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Entry version 118 (02 Dec 2020)
Sequence version 1 (25 Oct 2005)
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Protein

Actin-related protein 2/3 complex subunit 2

Gene

ARPC2

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Actin-binding component of the Arp2/3 complex, a multiprotein complex that mediates actin polymerization upon stimulation by nucleation-promoting factor (NPF). The Arp2/3 complex mediates the formation of branched actin networks in the cytoplasm, providing the force for cell motility. Seems to contact the mother actin filament. In addition to its role in the cytoplasmic cytoskeleton, the Arp2/3 complex also promotes actin polymerization in the nucleus, thereby regulating gene transcription and repair of damaged DNA. The Arp2/3 complex promotes homologous recombination (HR) repair in response to DNA damage by promoting nuclear actin polymerization, leading to drive motility of double-strand breaks (DSBs).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionActin-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-BTA-3928662, EPHB-mediated forward signaling
R-BTA-8856828, Clathrin-mediated endocytosis

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Actin-related protein 2/3 complex subunit 2
Alternative name(s):
Arp2/3 complex 34 kDa subunit
Short name:
p34-ARC
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ARPC2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:55326, ARPC2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell junction, Cell projection, Cytoplasm, Cytoskeleton, Nucleus, Synapse, Synaptosome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002461701 – 300Actin-related protein 2/3 complex subunit 2Add BLAST300

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei275N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei295N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q3MHR7

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q3MHR7

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q3MHR7

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000010386, Expressed in spleen and 19 other tissues

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Component of the Arp2/3 complex composed of ACTR2/ARP2, ACTR3/ARP3, ARPC1B/p41-ARC, ARPC2/p34-ARC, ARPC3/p21-ARC, ARPC4/p20-ARC and ARPC5/p16-ARC (PubMed:11721045, PubMed:15505213).

Interacts with SHANK3; the interaction probably mediates the association of SHANK3 with the Arp2/3 complex (By similarity).

Interacts with DNAI3; this interaction reduces binding of the Arp2/3 complex to the VCA domain of nucleation promoting factors (By similarity).

By similarity2 Publications

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
197405, 2 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-29792N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q3MHR7, 4 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000013707

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1300
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q3MHR7

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
Q3MHR7

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the ARPC2 family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2826, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000016794

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_059439_2_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q3MHR7

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
YENISHI

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1345377at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF315006

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.30.1460.20, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR007188, ARPC2
IPR034666, ARPC2/4

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR12058, PTHR12058, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF04045, P34-Arc, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF69645, SSF69645, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q3MHR7-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MILLEVNNRI IEETLALKFE NAAAGNKPEA VEVTFADFDG VLYHISNPNG
60 70 80 90 100
DKTKVMVSIS LKFYKELQAH GADELLKRVY GSYLVNPESG YNVSLLYDLE
110 120 130 140 150
NLPASKDSIV HQAGMLKRNC FASVFEKYFQ FQEEGKEGEN RAVIHYRDDE
160 170 180 190 200
TMYVESKKDR VTVVFSTVFK DDDDVVIGKV FMQEFKEGRR ASHTAPQVLF
210 220 230 240 250
SHREPPLELK DTDAAVGDNI GYITFVLFPR HTNASARDNT INLIHTFRDY
260 270 280 290 300
LHYHIKCSKA YIHTRMRAKT SDFLKVLNRA RPDAEKKEMK TITGKTFSSR
Length:300
Mass (Da):34,349
Last modified:October 25, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i60801D999BFBF947
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC105136 mRNA Translation: AAI05137.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001029885.1, NM_001034713.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000013707; ENSBTAP00000013707; ENSBTAG00000010386
ENSBTAT00000070600; ENSBTAP00000069123; ENSBTAG00000010386

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
540838

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:540838

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC105136 mRNA Translation: AAI05137.1
RefSeqiNP_001029885.1, NM_001034713.2

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1K8KX-ray2.00D1-300[»]
1TYQX-ray2.55D1-300[»]
1U2VX-ray2.55D1-300[»]
2P9IX-ray2.46D1-300[»]
2P9KX-ray2.59D1-300[»]
2P9LX-ray2.65D1-300[»]
2P9NX-ray2.85D1-300[»]
2P9PX-ray2.90D1-300[»]
2P9SX-ray2.68D1-300[»]
2P9UX-ray2.75D1-300[»]
3DXKX-ray2.70D1-300[»]
3DXMX-ray2.85D1-300[»]
3RSEX-ray2.65D1-300[»]
3UKRX-ray2.48D1-300[»]
3UKUX-ray2.75D1-300[»]
3ULEX-ray2.50D1-300[»]
4JD2X-ray3.08D1-300[»]
4XEIX-ray3.87D1-300[»]
4XF2X-ray5.00D/W1-300[»]
6DECX-ray4.60D/K1-300[»]
SMRiQ3MHR7
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi197405, 2 interactors
DIPiDIP-29792N
IntActiQ3MHR7, 4 interactors
STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000013707

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ3MHR7
PeptideAtlasiQ3MHR7
PRIDEiQ3MHR7

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000013707; ENSBTAP00000013707; ENSBTAG00000010386
ENSBTAT00000070600; ENSBTAP00000069123; ENSBTAG00000010386
GeneIDi540838
KEGGibta:540838

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
10109
VGNCiVGNC:55326, ARPC2

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2826, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000016794
HOGENOMiCLU_059439_2_0_1
InParanoidiQ3MHR7
OMAiYENISHI
OrthoDBi1345377at2759
TreeFamiTF315006

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-3928662, EPHB-mediated forward signaling
R-BTA-8856828, Clathrin-mediated endocytosis

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiQ3MHR7

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000010386, Expressed in spleen and 19 other tissues

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.1460.20, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR007188, ARPC2
IPR034666, ARPC2/4
PANTHERiPTHR12058, PTHR12058, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF04045, P34-Arc, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF69645, SSF69645, 2 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiARPC2_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q3MHR7
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 25, 2006
Last sequence update: October 25, 2005
Last modified: December 2, 2020
This is version 118 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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