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Entry version 94 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 2 (10 Feb 2009)
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Protein

Protein spinster homolog 1

Gene

Spns1

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Sphingolipid transporter. May be involved in necrotic or autophagic cell death (By similarity).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processLipid transport, Transport

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Protein spinster homolog 1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Spns1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
1305613 Spns1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei60 – 80HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei98 – 118HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei126 – 146HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei160 – 180HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei187 – 207HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei218 – 238HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei278 – 298HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei323 – 343HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei357 – 377HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei381 – 401HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei421 – 441HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei465 – 485HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane, Mitochondrion, Mitochondrion inner membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003639522 – 528Protein spinster homolog 1Add BLAST527

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei2N-acetylalanineBy similarity1
Modified residuei518PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
Q2YDU8

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q2YDU8

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q2YDU8

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000017621 Expressed in 10 organ(s), highest expression level in brain

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q2YDU8 RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with BCL2 and BCL2L1.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000024185

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1330 Eukaryota
COG0477 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000005976

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000276167

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q2YDU8

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
FLSMNWA

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
891881at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q2YDU8

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF314395

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011701 MFS
IPR020846 MFS_dom
IPR036259 MFS_trans_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF07690 MFS_1, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF103473 SSF103473, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50850 MFS, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket
Isoform 1 (identifier: Q2YDU8-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAGSDTAPFL SQADDPDDGP APGHPGLPGP MGNPKSGELE VPDCEGLQRI
60 70 80 90 100
TGLSRGHSTL IVVVLCYINL LNYMDRFTVA GVLTDIEQFF NIGDGSTGLI
110 120 130 140 150
QTVFISSYMV LAPVFGYLGD RYNRKYLMCG GIAFWSLVTL GSSFIPREHF
160 170 180 190 200
WLLLLTRGLV GVGEASYSTI APTLIADLFV ADQRSRMLSI FYFAIPVGSG
210 220 230 240 250
LGYIAGSKVK DLAGDWHWAL RVTPGLGVLA VLLLFLVVQE PPRGAVERHS
260 270 280 290 300
GSPPLSPTSW WADLKALARN PSFVLSSLGF TAVAFVTGSL ALWAPAFLLR
310 320 330 340 350
SRVVLGETPP CLPGDSCSSS DSLIFGLITC LTGVLGVGLG VEISRRLRRF
360 370 380 390 400
NPRADPLVCA AGLLGSSPFL FLSLACARGS IVATYIFIFI GETLLSMNWA
410 420 430 440 450
IVADILLYVV IPTRRSTAEA FQIVLSHLLG DAGSPYLIGL ISDRLRRSWP
460 470 480 490 500
PSFLSEFRAL QFSLMLCAFV GALGGAAFLG TAMFIENDRR RAQLHVQGLL
510 520
HETEPSDDQI VVPQRGRSTR VPVSSVLI
Length:528
Mass (Da):56,796
Last modified:February 10, 2009 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i5F098AFBD47C4AA5
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: Q2YDU8-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     322-528: SLIFGLITCL...TRVPVSSVLI → RYL

Note: No experimental confirmation available.
Show »
Length:324
Mass (Da):34,744
Checksum:i2E544DCD45263A40
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence BC087072 differs from that shown. Reason: Frameshift at position 268.Curated

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_036364322 – 528SLIFG…SSVLI → RYL in isoform 2. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST207

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC087072 mRNA No translation available.
BC110048 mRNA Translation: AAI10049.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001034297.2, NM_001039208.2 [Q2YDU8-1]
XP_017444888.1, XM_017589399.1 [Q2YDU8-1]

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000024185; ENSRNOP00000024185; ENSRNOG00000017621 [Q2YDU8-1]

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
361648

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:361648

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:1305613 rat [Q2YDU8-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC087072 mRNA No translation available.
BC110048 mRNA Translation: AAI10049.1
RefSeqiNP_001034297.2, NM_001039208.2 [Q2YDU8-1]
XP_017444888.1, XM_017589399.1 [Q2YDU8-1]

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000024185

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiQ2YDU8
PaxDbiQ2YDU8
PRIDEiQ2YDU8

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000024185; ENSRNOP00000024185; ENSRNOG00000017621 [Q2YDU8-1]
GeneIDi361648
KEGGirno:361648
UCSCiRGD:1305613 rat [Q2YDU8-1]

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
83985
RGDi1305613 Spns1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1330 Eukaryota
COG0477 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000005976
HOGENOMiHOG000276167
InParanoidiQ2YDU8
OMAiFLSMNWA
OrthoDBi891881at2759
PhylomeDBiQ2YDU8
TreeFamiTF314395

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q2YDU8

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000017621 Expressed in 10 organ(s), highest expression level in brain
GenevisibleiQ2YDU8 RN

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011701 MFS
IPR020846 MFS_dom
IPR036259 MFS_trans_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF07690 MFS_1, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF103473 SSF103473, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50850 MFS, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSPNS1_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q2YDU8
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 10, 2009
Last sequence update: February 10, 2009
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 94 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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