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Entry version 104 (02 Dec 2020)
Sequence version 1 (04 Apr 2006)
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Protein

Citrate synthase, mitochondrial

Gene

CS

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Miscellaneous

Citrate synthase is found in nearly all cells capable of oxidative metabolism.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: tricarboxylic acid cycle

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes isocitrate from oxaloacetate.
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Citrate synthase, mitochondrial (CS)
  2. Aconitate hydratase, mitochondrial (ACO2), Aconitate hydratase, mitochondrial (ACO2), Aconitate hydratase, mitochondrial (ACO2)
This subpathway is part of the pathway tricarboxylic acid cycle, which is itself part of Carbohydrate metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes isocitrate from oxaloacetate, the pathway tricarboxylic acid cycle and in Carbohydrate metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei301PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Active sitei347PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Active sitei402PROSITE-ProRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferase
Biological processTricarboxylic acid cycle

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-BTA-71403, Citric acid cycle (TCA cycle)

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
Q29RK1

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00223;UER00717

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Citrate synthase, mitochondrial (EC:2.3.3.1)
Alternative name(s):
Citrate (Si)-synthase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CS
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 5

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:27748, CS

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Mitochondrion

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

More...
ChEMBLi
CHEMBL2406901

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 27MitochondrionBy similarityAdd BLAST27
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000024437728 – 466Citrate synthase, mitochondrialAdd BLAST439

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei57N6-succinyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei76N6-acetyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei76N6-succinyllysine; alternate1 Publication1
Modified residuei103N6-succinyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei193N6-succinyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei226PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei321N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei321N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei327N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei327N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei375N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei375N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei382N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei393N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei393N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei395N6,N6,N6-trimethyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei450N6-succinyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei459N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei459N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Methylated. Trimethylation at Lys-395 by CSKMT decreases citrate synthase activity.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Methylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q29RK1

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q29RK1

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q29RK1

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q29RK1

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000004371, Expressed in heart and 19 other tissues

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q29RK1, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000005730

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q29RK1

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the citrate synthase family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2617, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000006813

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_022049_2_1_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q29RK1

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
TVGWCAQ

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1131452at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF300398

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.230.10, 1 hit
1.10.580.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR016142, Citrate_synth-like_lrg_a-sub
IPR016143, Citrate_synth-like_sm_a-sub
IPR002020, Citrate_synthase
IPR019810, Citrate_synthase_AS
IPR010109, Citrate_synthase_euk
IPR036969, Citrate_synthase_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11739, PTHR11739, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00285, Citrate_synt, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00143, CITRTSNTHASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48256, SSF48256, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01793, cit_synth_euk, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00480, CITRATE_SYNTHASE, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q29RK1-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MALLTAAARL FGAKNASCLV LAARHASASS TNLKDILADL IPKEQTRVKA
60 70 80 90 100
FRQQHGKTVV GQITVDMMYG GMRGMKGLVY ETSVLDPDEG IRFRGYSIPE
110 120 130 140 150
CQKLLPKAKG GEEPLPEGLF WLLVTGQIPT EEQVSWLSQE WAKRAALPSH
160 170 180 190 200
VVTMLDNFPT NLHPMSQLSA AVTALNSEST FARAYSEGIN RTKYWELIYE
210 220 230 240 250
DSMDLIAKLP CVAAKIYRNL YREGSSIGAI DPKLDWSHNF TNMLGYTDAQ
260 270 280 290 300
FTELMRLYLT IHSDHEGGNV SAHTSHLVGS ALSDPYLSFA AAMNGLAGPL
310 320 330 340 350
HGLANQEVLV WLTQLQKEVG KDVSDEKLRD YIWNTLNSGR VVPGYGHAVL
360 370 380 390 400
RKTDPRYTCQ REFALKHLPQ DPMFKLVAQL YKIVPNILLE QGKAKNPWPN
410 420 430 440 450
VDAHSGVLLQ YYGMTEMNYY TVLFGVSRAL GVLAQLIWSR ALGFPLERPK
460
SMSTDGLMKF VDSKSG
Length:466
Mass (Da):51,773
Last modified:April 4, 2006 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i73C2CB93589084B3
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC114138 mRNA Translation: AAI14139.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001038186.1, NM_001044721.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000005730; ENSBTAP00000005730; ENSBTAG00000004371

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
280682

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:280682

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC114138 mRNA Translation: AAI14139.1
RefSeqiNP_001038186.1, NM_001044721.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ29RK1
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiQ29RK1, 1 interactor
STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000005730

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL2406901

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ29RK1

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ29RK1
PeptideAtlasiQ29RK1
PRIDEiQ29RK1

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000005730; ENSBTAP00000005730; ENSBTAG00000004371
GeneIDi280682
KEGGibta:280682

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
1431
VGNCiVGNC:27748, CS

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2617, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000006813
HOGENOMiCLU_022049_2_1_1
InParanoidiQ29RK1
OMAiTVGWCAQ
OrthoDBi1131452at2759
TreeFamiTF300398

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00223;UER00717
ReactomeiR-BTA-71403, Citric acid cycle (TCA cycle)
SABIO-RKiQ29RK1

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q29RK1

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000004371, Expressed in heart and 19 other tissues

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.230.10, 1 hit
1.10.580.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR016142, Citrate_synth-like_lrg_a-sub
IPR016143, Citrate_synth-like_sm_a-sub
IPR002020, Citrate_synthase
IPR019810, Citrate_synthase_AS
IPR010109, Citrate_synthase_euk
IPR036969, Citrate_synthase_sf
PANTHERiPTHR11739, PTHR11739, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00285, Citrate_synt, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00143, CITRTSNTHASE
SUPFAMiSSF48256, SSF48256, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01793, cit_synth_euk, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00480, CITRATE_SYNTHASE, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCISY_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q29RK1
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 27, 2006
Last sequence update: April 4, 2006
Last modified: December 2, 2020
This is version 104 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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