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Entry version 76 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 1 (02 Aug 2005)
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Protein

Glyceraldehyde dehydrogenase large chain

Gene

cutA

Organism
Sulfolobus acidocaldarius (strain ATCC 33909 / DSM 639 / JCM 8929 / NBRC 15157 / NCIMB 11770)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Component of the glyceraldehyde dehydrogenase which is involved the nonphosphorylated Entner-Doudoroff pathway. Catalyzes the oxidation of D-glyceraldehyde to yield glycerate. When the artificial electron acceptor 2,6-dichlorophenol-indophenol (Cl2Ind) is used, the enzyme shows a broad substrate range (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, propionaldehyde and isobutyraldehyde), but is most active with D-glyceraldehyde. It is not known which acceptor is utilized in vivo.

1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mo-molybdopterin guanine dinucleotide1 PublicationNote: Binds 1 Mo-molybdopterin guanine dinucleotide (Mo-MGD) cofactor per subunit.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=30 µM for propionaldehyde (at 80 degrees Celsius and pH 6.7)1 Publication
  2. KM=90 µM for D,L-glyceraldehyde (at 80 degrees Celsius and pH 6.7)1 Publication

    pH dependencei

    Optimum pH is 6.7. At pH 6.7, glyceraldehyde is the predominant substrate, however at pH 7.5 the dehydrogenase exhibits activity preferentially towards the aliphatic aldehydes such as formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and propionaldehyde.1 Publication

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi247Molybdenum; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
    Metal bindingi360Molybdenum; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
    Metal bindingi522Molybdenum; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1

    <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

    <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

    Molecular functionOxidoreductase
    LigandMetal-binding, Molybdenum

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

    More...
    BioCyci
    SACI330779:G1G4L-2247-MONOMER

    BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

    More...
    BRENDAi
    1.2.99.8, 6160

    <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Glyceraldehyde dehydrogenase large chain (EC:1.2.99.8)
    Alternative name(s):
    Glyceraldehyde dehydrogenase subunit A
    Glyceraldehyde dehydrogenase subunit alpha
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
    Name:cutA
    Ordered Locus Names:Saci_2271
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSulfolobus acidocaldarius (strain ATCC 33909 / DSM 639 / JCM 8929 / NBRC 15157 / NCIMB 11770)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri330779 [NCBI]
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiArchaeaCrenarchaeotaThermoproteiSulfolobalesSulfolobaceaeSulfolobus
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
    • UP000001018 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

    <p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Cytoplasm

    <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemoved1 Publication
    <p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004242712 – 748Glyceraldehyde dehydrogenase large chainAdd BLAST747

    <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

    Heterotrimer composed of a large chain (CutA), a medium chain (CutB) and a small chain (CutC).

    1 Publication

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    STRING: functional protein association networks

    More...
    STRINGi
    330779.Saci_2271

    <p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

    3D structure databases

    SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

    More...
    SMRi
    Q4J6M3

    Database of comparative protein structure models

    More...
    ModBasei
    Search...

    <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

    <p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the xanthine dehydrogenase family.Curated

    Phylogenomic databases

    evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

    More...
    eggNOGi
    arCOG01167, Archaea

    The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

    More...
    HOGENOMi
    CLU_001681_2_0_2

    Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

    More...
    OMAi
    ERNVTHY

    Family and domain databases

    Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

    More...
    InterProi
    View protein in InterPro
    IPR000674, Ald_Oxase/Xan_DH_a/b
    IPR036856, Ald_Oxase/Xan_DH_a/b_sf
    IPR008274, AldOxase/xan_DH_Mopterin-bd
    IPR037165, AldOxase/xan_DH_Mopterin-bd_sf

    Pfam protein domain database

    More...
    Pfami
    View protein in Pfam
    PF01315, Ald_Xan_dh_C, 1 hit
    PF02738, Ald_Xan_dh_C2, 1 hit

    Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

    More...
    SMARTi
    View protein in SMART
    SM01008, Ald_Xan_dh_C, 1 hit

    Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

    More...
    SUPFAMi
    SSF54665, SSF54665, 1 hit
    SSF56003, SSF56003, 1 hit

    <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

    Q4J6M3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
    « Hide
            10         20         30         40         50
    MTYTGKSIKR LNDDKFITGR SNYIDDIKIP SLYAGFVRSP YPHAIIKRID
    60 70 80 90 100
    ATDALKVNGI VAVFSGKDIN PMLKGGVGVL SAYVNPSLFR FKERKAFPED
    110 120 130 140 150
    NKVKYVGEPV AIVIGQDKYA VRDAIDRVNV EYEQLKPVIK MEDAEKDEVI
    160 170 180 190 200
    VHDELKTNVS YKIPFKAGDI EKAFSQADKV VKVEAINERL IPNPMEPRGI
    210 220 230 240 250
    LSVYDGNSLS VWYSTQVPHF ARSEFARIFG IPETKIRVAM PDVGGAFGSK
    260 270 280 290 300
    VHIMAEELAV IASSILLRRP VRWTATRSEE MLASEARSNV FTGEVAVKKD
    310 320 330 340 350
    GTVLGIKGKL LLDLGAYLTL TAGIQPTIIP VMIPGPYKVR DLEIESTAVY
    360 370 380 390 400
    TTTPPITMYR GASRPEATYI IERIMSTVAD ELGLDDVTIR ERNLIDQLPY
    410 420 430 440 450
    TNPFGLRYDT GDYIRVFKDG VAKLEYNELR KWAQQERSKG HRVGVGLAFY
    460 470 480 490 500
    LEICSFGPWE YGEIKVDNKG NVLVITGTTP HGQGTETAIA QIVADALQIP
    510 520 530 540 550
    IEKIRVVWGD TDIVEGSFGT YGSRSLTIGG SAALKVAERV LDKMKRAAAS
    560 570 580 590 600
    YFNADVQEIR YENEEFSVKN DPSKKASWDE IASLATTKEP IVEKIYYEND
    610 620 630 640 650
    VTFPYGVHVA VVEVDDLGMA RVVEYRAYDD IGKVINPALA EAQIHGGGVQ
    660 670 680 690 700
    GVGQALYEKA IINENGQLSV TYADYYVPTA VEAPRFISYF ADKSHPSNYP
    710 720 730 740
    TGTKGVGEAA LIVGPAAIIR AIEDAVGARF TKTPTPPEEI YKAIMSKK
    Length:748
    Mass (Da):82,572
    Last modified:August 2, 2005 - v1
    <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i4CB3F410FD308DB2
    GO

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:

    EMBL nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    EMBLi

    GenBank nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    GenBanki

    DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    CP000077 Genomic DNA Translation: AAY81557.1

    NCBI Reference Sequences

    More...
    RefSeqi
    WP_011279059.1, NC_007181.1

    Genome annotation databases

    Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

    More...
    EnsemblBacteriai
    AAY81557; AAY81557; Saci_2271

    Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

    More...
    GeneIDi
    3474532

    KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

    More...
    KEGGi
    sai:Saci_2271

    Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

    More...
    PATRICi
    fig|330779.12.peg.2280

    <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

    <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    CP000077 Genomic DNA Translation: AAY81557.1
    RefSeqiWP_011279059.1, NC_007181.1

    3D structure databases

    SMRiQ4J6M3
    ModBaseiSearch...

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    STRINGi330779.Saci_2271

    Genome annotation databases

    EnsemblBacteriaiAAY81557; AAY81557; Saci_2271
    GeneIDi3474532
    KEGGisai:Saci_2271
    PATRICifig|330779.12.peg.2280

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGiarCOG01167, Archaea
    HOGENOMiCLU_001681_2_0_2
    OMAiERNVTHY

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BioCyciSACI330779:G1G4L-2247-MONOMER
    BRENDAi1.2.99.8, 6160

    Family and domain databases

    InterProiView protein in InterPro
    IPR000674, Ald_Oxase/Xan_DH_a/b
    IPR036856, Ald_Oxase/Xan_DH_a/b_sf
    IPR008274, AldOxase/xan_DH_Mopterin-bd
    IPR037165, AldOxase/xan_DH_Mopterin-bd_sf
    PfamiView protein in Pfam
    PF01315, Ald_Xan_dh_C, 1 hit
    PF02738, Ald_Xan_dh_C2, 1 hit
    SMARTiView protein in SMART
    SM01008, Ald_Xan_dh_C, 1 hit
    SUPFAMiSSF54665, SSF54665, 1 hit
    SSF56003, SSF56003, 1 hit

    MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

    More...
    MobiDBi
    Search...

    <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCUTA_SULAC
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q4J6M3
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 13, 2013
    Last sequence update: August 2, 2005
    Last modified: June 2, 2021
    This is version 76 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
    <p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

    <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

    Documents

    1. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families
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