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Entry version 98 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (11 Oct 2005)
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Protein

Delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase

Gene

Aldh18a1

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-proline biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 and 2 of the subpathway that synthesizes L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde from L-glutamate.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase (Aldh18a1), Delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase (Aldh18a1)
  2. Delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase (Aldh18a1), Delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase (Aldh18a1)
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-proline biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amino-acid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde from L-glutamate, the pathway L-proline biosynthesis and in Amino-acid biosynthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionKinaseUniRule annotation, OxidoreductaseUniRule annotation, Transferase
Biological processAmino-acid biosynthesis, Proline biosynthesisUniRule annotation
LigandATP-bindingUniRule annotation, NADPUniRule annotation, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00098;UER00359
UPA00098;UER00360

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthaseUniRule annotation
Including the following 2 domains:
Glutamate 5-kinaseUniRule annotation (EC:2.7.2.11UniRule annotation)
Short name:
GKUniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
Gamma-glutamyl kinaseUniRule annotation
Gamma-glutamyl phosphate reductaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.2.1.41UniRule annotation)
Short name:
GPRUniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
Glutamate-5-semialdehyde dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation
Glutamyl-gamma-semialdehyde dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Aldh18a1Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus

Organism-specific databases

Mouse genome database (MGD) from Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI)

More...
MGIi
MGI:1888908 Aldh18a1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Proteomic databases

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q3TWN8

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q3TWN8

PTM databases

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

More...
SwissPalmi
Q3TWN8

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini71 – 329AA_kinaseInterPro annotationAdd BLAST259
Domaini363 – 627AldedhInterPro annotationAdd BLAST265

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

In the C-terminal section; belongs to the gamma-glutamyl phosphate reductase family.UniRule annotation
In the N-terminal section; belongs to the glutamate 5-kinase family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1154 Eukaryota
KOG4165 Eukaryota
COG0014 LUCA
COG0263 LUCA

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd04256 AAK_P5CS_ProBA, 1 hit
cd07079 ALDH_F18-19_ProA-GPR, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.1160.10, 1 hit
3.40.309.10, 1 hit
3.40.605.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00412 ProA, 1 hit
MF_00456 ProB, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR036393 AceGlu_kinase-like_sf
IPR016161 Ald_DH/histidinol_DH
IPR016163 Ald_DH_C
IPR016162 Ald_DH_N
IPR015590 Aldehyde_DH_dom
IPR001048 Asp/Glu/Uridylate_kinase
IPR020593 G-glutamylP_reductase_CS
IPR041744 G5K_ProBA
IPR001057 Glu/AcGlu_kinase
IPR005715 Glu_5kinase/COase_Synthase
IPR019797 Glutamate_5-kinase_CS
IPR000965 GPR_dom
IPR005766 P5_carboxy_syn

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00696 AA_kinase, 1 hit
PF00171 Aldedh, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF036429 P5C_syn, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00474 GLU5KINASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53633 SSF53633, 1 hit
SSF53720 SSF53720, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01092 P5CS, 1 hit
TIGR00407 proA, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00902 GLUTAMATE_5_KINASE, 1 hit
PS01223 PROA, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q3TWN8-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLRHMHRSGV QPFRQRLLPW VQSIAVPRSN RVQPSAIRHV RSWSNIPFIT
60 70 80 90 100
VPLSRAHGKP FAHRSELKHA KRIVVKLGSA VVTRGDECGL ALGRLASIVE
110 120 130 140 150
QVSVLQNQGR EMMLVTSGAV AFGKQRLRHE ILLSQSVRQA LHSGQNHLKE
160 170 180 190 200
MAIPVLEARA CAAAGQSGLM ALYEAMFTQY SICAAQILVT NLDFHDEQKR
210 220 230 240 250
RNLNGTLHEL LRMNIVPIVN TNDAVVPPAE PNSDLQGVNV ISVKDNDSLA
260 270 280 290 300
ARLAVEKKTD LLIVLSDVEG LFDSPPGSDD AKLIDIFYPG DQQSVTFGTK
310 320 330 340 350
SRVGLGGMEA KVKAALWALQ GGTSVVIANG THPKVSGHVI TDIVEGKKVG
360 370 380 390 400
TFFSEVKPAG PTVEQQGEMA RSGGRMLATL EPEQRAEIIN HLADLLTDQR
410 420 430 440 450
EEILLANKKD LEEAEGRLAS PLLKRLSLST SKLNSLAIGL RQIAASSQES
460 470 480 490 500
VGRVLRRTRI AKNLELEQVT VPIGVLLVIF ESRPDCLPQV AALAIASGNG
510 520 530 540 550
LLLKGGKEAA HSNRILHLLT QEALSIHGVK EAIQLVNTRE EVEDLCRLDK
560 570 580 590 600
IIDLIIPRGS SQLVRDIQKA AKGIPVMGHS EGICHMYVDS EASVDKVTRL
610 620 630 640 650
VRDSKCEYPA ACNALETLLI HRDLLRTPLF DQIIDMLRVE QVKIHAGPKF
660 670 680 690 700
ASYLTFSPSE VKSLRTEYGD LEVCIEVVDS VQEAIDHIHK YGSSHTDVIV
710 720 730 740 750
TENEKTAEFF LQHVDSACVF WNASTRFSDG YRFGLGAEVG ISTSRIHARG
760 770 780 790
PVGLEGLLTT KWLLRGQDHV VSDFSEHGSL KYLHENLPVP QRNFS
Length:795
Mass (Da):87,263
Last modified:October 11, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i877DF0AD57376447
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK159610 mRNA Translation: BAE35228.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK159610 mRNA Translation: BAE35228.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

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SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

PTM databases

SwissPalmiQ3TWN8

Proteomic databases

PeptideAtlasiQ3TWN8
PRIDEiQ3TWN8

Organism-specific databases

MGIiMGI:1888908 Aldh18a1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1154 Eukaryota
KOG4165 Eukaryota
COG0014 LUCA
COG0263 LUCA

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00098;UER00359
UPA00098;UER00360

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
Aldh18a1 mouse

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Family and domain databases

CDDicd04256 AAK_P5CS_ProBA, 1 hit
cd07079 ALDH_F18-19_ProA-GPR, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.40.1160.10, 1 hit
3.40.309.10, 1 hit
3.40.605.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00412 ProA, 1 hit
MF_00456 ProB, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036393 AceGlu_kinase-like_sf
IPR016161 Ald_DH/histidinol_DH
IPR016163 Ald_DH_C
IPR016162 Ald_DH_N
IPR015590 Aldehyde_DH_dom
IPR001048 Asp/Glu/Uridylate_kinase
IPR020593 G-glutamylP_reductase_CS
IPR041744 G5K_ProBA
IPR001057 Glu/AcGlu_kinase
IPR005715 Glu_5kinase/COase_Synthase
IPR019797 Glutamate_5-kinase_CS
IPR000965 GPR_dom
IPR005766 P5_carboxy_syn
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00696 AA_kinase, 1 hit
PF00171 Aldedh, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF036429 P5C_syn, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00474 GLU5KINASE
SUPFAMiSSF53633 SSF53633, 1 hit
SSF53720 SSF53720, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01092 P5CS, 1 hit
TIGR00407 proA, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00902 GLUTAMATE_5_KINASE, 1 hit
PS01223 PROA, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiQ3TWN8_MOUSE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q3TWN8
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: October 11, 2005
Last sequence update: October 11, 2005
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 98 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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