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Entry version 126 (23 Feb 2022)
Sequence version 2 (01 Dec 2000)
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Protein

CRISPR system Cascade subunit CasD

Gene

casD

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat), is an adaptive immune system that provides protection against mobile genetic elements (viruses, transposable elements and conjugative plasmids). CRISPR clusters contain sequences complementary to antecedent mobile elements and target invading nucleic acids. CRISPR clusters are transcribed and processed into CRISPR RNA (crRNA).

A component of Cascade, which participates in CRISPR interference, the third stage of CRISPR immunity. Cascade binds both crRNA and in a sequence-specific manner negatively supercoiled dsDNA target. This leads to the formation of an R-loop in which the crRNA binds the target DNA, displacing the noncomplementary strand. Cas3 is recruited to Cascade, nicks target DNA and then unwinds and cleaves the target, leading to DNA degradation and invader neutralization. CasCDE alone is also able to form R-loops.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processAntiviral defense

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
EcoCyc:G7427-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
CRISPR system Cascade subunit CasD
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:casD
Synonyms:cas5, ygcI
Ordered Locus Names:b2757, JW5844
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000318 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
  • UP000000625 Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Loss of resistance to bacteriophage lambda infection, loss of plasmid silencing. Decreased levels of crRNA.3 Publications

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000138961 – 224CRISPR system Cascade subunit CasDAdd BLAST224

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

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PaxDbi
Q46898

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

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PRIDEi
Q46898

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Repressed by H-NS, activated by LeuO. Activated by the BaeSR two-component regulatory system, possibly due to envelope stress. Part of the casABCDE-ygbT-ygbF operon.3 Publications

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Part of the Cascade ribonucleoprotein complex, with stoichiometry CasA1,CasB2,CasC6,CasD1,CasE1-crRNA1.

Interacts directly with CasA and CasC. Stable subcomplexes of CasBCDE-crRNA and CasCDE-crRNA also form, both of which are able to bind target dsDNA, and at least CasCDE is able to form R-loops. CasCDE and CasCE complexes have endonuclease activity. Binding of target ssRNA or dsDNA causes a conformational change in the Cascade complex.

6 Publications

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
4261109, 689 interactors

ComplexPortal: manually curated resource of macromolecular complexes

More...
ComplexPortali
CPX-1005, Cascade complex

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-12125N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q46898, 4 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
511145.b2757

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1224
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
Q46898

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

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PDBe-KBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG502ZBPB, Bacteria

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_084726_0_0_6

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
Q46898

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q46898

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR021124, CRISPR-assoc_prot_Cas5
IPR013422, CRISPR-assoc_prot_Cas5_N
IPR010147, CRISPR-assoc_prot_CasD

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF09704, Cas_Cas5d, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01868, casD_Cas5e, 1 hit
TIGR02593, CRISPR_cas5, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q46898-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MRSYLILRLA GPMQAWGQPT FEGTRPTGRF PTRSGLLGLL GACLGIQRDD
60 70 80 90 100
TSSLQALSES VQFAVRCDEL ILDDRRVSVT GLRDYHTVLG AREDYRGLKS
110 120 130 140 150
HETIQTWREY LCDASFTVAL WLTPHATMVI SELEKAVLKP RYTPYLGRRS
160 170 180 190 200
CPLTHPLFLG TCQASDPQKA LLNYEPVGGD IYSEESVTGH HLKFTARDEP
210 220
MITLPRQFAS REWYVIKGGM DVSQ
Length:224
Mass (Da):25,209
Last modified:December 1, 2000 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i1C42CC009B317D68
GO

<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAA69267 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Extended N-terminus.Curated

<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports information derived from mass spectrometry experiments done on the entire protein or on biologically active derived peptide(s).<p><a href='/help/mass_spectrometry' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mass spectrometryi

Molecular mass is 25210.4±3.8 Da. 1 Publication

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

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DDBJi
Links Updated
U29579 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA69267.1 Different initiation.
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC75799.2
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE76834.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

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PIRi
A65057

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
NP_417237.2, NC_000913.3
WP_001334996.1, NZ_LN832404.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAC75799; AAC75799; b2757
BAE76834; BAE76834; BAE76834

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
947225

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecj:JW5844
eco:b2757

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|1411691.4.peg.3981

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U29579 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA69267.1 Different initiation.
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC75799.2
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE76834.1
PIRiA65057
RefSeqiNP_417237.2, NC_000913.3
WP_001334996.1, NZ_LN832404.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

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RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
4QYZX-ray3.03J1-224[»]
4TVXX-ray3.24H/T1-224[»]
4U7UX-ray3.00K/W1-224[»]
5CD4X-ray3.20H/T1-224[»]
5H9EX-ray3.21J1-224[»]
5H9FX-ray2.45J1-224[»]
SMRiQ46898
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi4261109, 689 interactors
ComplexPortaliCPX-1005, Cascade complex
DIPiDIP-12125N
IntActiQ46898, 4 interactors
STRINGi511145.b2757

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ46898
PRIDEiQ46898

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAC75799; AAC75799; b2757
BAE76834; BAE76834; BAE76834
GeneIDi947225
KEGGiecj:JW5844
eco:b2757
PATRICifig|1411691.4.peg.3981

Organism-specific databases

EchoBASE - an integrated post-genomic database for E. coli

More...
EchoBASEi
EB2917

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG502ZBPB, Bacteria
HOGENOMiCLU_084726_0_0_6
InParanoidiQ46898
PhylomeDBiQ46898

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciEcoCyc:G7427-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q46898

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR021124, CRISPR-assoc_prot_Cas5
IPR013422, CRISPR-assoc_prot_Cas5_N
IPR010147, CRISPR-assoc_prot_CasD
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF09704, Cas_Cas5d, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01868, casD_Cas5e, 1 hit
TIGR02593, CRISPR_cas5, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCAS5_ECOLI
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q46898
Secondary accession number(s): Q2MA72
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 1, 2000
Last sequence update: December 1, 2000
Last modified: February 23, 2022
This is version 126 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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