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Entry version 98 (31 Jul 2019)
Sequence version 1 (27 Sep 2005)
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Protein

Solute carrier family 22 member 12

Gene

Slc22a12

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Required for efficient urate re-absorption in the kidney. Regulates blood urate levels. Mediates saturable urate uptake by facilitating the exchange of urate against organic anions or chloride ions (By similarity).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processIon transport, Transport

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-561048 Organic anion transport

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Solute carrier family 22 member 12
Alternative name(s):
Urate anion exchanger 1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Slc22a12
Synonyms:Urat1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
621628 Slc22a12

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei16 – 36HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei146 – 166HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei182 – 202HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei204 – 224HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei232 – 252HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei260 – 280HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei351 – 371HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei378 – 398HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei407 – 427HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei435 – 455HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei466 – 486HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei495 – 515HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL1075239

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003079461 – 553Solute carrier family 22 member 12Add BLAST553

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi56N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi102N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi107N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei534PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q3ZAV1

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q3ZAV1

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q3ZAV1

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q3ZAV1

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000021108 Expressed in 8 organ(s), highest expression level in adult mammalian kidney

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q3ZAV1 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q3ZAV1 RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with PDZK1.

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000028665

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

More...
BindingDBi
Q3ZAV1

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0255 Eukaryota
COG0477 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000162485

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000234569

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q3ZAV1

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K08208

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
464838at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q3ZAV1

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF315847

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR020846 MFS_dom
IPR005828 MFS_sugar_transport-like
IPR036259 MFS_trans_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00083 Sugar_tr, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF103473 SSF103473, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50850 MFS, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 2 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q3ZAV1-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAFPELLDRV GGRGRFQLLQ AVALVTPILW VTTQNMLENF SAAVPHHRCW
60 70 80 90 100
VPLLDNSTSQ ASIPGDFGRD VLLAVSIPPG PDQRPHQCLR FRQPQWQLIE
110 120 130 140 150
SNTTATNWSD ADTEPCEDGW VYDHSTFRST IVTTWDLVCD SQALRPMAQS
160 170 180 190 200
IFLAGILVGA AVCGHASDRF GRRRVLTWSY LLVSVSGTIA ALMPTFPLYC
210 220 230 240 250
LFRFLVASAV AGVMMNTASL LMEWTSAQAG PLMMTLNALG FSFGQVLTGS
260 270 280 290 300
VAYGVRSWRM LQLAVSAPFF LFFVYSWWLP ESARWLITVG RLDQSLRELQ
310 320 330 340 350
RVAAVNRRKA EADTLTVEVL RSAMQEEPNG NQAGARLGTL LHTPGLRLRT
360 370 380 390 400
FISMLCWFAF GFTFYGLALD LQALGSNIFL LQALIGIVDL PVKMGSLLLL
410 420 430 440 450
SRLGRRLCQA SSLVLPGLCI LANILVPREM GILRSSLAVL GLGSLGAAFT
460 470 480 490 500
CVTIFSSELF PTVIRMTAVG LGQVAARGGA MLGPLVRLLG VYGSWLPLLV
510 520 530 540 550
YGVVPVLSGL AALLLPETKN LPLPDTIQDI QKQSVKKVTH DIAGGSVLKS

ARL
Length:553
Mass (Da):60,245
Last modified:September 27, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA264F7CFD937CCD8
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 2 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A0H2UHT0A0A0H2UHT0_RAT
Solute carrier family 22 member 12
Slc22a12
629Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A0U1RS31A0A0U1RS31_RAT
Solute carrier family 22 member 12
Slc22a12
141Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC103638 mRNA Translation: AAI03639.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001030115.1, NM_001034943.1
XP_008758383.1, XM_008760161.2
XP_008758384.1, XM_008760162.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000092270; ENSRNOP00000075925; ENSRNOG00000021108

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
365398

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:365398

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:621628 rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC103638 mRNA Translation: AAI03639.1
RefSeqiNP_001030115.1, NM_001034943.1
XP_008758383.1, XM_008760161.2
XP_008758384.1, XM_008760162.2

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000028665

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiQ3ZAV1
ChEMBLiCHEMBL1075239

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ3ZAV1
PhosphoSitePlusiQ3ZAV1

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ3ZAV1
PRIDEiQ3ZAV1

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000092270; ENSRNOP00000075925; ENSRNOG00000021108
GeneIDi365398
KEGGirno:365398
UCSCiRGD:621628 rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
116085
RGDi621628 Slc22a12

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0255 Eukaryota
COG0477 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000162485
HOGENOMiHOG000234569
InParanoidiQ3ZAV1
KOiK08208
OrthoDBi464838at2759
PhylomeDBiQ3ZAV1
TreeFamiTF315847

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-561048 Organic anion transport

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q3ZAV1

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000021108 Expressed in 8 organ(s), highest expression level in adult mammalian kidney
ExpressionAtlasiQ3ZAV1 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ3ZAV1 RN

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR020846 MFS_dom
IPR005828 MFS_sugar_transport-like
IPR036259 MFS_trans_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00083 Sugar_tr, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF103473 SSF103473, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50850 MFS, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiS22AC_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q3ZAV1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 23, 2007
Last sequence update: September 27, 2005
Last modified: July 31, 2019
This is version 98 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
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