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Protein

Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1

Gene

COI

Organism
Artemia franciscana (Brine shrimp) (Artemia sanfranciscana)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Cytochrome c oxidase is the component of the respiratory chain that catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water. Subunits 1-3 form the functional core of the enzyme complex. CO I is the catalytic subunit of the enzyme. Electrons originating in cytochrome c are transferred via the copper A center of subunit 2 and heme A of subunit 1 to the bimetallic center formed by heme A3 and copper B.

Catalytic activityi

4 ferrocytochrome c + O2 + 4 H+ = 4 ferricytochrome c + 2 H2O.

Pathwayi: oxidative phosphorylation

This protein is involved in the pathway oxidative phosphorylation, which is part of Energy metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway oxidative phosphorylation and in Energy metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Metal bindingi59Iron (heme A axial ligand)Curated1
Metal bindingi238Copper BCurated1
Metal bindingi242Copper BCurated1
Metal bindingi288Copper BCurated1
Metal bindingi289Copper BCurated1
Metal bindingi374Iron (heme A3 axial ligand)Curated1
Metal bindingi376Iron (heme A axial ligand)Curated1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processElectron transport, Respiratory chain, Transport
LigandCopper, Heme, Iron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00705

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (EC:1.9.3.1)
Alternative name(s):
Cytochrome c oxidase polypeptide I
Gene namesi
Name:COI
Synonyms:CO-I
Encoded oniMitochondrion
OrganismiArtemia franciscana (Brine shrimp) (Artemia sanfranciscana)
Taxonomic identifieri6661 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaEcdysozoaArthropodaCrustaceaBranchiopodaAnostracaArtemiidaeArtemia

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Transmembranei15 – 35HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei54 – 74HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei100 – 120HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei143 – 163HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei181 – 201HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei232 – 252HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei266 – 286HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei303 – 323HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei336 – 356HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei378 – 398HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei412 – 432HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei450 – 470HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane, Mitochondrion, Mitochondrion inner membrane

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00001832871 – 512Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1Add BLAST512

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Cross-linki238 ↔ 2421'-histidyl-3'-tyrosine (His-Tyr)By similarity

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ37705
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01663 Cyt_c_Oxidase_I, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.20.210.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR023616 Cyt_c_oxase-like_su1_dom
IPR036927 Cyt_c_oxase-like_su1_sf
IPR000883 Cyt_C_Oxase_1
IPR023615 Cyt_c_Oxase_su1_BS
IPR033944 Cyt_c_oxase_su1_dom
PANTHERiPTHR10422 PTHR10422, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00115 COX1, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01165 CYCOXIDASEI
SUPFAMiSSF81442 SSF81442, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50855 COX1, 1 hit
PS00077 COX1_CUB, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q37705-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MQRWFYSTNH KDIGTLYFIF GAWAGMVGTS LSMLIRAELG QPGSLIGDEQ
60 70 80 90 100
VYNVIVTAHA FIMIFFMVMP ILIGGFGNWL VPIMLGAPDM AFPRLNNLSF
110 120 130 140 150
WMLPPSLTLL LASSMVESGA GTGWTVYPPL SSAIAHAGPS VDLAIFSLHL
160 170 180 190 200
AGVSSILGAV NFITTIINMR PQSMSIDRMP LFVWAVGITA VLLLLSLPVL
210 220 230 240 250
AGAITMLLTD RNLNTSFFDP AGGGDPILYQ HLFWFFGHPE VYILILPGFG
260 270 280 290 300
MVSHIISQES GKKEAFGTLG MIYAMLAIGI LGFVVWAHHM FTVGMDVDTR
310 320 330 340 350
AYFTAATMII AIPTGIKIFS WIGTLHGTRL TMTPSMLWAL GFVFLFTVGG
360 370 380 390 400
LTGVVLSNSS IDIVLHDTYY VVAHFHYVLS MGAVFAIMAG FVHWFPLMTG
410 420 430 440 450
LSMNQFLLKV HFFIMFLGVN LTFFPQHFLG LAGMPRRYAD YPDTYASWNV
460 470 480 490 500
ISSLGSVMSM IATLMFIFCI WEAMIAKRIN IFSLNLSSSV EWNHPHPPAD
510
HSYEEITMIS TF
Length:512
Mass (Da):56,492
Last modified:November 1, 1996 - v1
Checksum:i4AA1E1BBE64913E3
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X69067 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA48806.1
PIRiS60622
RefSeqiNP_007109.1, NC_001620.1

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi807790

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiCOX1_ARTSF
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q37705
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 15, 1998
Last sequence update: November 1, 1996
Last modified: May 23, 2018
This is version 97 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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