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Entry version 79 (26 Feb 2020)
Sequence version 1 (07 Feb 2006)
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Protein

(E)-beta-farnesene synthase

Gene

TPS10

Organism
Zea mays (Maize)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Sesquiterpene cyclase catalyzing mainly the production of beta-farnesene and alpha-bergamotene in equal amounts from farnesyl diphosphate (PubMed:19646721, PubMed:16418295, PubMed:21607717). Mediates also the biosynthesis of minor sesquiterpene hydrocarbons including alpha-muurolene, beta-bisabolene, zingiberene, sesquiphellandrene, sesquisabinene A, germacrene D, delta-cadinene, alpha-copaene and (E)-beta-caryophyllene (PubMed:16418295, PubMed:19646721). Involved in indirect defense by producing volatile signals attracting natural enemies of herbivores (PubMed:19646721, PubMed:16418295, PubMed:21607717).3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+By similarity, Mn2+By similarityNote: Binds 3 Mg2+ or Mn2+ ions per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: terpenoid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway terpenoid biosynthesis, which is part of Secondary metabolite biosynthesis.1 Publication3 Publications
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway terpenoid biosynthesis and in Secondary metabolite biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi286Magnesium or manganese 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi286Magnesium or manganese 2By similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei286SubstrateBy similarity1
Metal bindingi290Magnesium or manganese 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi290Magnesium or manganese 2By similarity1
Binding sitei290SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei427SubstrateBy similarity1
Metal bindingi430Magnesium or manganese 3By similarity1
Binding sitei430SubstrateBy similarity1
Metal bindingi438Magnesium or manganese 3By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase
Biological processPlant defense
LigandMagnesium, Manganese, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
MetaCyc:MONOMER-12833

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
4.2.3.47 6752
4.2.3.81 6752

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00213

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
(E)-beta-farnesene synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.473 Publications)
Alternative name(s):
(+)-germacrene D synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.771 Publication)
(E)-alpha-bergamotene synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.813 Publications)
Alpha-copaene synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.1331 Publication)
Alpha-muurolene synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.1251 Publication)
Beta-bisabolene synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.552 Publications)
Beta-caryophyllene synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.571 Publication)
Delta-cadinene synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.-1 Publication)
Sesquiphellandrene synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.1232 Publications)
Sesquisabinene A synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.-2 Publications)
Terpene synthase 101 Publication
Zingiberene synthase1 Publication (EC:4.2.3.652 Publications)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:TPS101 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiZea mays (Maize)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri4577 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaLiliopsidaPoalesPoaceaePACMAD cladePanicoideaeAndropogonodaeAndropogoneaeTripsacinaeZea
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000007305 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Maize Genetics and Genomics Database

More...
MaizeGDBi
1219901

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi356L → F: Decreased production of alpha-bergamotene. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004021341 – 533(E)-beta-farnesene synthaseAdd BLAST533

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q2NM15

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q2NM15

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Induced in leaves by herbivory (e.g. S.littoralis).2 Publications

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q2NM15 baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
4577.GRMZM2G179092_P01

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q2NM15

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi286 – 290DDXXD motifBy similarity5

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The Asp-Asp-Xaa-Xaa-Asp/Glu (DDXXD/E) motif is important for the catalytic activity, presumably through binding to Mg2+.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the terpene synthase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IVC5 Eukaryota
ENOG410YBXH LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_003125_7_2_1

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K14174

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
360509at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.600.10, 1 hit
1.50.10.130, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR008949 Isoprenoid_synthase_dom_sf
IPR034741 Terpene_cyclase-like_1_C
IPR001906 Terpene_synth_N
IPR036965 Terpene_synth_N_sf
IPR005630 Terpene_synthase_metal-bd
IPR008930 Terpenoid_cyclase/PrenylTrfase

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01397 Terpene_synth, 1 hit
PF03936 Terpene_synth_C, 1 hit

Structure-Function Linkage Database

More...
SFLDi
SFLDG01019 Terpene_Cyclase_Like_1_C_Termi, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48239 SSF48239, 1 hit
SSF48576 SSF48576, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q2NM15-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MDATAFHPSL WGDFFVKYKP PTAPKRGHMT ERAELLKEEV RKTLKAAANQ
60 70 80 90 100
ITNALDLIIT LQRLGLDHHY ENEISELLRF VYSSSDYDDK DLYVVSLRFY
110 120 130 140 150
LLRKHGHCVS SDVFTSFKDE EGNFVVDDTK CLLSLYNAAY VRTHGEKVLD
160 170 180 190 200
EAITFTRRQL EASLLDPLEP ALADEVHLTL QTPLFRRLRI LEAINYIPIY
210 220 230 240 250
GKEAGRNEAI LELAKLNFNL AQLIYCEELK EVTLWWKQLN VETNLSFIRD
260 270 280 290 300
RIVECHFWMT GACCEPQYSL SRVIATKMTA LITVLDDMMD TYSTTEEAML
310 320 330 340 350
LAEAIYRWEE NAAELLPRYM KDFYLYLLKT IDSCGDELGP NRSFRTFYLK
360 370 380 390 400
EMLKVLVRGS SQEIKWRNEN YVPKTISEHL EHSGPTVGAF QVACSSFVGM
410 420 430 440 450
GDSITKESFE WLLTYPELAK SLMNISRLLN DTASTKREQN AGQHVSTVQC
460 470 480 490 500
YMLKHGTTMD EACEKIKELT EDSWKDMMEL YLTPTEHPKL IAQTIVDFAR
510 520 530
TADYMYKETD GFTFSHTIKD MIAKLFVDPI SLF
Length:533
Mass (Da):61,534
Last modified:February 7, 2006 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iAB695CFF3A2AA979
GO

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural varianti52T → K in strain: cv. Delprim. 1
Natural varianti134S → T in strain: cv. Delprim. 1
Natural varianti141 – 144VRTH → LRTQ in strain: cv. Delprim. 4
Natural varianti171A → AL in strain: cv. Delprim. 1
Natural varianti177H → S in strain: cv. Delprim. 1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY928078 mRNA Translation: AAX99146.1
AY928079 mRNA Translation: AAX99147.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001105850.2, NM_001112380.2

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
732751

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
zma:732751

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AY928078 mRNA Translation: AAX99146.1
AY928079 mRNA Translation: AAX99147.1
RefSeqiNP_001105850.2, NM_001112380.2

3D structure databases

SMRiQ2NM15
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi4577.GRMZM2G179092_P01

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ2NM15
PRIDEiQ2NM15

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi732751
KEGGizma:732751

Organism-specific databases

MaizeGDBi1219901

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IVC5 Eukaryota
ENOG410YBXH LUCA
HOGENOMiCLU_003125_7_2_1
KOiK14174
OrthoDBi360509at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00213
BioCyciMetaCyc:MONOMER-12833
BRENDAi4.2.3.47 6752
4.2.3.81 6752

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ2NM15 baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.600.10, 1 hit
1.50.10.130, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR008949 Isoprenoid_synthase_dom_sf
IPR034741 Terpene_cyclase-like_1_C
IPR001906 Terpene_synth_N
IPR036965 Terpene_synth_N_sf
IPR005630 Terpene_synthase_metal-bd
IPR008930 Terpenoid_cyclase/PrenylTrfase
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01397 Terpene_synth, 1 hit
PF03936 Terpene_synth_C, 1 hit
SFLDiSFLDG01019 Terpene_Cyclase_Like_1_C_Termi, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48239 SSF48239, 1 hit
SSF48576 SSF48576, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiFARS_MAIZE
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q2NM15
Secondary accession number(s): Q2NM14
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 30, 2010
Last sequence update: February 7, 2006
Last modified: February 26, 2020
This is version 79 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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