA VTIKADTRKK
360 370 380 390 400
GAALPQHVPE RCSLQFLLTW CLEIRAVPKK AFLRALADHT GDSAERRRLQ
410 420 430 440 450
ELCSRQGAAD YTRFVREAGA CLSDLLRAFP SCQPPLGLLL EHLPKLQPRP
460 470 480 490 500
YSCASSSLFH PGKLHFIFNI VEFLSNTTEV ILRRGVCTGW LATLVESILQ
510 520 530 540 550
PYMCANHVDG KKALAPKISI SPRTTNSFHL PDDPSVPIIM VGPGAGVAPF
560 570 580 590 600
IGFLQHREKL QEQHPGGHFG ATWLFFGCRH KERDYLFRDE LRHFLKCGVL
610 620 630 640 650
THLEVSFSRD VAVGEEEGPA KYVQDSLQRH SKQVAGVLLQ DSGYVYVCGD
660 670 680 690
AKNMAKDVHD ALVEIISRET GVEKLEAMKT LATLKEEKRY LQDIW
Length:695
Mass (Da):77,163
Last modified:August 2, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA57274B75EC57E0C
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ084520 mRNA Translation: AAY86763.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001025470.1, NM_001030299.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
507991

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:507991

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ084520 mRNA Translation: AAY86763.1
RefSeqiNP_001025470.1, NM_001030299.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ4JIJ2
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000012372

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ4JIJ2
PRIDEiQ4JIJ2

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi507991
KEGGibta:507991

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
4552

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1158 Eukaryota
COG0369 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000007485
InParanoidiQ4JIJ2
KOiK00597
OrthoDBi318396at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.20.990.10, 1 hit
3.40.50.360, 1 hit
3.40.50.80, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR003097 CysJ-like_FAD-binding
IPR017927 FAD-bd_FR_type
IPR001094 Flavdoxin-like
IPR008254 Flavodoxin/NO_synth
IPR001709 Flavoprot_Pyr_Nucl_cyt_Rdtase
IPR029039 Flavoprotein-like_sf
IPR039261 FNR_nucleotide-bd
IPR023173 NADPH_Cyt_P450_Rdtase_alpha
IPR001433 OxRdtase_FAD/NAD-bd
IPR017938 Riboflavin_synthase-like_b-brl
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00667 FAD_binding_1, 1 hit
PF00258 Flavodoxin_1, 1 hit
PF00175 NAD_binding_1, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00369 FLAVODOXIN
PR00371 FPNCR
SUPFAMiSSF52218 SSF52218, 1 hit
SSF52343 SSF52343, 1 hit
SSF63380 SSF63380, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51384 FAD_FR, 1 hit
PS50902 FLAVODOXIN_LIKE, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiMTRR_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q4JIJ2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 31, 2011
Last sequence update: August 2, 2005
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 83 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome
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