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Entry version 90 (26 Feb 2020)
Sequence version 1 (21 Mar 2006)
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Protein

Interferon-inducible double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase activator A

Gene

PRKRA

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Activates EIF2AK2/PKR in the absence of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), leading to phosphorylation of EIF2S1/EFI2-alpha and inhibition of translation and induction of apoptosis. Required for siRNA production by DICER1 and for subsequent siRNA-mediated post-transcriptional gene silencing. Does not seem to be required for processing of pre-miRNA to miRNA by DICER1. Promotes UBC9-p53/TP53 association and sumoylation and phosphorylation of p53/TP53 at 'Lys-386' at 'Ser-392' respectively and enhances its activity in a EIF2AK2/PKR-dependent manner (By similarity).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionRNA-binding
Biological processRNA-mediated gene silencing

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Interferon-inducible double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase activator A
Alternative name(s):
Protein activator of the interferon-induced protein kinase
Protein kinase, interferon-inducible double-stranded RNA-dependent activator
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PRKRA
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:33343 PRKRA

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003794551 – 313Interferon-inducible double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase activator AAdd BLAST313

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei18PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei167PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei246PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei287PhosphoserineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated at Ser-246 in unstressed cells and at Ser-287 in stressed cells. Phosphorylation at Ser-246 appears to be a prerequisite for subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-287. Phosphorylation at Ser-246 and Ser-287 are necessary for activation of EIF2AK2/PKR under conditions of stress (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q2HJ92

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q2HJ92

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000001096 Expressed in brain and 9 other tissues

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q2HJ92 baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

Interacts with EIF2AK2/PKR through its DRBM domains.

Interacts with DICER1, AGO2 and TARBP2. Also able to interact with dsRNA (By similarity).

Interacts with UBC9 (By similarity).

Forms a complex with UBC9 and p53/TP53 (By similarity).

Interacts with DUS2L (via DRBM domain) (By similarity).

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000001451

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q2HJ92

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini34 – 101DRBM 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST68
Domaini126 – 194DRBM 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST69
Domaini240 – 308DRBM 3PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST69

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 103Sufficient for self-association and interaction with TARBP2By similarityAdd BLAST103
Regioni102 – 195Sufficient for self-association and interaction with TARBP2By similarityAdd BLAST94
Regioni195 – 313Sufficient for self-association and interaction with TARBP2By similarityAdd BLAST119

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

Self-association may occur via interactions between DRBM domains as follows: DRBM 1/DRBM 1, DRBM 1/DRBM 2, DRBM 2/DRBM 2 or DRBM 3/DRBM3.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the PRKRA family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3732 Eukaryota
ENOG410XSCK LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000157618

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_048292_0_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q2HJ92

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
VTVCHGT

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1093169at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF315953

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00048 DSRM, 3 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR014720 dsRBD_dom
IPR033363 PRKRA
IPR032478 Staufen_C

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR46205:SF2 PTHR46205:SF2, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00035 dsrm, 2 hits
PF16482 Staufen_C, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00358 DSRM, 3 hits

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50137 DS_RBD, 3 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q2HJ92-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSQSRHRAAA PPMEREDSGT FSLGKMITAK PGKTPIQVLH EYGMKTKNIP
60 70 80 90 100
VYECERSDVQ IHVPTFTFRV TVGDITCTGE GTSKKLAKHR AAEAAINILK
110 120 130 140 150
ANASICFAVP DPLMPDPSKQ PKNQLNPIGS LQELAIHHGW RLPEYTLSQE
160 170 180 190 200
GGPAHKREYT TICRLESFME TGKGASKKQA KRNAAEKFLA KFSNISPENH
210 220 230 240 250
ISLTNMVGHS LGCTWHSLRN SPGEKINLLK RSLLSIPNTD YIQLLSEIAK
260 270 280 290 300
EQGFNITYLD IEELSANGQY QCLAELSTSP ITVCHGSGIS CSSAQSDAAH
310
NALQYLKIIA ERK
Length:313
Mass (Da):34,413
Last modified:March 21, 2006 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i897B15A9B7DB41D9
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A3Q1LV27A0A3Q1LV27_BOVIN
Interferon-inducible double-strande...
PRKRA
302Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC113246 mRNA Translation: AAI13247.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001039335.1, NM_001045870.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000001451; ENSBTAP00000001451; ENSBTAG00000001096

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
282875

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:282875

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC113246 mRNA Translation: AAI13247.1
RefSeqiNP_001039335.1, NM_001045870.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ2HJ92
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000001451

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ2HJ92
PRIDEiQ2HJ92

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000001451; ENSBTAP00000001451; ENSBTAG00000001096
GeneIDi282875
KEGGibta:282875

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
8575
VGNCiVGNC:33343 PRKRA

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3732 Eukaryota
ENOG410XSCK LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000157618
HOGENOMiCLU_048292_0_0_1
InParanoidiQ2HJ92
OMAiVTVCHGT
OrthoDBi1093169at2759
TreeFamiTF315953

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000001096 Expressed in brain and 9 other tissues
ExpressionAtlasiQ2HJ92 baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00048 DSRM, 3 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR014720 dsRBD_dom
IPR033363 PRKRA
IPR032478 Staufen_C
PANTHERiPTHR46205:SF2 PTHR46205:SF2, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00035 dsrm, 2 hits
PF16482 Staufen_C, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00358 DSRM, 3 hits
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50137 DS_RBD, 3 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPRKRA_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q2HJ92
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 7, 2009
Last sequence update: March 21, 2006
Last modified: February 26, 2020
This is version 90 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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