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Entry version 74 (16 Jan 2019)
Sequence version 1 (22 Nov 2005)
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Protein

Succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] iron-sulfur subunit, mitochondrial

Gene

sdhb

Organism
Xenopus laevis (African clawed frog)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Iron-sulfur protein (IP) subunit of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) that is involved in complex II of the mitochondrial electron transport chain and is responsible for transferring electrons from succinate to ubiquinone (coenzyme Q).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Protein has several cofactor binding sites:

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: tricarboxylic acid cycle

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes fumarate from succinate (eukaryal route).
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] iron-sulfur subunit, mitochondrial (sdhb), Succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] flavoprotein subunit, mitochondrial (XELAEV_18031324mg), Succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] flavoprotein subunit B, mitochondrial (sdha-b), Succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] flavoprotein subunit, mitochondrial (XELAEV_18033323mg), Succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] iron-sulfur subunit, mitochondrial (XELAEV_18037955mg), Succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] iron-sulfur subunit, mitochondrial (sdhb), Succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] flavoprotein subunit A, mitochondrial (sdha-a)
This subpathway is part of the pathway tricarboxylic acid cycle, which is itself part of Carbohydrate metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes fumarate from succinate (eukaryal route), the pathway tricarboxylic acid cycle and in Carbohydrate metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi95Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi100Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi103Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi115Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi188Iron-sulfur 2 (4Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi191Iron-sulfur 2 (4Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi194Iron-sulfur 2 (4Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi198Iron-sulfur 3 (3Fe-4S)By similarity1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei203Ubiquinone; shared with dhsdBy similarity1
Metal bindingi245Iron-sulfur 3 (3Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi251Iron-sulfur 3 (3Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi255Iron-sulfur 2 (4Fe-4S)By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processElectron transport, Transport, Tricarboxylic acid cycle
Ligand2Fe-2S, 3Fe-4S, 4Fe-4S, Iron, Iron-sulfur, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00223;UER01006

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] iron-sulfur subunit, mitochondrial (EC:1.3.5.1)
Alternative name(s):
Iron-sulfur subunit of complex II
Short name:
Ip
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:sdhb
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri8355 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiAmphibiaBatrachiaAnuraPipoideaPipidaeXenopodinaeXenopusXenopus

Organism-specific databases

Xenopus laevis and tropicalis biology and genomics resource

More...
Xenbasei
XB-GENE-970197 sdhb

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane, Mitochondrion, Mitochondrion inner membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 26MitochondrionBy similarityAdd BLAST26
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000034380227 – 282Succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] iron-sulfur subunit, mitochondrialAdd BLAST256

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Component of complex II composed of four subunits: the flavoprotein (FP) sdha, iron-sulfur protein (IP) sdhb, and a cytochrome b composed of sdhc and sdhd.By similarity

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q3B8J8

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q3B8J8

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini42 – 1352Fe-2S ferredoxin-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST94
Domaini178 – 2084Fe-4S ferredoxin-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST31

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG005483

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00235

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1264157at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00207 fer2, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.1060.10, 1 hit
3.10.20.30, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR036010 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-like_sf
IPR001041 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-type
IPR006058 2Fe2S_fd_BS
IPR017896 4Fe4S_Fe-S-bd
IPR017900 4Fe4S_Fe_S_CS
IPR012675 Beta-grasp_dom_sf
IPR009051 Helical_ferredxn
IPR004489 Succ_DH/fum_Rdtase_Fe-S
IPR025192 Succ_DH/fum_Rdtase_N

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF13085 Fer2_3, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF46548 SSF46548, 1 hit
SSF54292 SSF54292, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00384 dhsB, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00197 2FE2S_FER_1, 1 hit
PS51085 2FE2S_FER_2, 1 hit
PS00198 4FE4S_FER_1, 1 hit
PS51379 4FE4S_FER_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q3B8J8-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAAVVFSLRR SGPVLRLSGA LQVSRGAQTA AAPASQAAAR IKKFAIYRWD
60 70 80 90 100
PDKPGDKPRM QTYEVDLNTC GPMVLDALIK IKNEVDPTLT FRRSCREGIC
110 120 130 140 150
GSCAMNINGG NTLACTVRID TNLSKVSKIY PLPHMYVVKD LVPDLSNFYA
160 170 180 190 200
QYKSIEPYLK KKDKSQQGKE QYLQSIEDRD KLDGLYECIL CACCSTSCPS
210 220 230 240 250
YWWNADKYLG PAVLMQAYRW MIDSRDDFTE ERLSKLQDPF SLYRCHTIMN
260 270 280
CTRTCPKGLN PGKAIAEIKK MMAMYKERAV SA
Length:282
Mass (Da):31,777
Last modified:November 22, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iFCEE9AA00E84E689
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti164K → E in AAH43859 (Ref. 1) Curated1
Sequence conflicti279A → V in AAH43859 (Ref. 1) Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC043859 mRNA Translation: AAH43859.1
BC106300 mRNA Translation: AAI06301.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001080247.1, NM_001086778.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Xl.12560

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
379939

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
xla:379939

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC043859 mRNA Translation: AAH43859.1
BC106300 mRNA Translation: AAI06301.1
RefSeqiNP_001080247.1, NM_001086778.1
UniGeneiXl.12560

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ3B8J8
SMRiQ3B8J8
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi379939
KEGGixla:379939

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
379939
XenbaseiXB-GENE-970197 sdhb

Phylogenomic databases

HOVERGENiHBG005483
KOiK00235
OrthoDBi1264157at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00223;UER01006

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00207 fer2, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.1060.10, 1 hit
3.10.20.30, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036010 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-like_sf
IPR001041 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-type
IPR006058 2Fe2S_fd_BS
IPR017896 4Fe4S_Fe-S-bd
IPR017900 4Fe4S_Fe_S_CS
IPR012675 Beta-grasp_dom_sf
IPR009051 Helical_ferredxn
IPR004489 Succ_DH/fum_Rdtase_Fe-S
IPR025192 Succ_DH/fum_Rdtase_N
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF13085 Fer2_3, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF46548 SSF46548, 1 hit
SSF54292 SSF54292, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00384 dhsB, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00197 2FE2S_FER_1, 1 hit
PS51085 2FE2S_FER_2, 1 hit
PS00198 4FE4S_FER_1, 1 hit
PS51379 4FE4S_FER_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSDHB_XENLA
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q3B8J8
Secondary accession number(s): Q7ZYB6
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 22, 2008
Last sequence update: November 22, 2005
Last modified: January 16, 2019
This is version 74 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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