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Entry version 48 (16 Jan 2019)
Sequence version 2 (05 May 2009)
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Protein

Galactocerebrosidase

Gene

galc

Organism
Xenopus laevis (African clawed frog)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Hydrolyzes the galactose ester bonds of galactosylceramide, galactosylsphingosine, lactosylceramide, and monogalactosyldiglyceride.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei101SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei143SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei189SubstrateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei190Proton donor/acceptorBy similarity1
Active sitei265NucleophileBy similarity1
Binding sitei387SubstrateBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionGlycosidase, Hydrolase
Biological processLipid degradation, Lipid metabolism, Sphingolipid metabolism

Protein family/group databases

Carbohydrate-Active enZymes

More...
CAZyi
GH59 Glycoside Hydrolase Family 59

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Galactocerebrosidase (EC:3.2.1.46)
Short name:
GALCERase
Alternative name(s):
Galactosylceramidase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:galc
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri8355 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiAmphibiaBatrachiaAnuraPipoideaPipidaeXenopodinaeXenopusXenopus

Organism-specific databases

Xenopus laevis and tropicalis biology and genomics resource

More...
Xenbasei
XB-GENE-1000113 galc

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Lysosome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 33Sequence analysisAdd BLAST33
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000037071534 – 677GalactocerebrosidaseAdd BLAST644

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi278 ↔ 385By similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi291N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi370N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi381N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi394N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi399N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi424N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi441N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi509N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi549N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi630N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q498K0

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q498K0

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 59 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
364933at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.20.20.70, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013785 Aldolase_TIM
IPR001286 Glyco_hydro_59
IPR035394 Glyco_hydro_59_dom
IPR017853 Glycoside_hydrolase_SF

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR15172 PTHR15172, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02057 Glyco_hydro_59, 1 hit
PF17387 Glyco_hydro_59M, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00850 GLHYDRLASE59

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51445 SSF51445, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q498K0-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGTVPAGSRR APGCGEGMFI LCLALLLAPG APAQYSVDDF GGLGRMFDGI
60 70 80 90 100
GAISGGGATS RLLVNYPEPQ RTEILDYLFK PNFGASLHIF KVEIGGDAQT
110 120 130 140 150
TDGTEPSHMH YPDDQNYFRG YEWWLMKEAK KRNPAIKLIG LPWAFPGWIG
160 170 180 190 200
YGKNWPYDFP DVTAYYVVSW IIGAKQYHNL DIDYIGIWNE RAYDIKYIKV
210 220 230 240 250
LRHTLDRLGL TNVGIIAADG DWGIAHDVLI DPYLNEAVQV IGAHYPGTHA
260 270 280 290 300
AQDAIQTGKT LWASEDYSTY NDEVGGGCWA RILNQNYVNG NMTSTISWNM
310 320 330 340 350
VASYYEQLPF GLEGLMTAKE PWSGNYVVST PIWITAHTTQ FTQPGWYYLR
360 370 380 390 400
TVGHLDKGGS YVALTDRLGN LTVIIETMSH NNSICIRPPL PEYNVSAQNA
410 420 430 440 450
TFYLQGSFQN LQELQVWYSN LDINNTKPVT FKKLTPVKVQ NGSFTLQLGV
460 470 480 490 500
NEVYTVTTLL TGQKGSFPDP PKSKPFPLKY KDDFSVRNPP FSEAPYFADQ
510 520 530 540 550
SGVFEYFTNT SDPGDHVFTF RQVLTQRPIT WASDANQAIS VIGNYQWSNI
560 570 580 590 600
TVTCDIYIET VETGGVFVAA RVDQGGSPTD RAKGIFFWVF ADGTYKVTGD
610 620 630 640 650
LIGEIVLCKG LAGVRARSWH TLTLHVDGTN ASGLLNGSPL WKEVVTGGPL
660 670
HGWAAIGTSS FEFTQFDNFM IEAKDPE
Length:677
Mass (Da):75,061
Last modified:May 5, 2009 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i5ACED0C555AF7A04
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAI00188 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC081270 mRNA Translation: AAH81270.1
BC100187 mRNA Translation: AAI00188.1 Different initiation.

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
XP_018085879.1, XM_018230390.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

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UniGenei
Xl.5500

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
446948

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC081270 mRNA Translation: AAH81270.1
BC100187 mRNA Translation: AAI00188.1 Different initiation.
RefSeqiXP_018085879.1, XM_018230390.1
UniGeneiXl.5500

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ498K0
SMRiQ498K0
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGH59 Glycoside Hydrolase Family 59

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi446948

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
446948
XenbaseiXB-GENE-1000113 galc

Phylogenomic databases

OrthoDBi364933at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.20.20.70, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013785 Aldolase_TIM
IPR001286 Glyco_hydro_59
IPR035394 Glyco_hydro_59_dom
IPR017853 Glycoside_hydrolase_SF
PANTHERiPTHR15172 PTHR15172, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02057 Glyco_hydro_59, 1 hit
PF17387 Glyco_hydro_59M, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00850 GLHYDRLASE59
SUPFAMiSSF51445 SSF51445, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGALC_XENLA
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q498K0
Secondary accession number(s): Q66IP0
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 5, 2009
Last sequence update: May 5, 2009
Last modified: January 16, 2019
This is version 48 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Glycosyl hydrolases
    Classification of glycosyl hydrolase families and list of entries
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