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Entry version 80 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (24 Jan 2006)
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Protein

Triosephosphate isomerase

Gene

TPI1

Organism
Gorilla gorilla gorilla (Western lowland gorilla)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Triosephosphate isomerase is an extremely efficient metabolic enzyme that catalyzes the interconversion between dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (G3P) in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis.By similarity
It is also responsible for the non-negligible production of methylglyoxal a reactive cytotoxic side-product that modifies and can alter proteins, DNA and lipids.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: glycolysis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate from glycerone phosphate.PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Triosephosphate isomerase, Triosephosphate isomerase (TPI1), Triosephosphate isomerase, Triosephosphate isomerase, Triosephosphate isomerase
This subpathway is part of the pathway glycolysis, which is itself part of Carbohydrate degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate from glycerone phosphate, the pathway glycolysis and in Carbohydrate degradation.

Pathwayi: gluconeogenesis

This protein is involved in the pathway gluconeogenesis, which is part of Carbohydrate biosynthesis.PROSITE-ProRule annotation
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway gluconeogenesis and in Carbohydrate biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei12SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei14SubstrateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei96ElectrophileBy similarity1
Active sitei166Proton acceptorBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionIsomerase, Lyase
Biological processGluconeogenesis, Glycolysis

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00109;UER00189
UPA00138

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Triosephosphate isomerase (EC:5.3.1.1PROSITE-ProRule annotation)
Short name:
TIM
Alternative name(s):
Methylglyoxal synthaseBy similarity (EC:4.2.3.3By similarity)
Triose-phosphate isomerase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:TPI1
Synonyms:TPI
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiGorilla gorilla gorilla (Western lowland gorilla)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9595 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeGorilla
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001519 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003451381 – 249Triosephosphate isomeraseAdd BLAST249

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei14N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei68Nitrated tyrosineBy similarity1
Modified residuei80PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei106PhosphoserineBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes <strong>covalent linkages</strong> of various types formed <strong>between two proteins (interchain cross-links)</strong> or <strong>between two parts of the same protein (intrachain cross-links)</strong>, except the disulfide bonds that are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/disulfid">'Disulfide bond'</a> subsection.<p><a href='/help/crosslnk' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-linki142Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in SUMO1)By similarity
Modified residuei149N6-succinyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei156N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei156N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei159PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei173PhosphothreonineBy similarity1
Modified residuei194N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei194N6-methyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei194N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei198PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei209Nitrated tyrosineBy similarity1
Modified residuei212PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei214PhosphothreonineBy similarity1
Modified residuei223PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei238N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Isopeptide bond, Methylation, Nitration, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q2QD07

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

PROSITE-ProRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9593.ENSGGOP00000017503

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q2QD07

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the triosephosphate isomerase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000013354

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q2QD07

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01803

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1272577at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00311 TIM, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.20.20.70, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00147_B TIM_B, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013785 Aldolase_TIM
IPR035990 TIM_sf
IPR022896 TrioseP_Isoase_bac/euk
IPR000652 Triosephosphate_isomerase
IPR020861 Triosephosphate_isomerase_AS

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR21139 PTHR21139, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00121 TIM, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51351 SSF51351, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00419 tim, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00171 TIM_1, 1 hit
PS51440 TIM_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q2QD07-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAPSRKFFVG GNWKMNGRKQ SLGELIGTLN AAKVPADTKV VCAPPTAYID
60 70 80 90 100
FARQKLDPKI AVAAQNCYKV TNGAFTGEIS PGMIKDCGAT WVVLGHSERR
110 120 130 140 150
HVFGESDELI GQKVAHALAE GLGVIACIGE KLDEREAGIT EKVVFEQTKV
160 170 180 190 200
ITDNVKDWSK VVLAYEPVWA IGTGKTATPQ QAQEVHEKLR GWLKSNVSDA
210 220 230 240
VAQSTRIIYG GSVTGATCKE LASQPDVDGF LVGGASLKPE FVDIINAKQ
Length:249
Mass (Da):26,699
Last modified:January 24, 2006 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i56590E1C9FCA4221
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ120713 Genomic DNA Translation: ABC40672.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
XP_018875526.1, XM_019019981.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSGGOT00000033371; ENSGGOP00000017503; ENSGGOG00000023036

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
101144146

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ggo:101144146

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ120713 Genomic DNA Translation: ABC40672.1
RefSeqiXP_018875526.1, XM_019019981.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ2QD07
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9593.ENSGGOP00000017503

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ2QD07

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSGGOT00000033371; ENSGGOP00000017503; ENSGGOG00000023036
GeneIDi101144146
KEGGiggo:101144146

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00390000013354
InParanoidiQ2QD07
KOiK01803
OrthoDBi1272577at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00109;UER00189
UPA00138

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00311 TIM, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.20.20.70, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00147_B TIM_B, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013785 Aldolase_TIM
IPR035990 TIM_sf
IPR022896 TrioseP_Isoase_bac/euk
IPR000652 Triosephosphate_isomerase
IPR020861 Triosephosphate_isomerase_AS
PANTHERiPTHR21139 PTHR21139, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00121 TIM, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51351 SSF51351, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00419 tim, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00171 TIM_1, 1 hit
PS51440 TIM_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTPIS_GORGO
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q2QD07
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 22, 2008
Last sequence update: January 24, 2006
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 80 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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