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Entry version 138 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Nov 1996)
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Protein

NADPH-dependent 7-cyano-7-deazaguanine reductase

Gene

queF

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of 7-cyano-7-deazaguanine (preQ0) to 7-aminomethyl-7-deazaguanine (preQ1), a late step in the queuosine pathway. Is highly specific for its natural substrate preQ0, since it cannot use various aliphatic, aromatic, benzylic and heterocyclic nitriles, such as acetonitrile, benzonitrile, benzylcyanide and 2-cyanopyrrole, although it can reduce the substrate analog 5-cyanopyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-one with lesser efficiency.3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

KM for preQ0 appears to be inferior to 1.5 µM, and kcat is 0.1268 sec(-1) (PubMed:23410922). kcat is 6.5 min(-1) with preQ0 as substrate and 3.6 min(-1) with 5-cyanopyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-one as substrate (PubMed:23595998).2 Publications
  1. KM=36 µM for NADPH3 Publications
  2. KM=6.0 µM for NADPH3 Publications
  3. KM=6.1 µM for 7-cyano-7-deazaguanine3 Publications
  4. KM=176 µM for 5-cyanopyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-one3 Publications

    pH dependencei

    Optimum pH is 7. Retains less than 20% of activity at pH 9 (PubMed:23410922).1 Publication

    Temperature dependencei

    Optimum temperature is 37 degrees Celsius. Displays a half life of 28.2 hours and 12.8 hours at 37 and 40 degrees Celsius, respectively, but at 50 degrees Celsius the half life time drops to 6 minutes (PubMed:23410922).1 Publication

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: tRNA-queuosine biosynthesis

    This protein is involved in the pathway tRNA-queuosine biosynthesis, which is part of tRNA modification.
    View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway tRNA-queuosine biosynthesis and in tRNA modification.

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei190Thioimide intermediate1 Publication1
    Active sitei197Proton donor1 Publication1

    Regions

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi90 – 91NADPHBy similarity2
    Nucleotide bindingi258 – 259NADPHBy similarity2

    <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

    GO - Biological processi

    <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

    Molecular functionOxidoreductase
    Biological processQueuosine biosynthesis
    LigandNADP

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

    More...
    BioCyci
    EcoCyc:G7452-MONOMER
    ECOL316407:JW2765-MONOMER
    MetaCyc:G7452-MONOMER

    BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

    More...
    BRENDAi
    1.7.1.13 2026

    UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

    More...
    UniPathwayi
    UPA00392

    <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    NADPH-dependent 7-cyano-7-deazaguanine reductase (EC:1.7.1.13)
    Alternative name(s):
    7-cyano-7-carbaguanine reductase
    NADPH-dependent nitrile oxidoreductase
    PreQ(0) reductase
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
    Name:queF
    Synonyms:yqcD
    Ordered Locus Names:b2794, JW2765
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
    • UP000000318 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
    • UP000000625 Componenti: Chromosome

    Organism-specific databases

    Escherichia coli strain K12 genome database

    More...
    EcoGenei
    EG13173 queF

    <p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

    GO - Cellular componenti

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Cytoplasm

    <p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

    Mutagenesis

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi89E → A or L: Drastic decrease in activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi90S → A: 9-fold decrease in specific activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi190C → A: Loss of catalytic activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi197D → N: Loss of catalytic activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi228F → W: 11-fold decrease in specific activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi229H → A: 6.5-fold decrease in specific activity. 1 Publication1
    Mutagenesisi230E → Q: 26-fold decrease in specific activity. 1 Publication1

    <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001630311 – 282NADPH-dependent 7-cyano-7-deazaguanine reductaseAdd BLAST282

    Proteomic databases

    jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

    More...
    jPOSTi
    Q46920

    PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

    More...
    PaxDbi
    Q46920

    PRoteomics IDEntifications database

    More...
    PRIDEi
    Q46920

    <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

    Homodimer.

    1 Publication

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

    More...
    BioGridi
    4262149, 54 interactors

    Database of interacting proteins

    More...
    DIPi
    DIP-12848N

    Protein interaction database and analysis system

    More...
    IntActi
    Q46920, 6 interactors

    STRING: functional protein association networks

    More...
    STRINGi
    511145.b2794

    <p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

    3D structure databases

    SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

    More...
    SMRi
    Q46920

    Database of comparative protein structure models

    More...
    ModBasei
    Search...

    <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

    Region

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni88 – 90Substrate bindingCurated3
    Regioni229 – 230Substrate bindingCurated2

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

    Phylogenomic databases

    evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

    More...
    eggNOGi
    ENOG4107R1K Bacteria
    COG0780 LUCA
    COG2904 LUCA

    The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

    More...
    HOGENOMi
    HOG000273755

    InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

    More...
    InParanoidi
    Q46920

    KEGG Orthology (KO)

    More...
    KOi
    K06879

    Family and domain databases

    HAMAP database of protein families

    More...
    HAMAPi
    MF_00817 QueF_type2, 1 hit

    Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

    More...
    InterProi
    View protein in InterPro
    IPR029500 QueF
    IPR029139 QueF_N
    IPR016428 QueF_type2

    Pfam protein domain database

    More...
    Pfami
    View protein in Pfam
    PF14489 QueF, 1 hit
    PF14819 QueF_N, 1 hit

    PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

    More...
    PIRSFi
    PIRSF004750 Nitrile_oxidored_YqcD_prd, 1 hit

    TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

    More...
    TIGRFAMsi
    TIGR03138 QueF, 1 hit

    <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

    Q46920-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
    « Hide
            10         20         30         40         50
    MSSYANHQAL AGLTLGKSTD YRDTYDASLL QGVPRSLNRD PLGLKADNLP
    60 70 80 90 100
    FHGTDIWTLY ELSWLNAKGL PQVAVGHVEL DYTSVNLIES KSFKLYLNSF
    110 120 130 140 150
    NQTRFNNWDE VRQTLERDLS TCAQGKISVA LYRLDELEGQ PIGHFNGTCI
    160 170 180 190 200
    DDQDITIDNY EFTTDYLENA TCGEKVVEET LVSHLLKSNC LITHQPDWGS
    210 220 230 240 250
    LQIQYRGRQI DREKLLRYLV SFRHHNEFHE QCVERIFNDL LRFCQPEKLS
    260 270 280
    VYARYTRRGG LDINPWRSNS DFVPSTTRLV RQ
    Length:282
    Mass (Da):32,588
    Last modified:November 1, 1996 - v1
    <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i3C22B9BA7AA3C79D
    GO

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:

    EMBL nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    EMBLi

    GenBank nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    GenBanki

    DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    U29581 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB40444.1
    U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC75836.1
    AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE76866.1

    Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

    More...
    PIRi
    F65061

    NCBI Reference Sequences

    More...
    RefSeqi
    NP_417274.1, NC_000913.3
    WP_000100421.1, NZ_LN832404.1

    Genome annotation databases

    Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

    More...
    EnsemblBacteriai
    AAC75836; AAC75836; b2794
    BAE76866; BAE76866; BAE76866

    Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

    More...
    GeneIDi
    947270

    KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

    More...
    KEGGi
    ecj:JW2765
    eco:b2794

    Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

    More...
    PATRICi
    fig|1411691.4.peg.3939

    <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

    <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    U29581 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB40444.1
    U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC75836.1
    AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE76866.1
    PIRiF65061
    RefSeqiNP_417274.1, NC_000913.3
    WP_000100421.1, NZ_LN832404.1

    3D structure databases

    SMRiQ46920
    ModBaseiSearch...

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    BioGridi4262149, 54 interactors
    DIPiDIP-12848N
    IntActiQ46920, 6 interactors
    STRINGi511145.b2794

    Proteomic databases

    jPOSTiQ46920
    PaxDbiQ46920
    PRIDEiQ46920

    Genome annotation databases

    EnsemblBacteriaiAAC75836; AAC75836; b2794
    BAE76866; BAE76866; BAE76866
    GeneIDi947270
    KEGGiecj:JW2765
    eco:b2794
    PATRICifig|1411691.4.peg.3939

    Organism-specific databases

    EchoBASE - an integrated post-genomic database for E. coli

    More...
    EchoBASEi
    EB2965
    EcoGeneiEG13173 queF

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGiENOG4107R1K Bacteria
    COG0780 LUCA
    COG2904 LUCA
    HOGENOMiHOG000273755
    InParanoidiQ46920
    KOiK06879

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    UniPathwayiUPA00392
    BioCyciEcoCyc:G7452-MONOMER
    ECOL316407:JW2765-MONOMER
    MetaCyc:G7452-MONOMER
    BRENDAi1.7.1.13 2026

    Miscellaneous databases

    Protein Ontology

    More...
    PROi
    PR:Q46920

    Family and domain databases

    HAMAPiMF_00817 QueF_type2, 1 hit
    InterProiView protein in InterPro
    IPR029500 QueF
    IPR029139 QueF_N
    IPR016428 QueF_type2
    PfamiView protein in Pfam
    PF14489 QueF, 1 hit
    PF14819 QueF_N, 1 hit
    PIRSFiPIRSF004750 Nitrile_oxidored_YqcD_prd, 1 hit
    TIGRFAMsiTIGR03138 QueF, 1 hit

    ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

    More...
    ProtoNeti
    Search...

    MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

    More...
    MobiDBi
    Search...

    <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiQUEF_ECOLI
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q46920
    Secondary accession number(s): Q2MA40
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
    Last sequence update: November 1, 1996
    Last modified: May 8, 2019
    This is version 138 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

    <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    Complete proteome, Reference proteome

    Documents

    1. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families
    2. PATHWAY comments
      Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
    3. Escherichia coli
      Escherichia coli (strain K12): entries and cross-references to EcoGene
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