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Entry version 81 (07 Apr 2021)
Sequence version 1 (21 Mar 2006)
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Protein

Viral IRF2-like protein

Gene

vIRF-2

Organism
Human herpesvirus 8 type P (isolate GK18) (HHV-8) (Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

DNA-binding transcription factor that plays a role in the modulation of host immune response (PubMed:26537687, PubMed:31059555). Acts by interacting with host EIF2AK2/PKR and inhibiting its activation. In turn, EIF2AK2/PKR substrates including EIF2S1 or histone H2A are not phosphorylated (PubMed:11160738). Inhibits type I interferon signaling by targeting host IRF3 during viral reactivation from latency (PubMed:11160738, PubMed:21697347). Attenuates the transcriptional activity of host FOXO3 via activation of the AKT1 signaling pathway, inhibiting FOXO3-mediated apoptosis (PubMed:26797279). Suppresses also the expression of viral early lytic genes in both newly infected and reactivated infected host cells allowing regulation of viral life cycle by harnessing the interferon pathway. Mechanistically, promotes host PML bodies formation as well as host antiviral restriction factors IFIT1-3 expression leading to inhibition of viral early lytic proteins (PubMed:31059555).5 Publications

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section specifies the position and type of each DNA-binding domain present within the protein.<p><a href='/help/dna_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>DNA bindingi7 – 103IRF tryptophan pentad repeatPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST97

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding
Biological processHost-virus interaction, Inhibition of host innate immune response by virus, Inhibition of host interferon signaling pathway by virus, Inhibition of host IRF3 by virus, Inhibition of host PKR by virus, Inhibition of host RLR pathway by virus, Modulation of host cell apoptosis by virus, Transcription, Transcription regulation, Viral immunoevasion

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Viral IRF2-like protein
Short name:
vIRF-2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:vIRF-2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHuman herpesvirus 8 type P (isolate GK18) (HHV-8) (Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri868565 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiVirusesDuplodnaviriaHeunggongviraePeploviricotaHerviviricetesHerpesviralesHerpesviridaeGammaherpesvirinaeRhadinovirus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section only exists in viral entries and indicates the host(s) either as a specific organism or taxonomic group of organisms that are susceptible to be infected by a virus.<p><a href='/help/virus_host' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Virus hostiHomo sapiens (Human) [TaxID: 9606]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000942 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Genome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Host cytoplasm, Host nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi82R → A: About 50% loss of transcriptional regulation and DNA-binding. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi85R → A: About 50% loss of transcriptional regulation and DNA-binding. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004237741 – 680Viral IRF2-like proteinAdd BLAST680

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with host EIF2AK2/PKR.

1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">Interaction</a>' section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="https://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated at every <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/synchronization">UniProt release</a>.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
1776994, 2 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q2HR71, 1 interactor

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1680
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q2HR71

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the IRF family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00103, IRF, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.10.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001346, Interferon_reg_fact_DNA-bd_dom
IPR036388, WH-like_DNA-bd_sf
IPR036390, WH_DNA-bd_sf

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF46785, SSF46785, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51507, IRF_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q2HR71-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MPRYTESEWL TDFIIDALDS GRFWGVGWLD EQKRIFTVPG RNRRERMPEG
60 70 80 90 100
FDDFYEAFLE ERRRHGLPEI PETETGLGCF GRLLRTANRA RQERPFTIYK
110 120 130 140 150
GKMKLNRWIM TPRPYKGCEG CLVYLTQEPA MKNMLKALFG IYPHDDKHRE
160 170 180 190 200
KALRRSLRKK AQREAARKQA AAVATPTTSS AAEVSSRSQS EDTESSDSEN
210 220 230 240 250
ELWVGAQGFV GRDMHSLFFE EPEPSGFGSS GQSSSLLAPD SPRPSTSQVQ
260 270 280 290 300
GPLHVHTPTD LCLPTGGLPS PVIFPHETQG LLAPPAGQSQ TPFSPEGPVP
310 320 330 340 350
SHVSGLDDCL PMVDHIEGCL LDLLSDVGQE LPDLGDLGEL LCETASPQGP
360 370 380 390 400
MQSEGGEEGS TESVSVLPAT HPLESSAPGA SVMGSGQELP DLGDLSELLC
410 420 430 440 450
ETASPQGPMQ SEGGEEGSTE SVSVLPATHP LESSAPGASV MGSSFQASDN
460 470 480 490 500
VDDFIDCIPP LCRDDRDVED QEKADQTFYW YGSDMRPKVL TATQSVAAYL
510 520 530 540 550
SKKQAIYKVG DKLVPLVVEV YYFGEKVKTH FDLTGGIVIC SQVPEASPEH
560 570 580 590 600
ICQTVPPYKC LLPRTAHCSV DANRTLEQTL DRFSMGVVAI GTNMGIFLKG
610 620 630 640 650
LLEYPAYFVG NASRRRIGKC RPLSHRHEIQ QAFDVERHNR EPEGSRYASL
660 670 680
FLGRRPSPEY DWDHYPVILH IYLAPFYHRD
Length:680
Mass (Da):75,090
Last modified:March 21, 2006 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i0FBC22C8F51F3084
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF148805 Genomic DNA Translation: ABD28912.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
YP_001129414.1, NC_009333.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
4961491

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
vg:4961491

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF148805 Genomic DNA Translation: ABD28912.1
RefSeqiYP_001129414.1, NC_009333.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
4P55X-ray2.50A/B7-114[»]
SMRiQ2HR71
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi1776994, 2 interactors
IntActiQ2HR71, 1 interactor

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi4961491
KEGGivg:4961491

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00103, IRF, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.10.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001346, Interferon_reg_fact_DNA-bd_dom
IPR036388, WH-like_DNA-bd_sf
IPR036390, WH_DNA-bd_sf
SUPFAMiSSF46785, SSF46785, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51507, IRF_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiVIRF2_HHV8P
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q2HR71
Secondary accession number(s): D0UZS4
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 16, 2013
Last sequence update: March 21, 2006
Last modified: April 7, 2021
This is version 81 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programViral Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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