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Entry version 78 (16 Jan 2019)
Sequence version 1 (20 Dec 2005)
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Protein

Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 2

Gene

MT-CO2

Organism
Ailuropoda melanoleuca (Giant panda)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Cytochrome c oxidase is the component of the respiratory chain that catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water. Subunits 1-3 form the functional core of the enzyme complex. Subunit 2 transfers the electrons from cytochrome c via its binuclear copper A center to the bimetallic center of the catalytic subunit 1.

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Cu cationNote: Binds a copper A center.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi161Copper ABy similarity1
Metal bindingi196Copper ABy similarity1
Metal bindingi200Copper ABy similarity1
Metal bindingi204Copper ABy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processElectron transport, Respiratory chain, Transport
LigandCopper, Metal-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 2
Alternative name(s):
Cytochrome c oxidase polypeptide II
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:MT-CO2
Synonyms:COII, COXII, MTCO2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates if the gene coding for the protein originates from the hydrogenosome, the mitochondrion, the nucleomorph, different plastids or a plasmid. The absence of this section means that the gene is located in one of the main chromosomal element(s).<p><a href='/help/encoded_on' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Encoded oniMitochondrion
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiAiluropoda melanoleuca (Giant panda)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9646 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCarnivoraCaniformiaUrsidaeAiluropoda
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000008912 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componentsi: Mitochondrion, Unassembled WGS sequence

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 26Mitochondrial intermembraneSequence analysisAdd BLAST26
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei27 – 48HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST22
Topological domaini49 – 62Mitochondrial matrixSequence analysisAdd BLAST14
Transmembranei63 – 82HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST20
Topological domaini83 – 227Mitochondrial intermembraneSequence analysisAdd BLAST145

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane, Mitochondrion, Mitochondrion inner membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002539881 – 227Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 2Add BLAST227

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei218PhosphotyrosineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9646.ENSAMEP00000021356

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q2Y0B9

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q2Y0B9

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG4767 Eukaryota
COG1622 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000017410

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG012727

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q2Y0B9

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K02261

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
WSYEYTD

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1432833at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF344269

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd13912 CcO_II_C, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.287.90, 1 hit
2.60.40.420, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002429 CcO_II-like_C
IPR034210 CcO_II_C
IPR001505 Copper_CuA
IPR008972 Cupredoxin
IPR014222 Cyt_c_oxidase_su2
IPR011759 Cyt_c_oxidase_su2_TM_dom
IPR036257 Cyt_c_oxidase_su2_TM_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00116 COX2, 1 hit
PF02790 COX2_TM, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF49503 SSF49503, 1 hit
SSF81464 SSF81464, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR02866 CoxB, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00078 COX2, 1 hit
PS50857 COX2_CUA, 1 hit
PS50999 COX2_TM, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q2Y0B9-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAHPFQTGLQ DATSPIMEEL LHFHDHTLMI VFLISSLVLY IISIMLTTKL
60 70 80 90 100
THTNTMDAQE VETVWTILPA IILIMIALPS LRILYMMDEI NNPSLTVKTM
110 120 130 140 150
GHQWYWSYEY TDYEDLSFDS YMTPTQELKP GELRLLEVDN RVVLPMEMTI
160 170 180 190 200
RMLISSEDVL HSWAVPSLGL KTDAIPGRLN QTTLMAMRPG LYYGQCSEIC
210 220
GSNHSFMPIV LEMVPLSYFE KWSASML
Length:227
Mass (Da):26,044
Last modified:December 20, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA3BCBCE8079F790D
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ093077 Genomic DNA Translation: AAZ83623.1
EF196663 Genomic DNA Translation: ABM63255.1
EF212882 Genomic DNA Translation: ABP38213.1
FM177761 Genomic DNA Translation: CAQ68433.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
YP_001249287.1, NC_009492.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSAMET00000025262; ENSAMEP00000021356; ENSAMEG00000023439

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
5179728

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
aml:5179728

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ093077 Genomic DNA Translation: AAZ83623.1
EF196663 Genomic DNA Translation: ABM63255.1
EF212882 Genomic DNA Translation: ABP38213.1
FM177761 Genomic DNA Translation: CAQ68433.1
RefSeqiYP_001249287.1, NC_009492.1

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ2Y0B9
SMRiQ2Y0B9
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9646.ENSAMEP00000021356

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSAMET00000025262; ENSAMEP00000021356; ENSAMEG00000023439
GeneIDi5179728
KEGGiaml:5179728

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
4513

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG4767 Eukaryota
COG1622 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000017410
HOVERGENiHBG012727
InParanoidiQ2Y0B9
KOiK02261
OMAiWSYEYTD
OrthoDBi1432833at2759
TreeFamiTF344269

Family and domain databases

CDDicd13912 CcO_II_C, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.287.90, 1 hit
2.60.40.420, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002429 CcO_II-like_C
IPR034210 CcO_II_C
IPR001505 Copper_CuA
IPR008972 Cupredoxin
IPR014222 Cyt_c_oxidase_su2
IPR011759 Cyt_c_oxidase_su2_TM_dom
IPR036257 Cyt_c_oxidase_su2_TM_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00116 COX2, 1 hit
PF02790 COX2_TM, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF49503 SSF49503, 1 hit
SSF81464 SSF81464, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR02866 CoxB, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00078 COX2, 1 hit
PS50857 COX2_CUA, 1 hit
PS50999 COX2_TM, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCOX2_AILME
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q2Y0B9
Secondary accession number(s): A5JFJ9
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 17, 2006
Last sequence update: December 20, 2005
Last modified: January 16, 2019
This is version 78 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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