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Entry version 91 (10 Feb 2021)
Sequence version 1 (06 Dec 2005)
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Protein

Serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A 65 kDa regulatory subunit A alpha isoform

Gene

PPP2R1A

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

The PR65 subunit of protein phosphatase 2A serves as a scaffolding molecule to coordinate the assembly of the catalytic subunit and a variable regulatory B subunit. Upon interaction with GNA12 promotes dephosphorylation of microtubule associated protein TAU/MAPT. Required for proper chromosome segregation and for centromeric localization of SGO1 in mitosis.

By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processChromosome partition

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A 65 kDa regulatory subunit A alpha isoform
Alternative name(s):
Medium tumor antigen-associated 61 kDa protein
PP2A subunit A isoform PR65-alpha
PP2A subunit A isoform R1-alpha
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PPP2R1A
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cell projection, Centromere, Chromosome, Cytoplasm, Membrane, Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004052582 – 589Serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A 65 kDa regulatory subunit A alpha isoformAdd BLAST588

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei2N-acetylalanineBy similarity1
Modified residuei280N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q32PI5

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q32PI5

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q32PI5

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

PP2A consists of a common heterodimeric core enzyme, composed of PPP2CA a 36 kDa catalytic subunit (subunit C) and PPP2R1A a 65 kDa constant regulatory subunit (PR65 or subunit A), that associates with a variety of regulatory subunits. Proteins that associate with the core dimer include three families of regulatory subunits B (the R2/B/PR55/B55, R3/B''/PR72/PR130/PR59 and R5/B'/B56 families), the 48 kDa variable regulatory subunit, viral proteins, and cell signaling molecules.

Found in a complex with at least ARL2, PPP2CB, PPP2R1A, PPP2R2A, PPP2R5E and TBCD (PubMed:12912990).

Interacts with FOXO1; the interaction dephosphorylates FOXO1 on AKT-mediated phosphorylation sites (By similarity).

Interacts with IPO9 (By similarity).

Interacts with TP53 and SGO1 (By similarity).

Interacts with PLA2G16; this interaction might decrease PP2A activity (By similarity).

Interacts with CTTNBP2NL (By similarity).

Interacts with GNA12; the interaction promotes protein phosphatase 2A activation causing dephosphorylation of MAPT (By similarity).

Interacts with CIP2A; this interaction stabilizes CIP2A (By similarity).

Interacts with PABIR1/FAM122A (By similarity).

Interacts with ADCY8; antagonizes interaction between ADCY8 and calmodulin (By similarity).

Interacts with CRTC3 (when phosphorylated at 'Ser-391') (By similarity).

Interacts with SPRY2 (By similarity).

By similarity1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000026449

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q32PI5

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section indicates the positions and types of repeated sequence motifs or repeated domains within the protein.<p><a href='/help/repeat' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Repeati12 – 50HEAT 1Add BLAST39
Repeati51 – 88HEAT 2Add BLAST38
Repeati89 – 127HEAT 3Add BLAST39
Repeati166 – 204HEAT 4Add BLAST39
Repeati205 – 243HEAT 5Add BLAST39
Repeati244 – 282HEAT 6Add BLAST39
Repeati283 – 321HEAT 7Add BLAST39
Repeati326 – 364HEAT 8Add BLAST39
Repeati365 – 403HEAT 9Add BLAST39
Repeati404 – 442HEAT 10Add BLAST39
Repeati482 – 520HEAT 11Add BLAST39
Repeati521 – 559HEAT 12Add BLAST39
Repeati560 – 589HEAT 13Add BLAST30

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni8 – 399PP2A subunit B bindingBy similarityAdd BLAST392
Regioni47 – 321Polyoma small and medium T antigens BindingBy similarityAdd BLAST275
Regioni85 – 239SV40 small T antigen bindingBy similarityAdd BLAST155
Regioni400 – 589PP2A subunit C bindingBy similarityAdd BLAST190

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

Each HEAT repeat appears to consist of two alpha helices joined by a hydrophilic region, the intrarepeat loop. The repeat units may be arranged laterally to form a rod-like structure (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0211, Eukaryota

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q32PI5

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
447572at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.25.10.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011989, ARM-like
IPR016024, ARM-type_fold
IPR000357, HEAT
IPR021133, HEAT_type_2
IPR031090, PP2A_A_meta

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10648:SF2, PTHR10648:SF2, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02985, HEAT, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48371, SSF48371, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50077, HEAT_REPEAT, 11 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q32PI5-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAAADGDDSL YPIAVLIDEL RNEDVQLRLN SIKKLSTIAL ALGVERTRSE
60 70 80 90 100
LLPFLTDTIY DEDEVLLALA EQLGTFTTLV GGPEYVHCLL PPLESLATVE
110 120 130 140 150
ETVVRDKAVE SLRAISHEHS PSDLEAHFVP LVKRLAGGDW FTSRTSACGL
160 170 180 190 200
FSVCYPRVSS AVKAELRQYF RNLCSDDTPM VRRAAASKLG EFAKVLELDN
210 220 230 240 250
VKSEIIPMFS NLASDEQDSV RLLAVEACVN IAQLLPQEDL EALVMPTLRQ
260 270 280 290 300
AAEDKSWRVR YMVADKFTEL HKAVGPEITK TDLVPAFQNL MKDCEAEVRA
310 320 330 340 350
AASHKVKEFC ENLSADCREN VIMTQILPCI KELVSDANQH VKSALASVIM
360 370 380 390 400
GLSPILGKDS TIEHLLPLFL AQLKDECPEV RLNIISNLDC VNEVIGIRQL
410 420 430 440 450
SQSLLPAIVE LAEDAKWRVR LAIIEYMPLL AGQLGVEFFD EKLNSLCMAW
460 470 480 490 500
LVDHVYAIRE AATSNLKKLV EKFGKEWAHA TIIPKVLAMS GDPNYLHRMT
510 520 530 540 550
TLFCINVLSE VCGQDITTKH MLPTVLRMAG DPVANVRFNV AKSLQKIGPI
560 570 580
LDNSTLQSEV KPVLEKLTQD QDVDVKYFAQ EALTVLSLA
Length:589
Mass (Da):65,291
Last modified:December 6, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i5673D82D9C50FC2A
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC108103 mRNA Translation: AAI08104.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001032554.1, NM_001037477.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
535321

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:535321

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC108103 mRNA Translation: AAI08104.1
RefSeqiNP_001032554.1, NM_001037477.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ32PI5
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000026449

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ32PI5
PeptideAtlasiQ32PI5
PRIDEiQ32PI5

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi535321
KEGGibta:535321

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
5518

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0211, Eukaryota
InParanoidiQ32PI5
OrthoDBi447572at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.25.10.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011989, ARM-like
IPR016024, ARM-type_fold
IPR000357, HEAT
IPR021133, HEAT_type_2
IPR031090, PP2A_A_meta
PANTHERiPTHR10648:SF2, PTHR10648:SF2, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02985, HEAT, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48371, SSF48371, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50077, HEAT_REPEAT, 11 hits

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry namei2AAA_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q32PI5
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 8, 2011
Last sequence update: December 6, 2005
Last modified: February 10, 2021
This is version 91 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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