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Entry version 98 (29 Sep 2021)
Sequence version 2 (03 Jul 2019)
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Protein

4-trimethylaminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase

Gene

ALDH9A1

Organism
Sus scrofa (Pig)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Converts gamma-trimethylaminobutyraldehyde into gamma-butyrobetaine with high efficiency (in vitro). Can catalyze the irreversible oxidation of a broad range of aldehydes to the corresponding acids in an NAD-dependent reaction, but with low efficiency.

By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: carnitine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway carnitine biosynthesis, which is part of Amine and polyamine biosynthesis.By similarity
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway carnitine biosynthesis and in Amine and polyamine biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei180NADBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei254Proton acceptorPROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Active sitei288NucleophilePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Binding sitei391NADBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi232 – 236NADBy similarity5

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
LigandNAD

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00118

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
4-trimethylaminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase (EC:1.2.1.47By similarity)
Short name:
TMABA-DH
Short name:
TMABADH
Alternative name(s):
Aldehyde dehydrogenase family 9 member A1 (EC:1.2.1.3By similarity)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ALDH9A1
Synonyms:ALDH9
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSus scrofa (Pig)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9823 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaSuinaSuidaeSus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000314985 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 4
  • UP000008227 Componenti: Chromosome 4

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000564872 – 4944-trimethylaminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenaseAdd BLAST493

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei2N-acetylserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei30N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei30N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei59N6-succinyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei298N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei303N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei303N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei344N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation

Proteomic databases

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
Q29228

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q29228

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q29228, baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9823.ENSSSCP00000006743

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q29228

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2450, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000162687

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
PMPIAAW

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.309.10, 1 hit
3.40.605.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR016161, Ald_DH/histidinol_DH
IPR016163, Ald_DH_C
IPR016160, Ald_DH_CS_CYS
IPR029510, Ald_DH_CS_GLU
IPR016162, Ald_DH_N
IPR015590, Aldehyde_DH_dom

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00171, Aldedh, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53720, SSF53720, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00070, ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_CYS, 1 hit
PS00687, ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_GLU, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q29228-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSTGTFIVSQ PLNYRGGARV DPVDASGTEK AFEPATGRVI ATFTCSGEKE
60 70 80 90 100
VNLAVQDAKA AFKIWSQKSG MERCRILLEA ARIIRERKEE IATMETINNG
110 120 130 140 150
KSIFEARLDV DISWQCLEYY AGLAGSMAGE HIQLPGGSFG YTRREPLGVC
160 170 180 190 200
VGIGAWNYPF QIACWKSAPA LACGNAMIFK PSPFTPLSVL LLAEIYTEAG
210 220 230 240 250
VPPGLFNVVQ GGATTGQLLC QHRDVAKISF TGSVPTGSKI MEMSAKGIKP
260 270 280 290 300
VTLELGGKSP LIIFSDCDMG NAVKGALMAN FLTQGEVCCN GTRVFVQKEI
310 320 330 340 350
LDKFTEEVVK QTQRIKIGDP LLEDTRMGPL INRPHLERIL GFVKVAKEQG
360 370 380 390 400
AKVLCGGDLY VPEDPKLKEG YYMRPCVLTN CRDDMTCVKE EIFGPVMSIL
410 420 430 440 450
SFDTEAEVVE RANDTTFGLA AGVFTRDIQR AHRVVAELQA GMCFINNYNV
460 470 480 490
SPVELPFGGY KKSGFGRENG RVTIEYYSQL KTVCVEMGDV ESVF
Length:494
Mass (Da):53,941
Last modified:July 3, 2019 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i8C0C40E45EE12161
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
F1S232F1S232_PIG
4-trimethylaminobutyraldehyde dehyd...
ALDH9A1
596Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti43F → L in CAA23277 (PubMed:8672129).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AEMK02000022 Genomic DNA No translation available.
F14819 mRNA Translation: CAA23277.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSSSCT00000062442; ENSSSCP00000033148; ENSSSCG00000006324
ENSSSCT00005030555; ENSSSCP00005018658; ENSSSCG00005019318
ENSSSCT00025041829; ENSSSCP00025017804; ENSSSCG00025030737
ENSSSCT00035052649; ENSSSCP00035021175; ENSSSCG00035039640
ENSSSCT00040054143; ENSSSCP00040022537; ENSSSCG00040040317
ENSSSCT00045043382; ENSSSCP00045030152; ENSSSCG00045025328
ENSSSCT00050067971; ENSSSCP00050029148; ENSSSCG00050049960
ENSSSCT00055016858; ENSSSCP00055013302; ENSSSCG00055008579
ENSSSCT00060094541; ENSSSCP00060040884; ENSSSCG00060069250
ENSSSCT00065072386; ENSSSCP00065031530; ENSSSCG00065052868
ENSSSCT00070049160; ENSSSCP00070041517; ENSSSCG00070024633

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AEMK02000022 Genomic DNA No translation available.
F14819 mRNA Translation: CAA23277.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ29228
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9823.ENSSSCP00000006743

Proteomic databases

PeptideAtlasiQ29228
PRIDEiQ29228

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSSSCT00000062442; ENSSSCP00000033148; ENSSSCG00000006324
ENSSSCT00005030555; ENSSSCP00005018658; ENSSSCG00005019318
ENSSSCT00025041829; ENSSSCP00025017804; ENSSSCG00025030737
ENSSSCT00035052649; ENSSSCP00035021175; ENSSSCG00035039640
ENSSSCT00040054143; ENSSSCP00040022537; ENSSSCG00040040317
ENSSSCT00045043382; ENSSSCP00045030152; ENSSSCG00045025328
ENSSSCT00050067971; ENSSSCP00050029148; ENSSSCG00050049960
ENSSSCT00055016858; ENSSSCP00055013302; ENSSSCG00055008579
ENSSSCT00060094541; ENSSSCP00060040884; ENSSSCG00060069250
ENSSSCT00065072386; ENSSSCP00065031530; ENSSSCG00065052868
ENSSSCT00070049160; ENSSSCP00070041517; ENSSSCG00070024633

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2450, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000162687
OMAiPMPIAAW

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00118

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ29228, baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.309.10, 1 hit
3.40.605.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR016161, Ald_DH/histidinol_DH
IPR016163, Ald_DH_C
IPR016160, Ald_DH_CS_CYS
IPR029510, Ald_DH_CS_GLU
IPR016162, Ald_DH_N
IPR015590, Aldehyde_DH_dom
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00171, Aldedh, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53720, SSF53720, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00070, ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_CYS, 1 hit
PS00687, ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_GLU, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiAL9A1_PIG
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q29228
Secondary accession number(s): A0A286ZNV5
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
Last sequence update: July 3, 2019
Last modified: September 29, 2021
This is version 98 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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