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Entry version 83 (29 Sep 2021)
Sequence version 2 (02 Sep 2008)
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Protein

Glutaredoxin-3

Gene

glrx3

Organism
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (Silurana tropicalis)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Together with bola2, acts as a cytosolic iron-sulfur (Fe-S) cluster assembly factor that facilitates [2Fe-2S] cluster insertion into a subset of cytosolic proteins. Required for hemoglobin maturation. Does not possess any thyoredoxin activity since it lacks the conserved motif that is essential for catalytic activity.

By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi150Iron-sulfur (2Fe-2S); shared with dimeric partnerBy similarity1
Metal bindingi252Iron-sulfur (2Fe-2S); shared with dimeric partnerBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

LigandIron, Iron-sulfur, Metal-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glutaredoxin-3
Alternative name(s):
Thioredoxin-like protein 2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:glrx3
Synonyms:txnl2
ORF Names:TNeu109g06.1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiXenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (Silurana tropicalis)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri8364 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiAmphibiaBatrachiaAnuraPipoideaPipidaeXenopodinaeXenopusSilurana
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000008143 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unassembled WGS sequence

Organism-specific databases

Xenopus laevis and tropicalis biology and genomics resource

More...
Xenbasei
XB-GENE-492130, glrx3

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003489281 – 326Glutaredoxin-3Add BLAST326

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q28ID3

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer; the homodimer is independent of 2Fe-2S clusters. Heterotrimer; forms a heterotrimeric complex composed by two bola2 molecules and one glrx3 molecule; linked by [2Fe-2S] clusters.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
8364.ENSXETP00000024679

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q28ID3

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini1 – 108ThioredoxinPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST108
Domaini125 – 227Glutaredoxin 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST103
Domaini227 – 326Glutaredoxin 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST100

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The thioredoxin domain lacks the two redox-active cysteines. This strongly suggests that it lacks thioredoxin activity.

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0911, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00550000075030

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q28ID3

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1449534at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd03028, GRX_PICOT_like, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002109, Glutaredoxin
IPR033658, GRX_PICOT-like
IPR004480, Monothiol_GRX-rel
IPR036249, Thioredoxin-like_sf
IPR013766, Thioredoxin_domain

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10293, PTHR10293, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00462, Glutaredoxin, 2 hits
PF00085, Thioredoxin, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52833, SSF52833, 3 hits

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00365, TIGR00365, 2 hits

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51354, GLUTAREDOXIN_2, 2 hits
PS51352, THIOREDOXIN_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 6 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q28ID3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAAVLEAGSA GQFEQLIQNS AKSLTVVHFW APWAPQCTQM NEVMAELAKE
60 70 80 90 100
QPQVMFVKLE AEAVPEVSEK YEVTSVPTFL FFKNSQKIDR LDGAHAPELT
110 120 130 140 150
KRVQRHASST SFPATPNSAP KEDLNGRLKK LINAAPCMLF MKGSPQEPRC
160 170 180 190 200
GFSRQIVALL NDQKVQFSSF DILSDEEVRQ GLKTFSNWPT YPQFYVKGEL
210 220 230 240 250
VGGLDIVKEM VASGELDQMC PKAQSLEERL KALVNKAPVM LFMKGNKEMA
260 270 280 290 300
KCGFSRQILE IMNNTGVTYE TFDILEDEEV RQGLKAYSNW PTYPQLYVKG
310 320
ELVGGLDIIK ELKESGELVS VLKGDQ
Length:326
Mass (Da):36,424
Last modified:September 2, 2008 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iC013BFECC6C7AAD1
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 6 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A6I8QAL8A0A6I8QAL8_XENTR
Glutaredoxin-3
glrx3
320Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A6I8QWA4A0A6I8QWA4_XENTR
Glutaredoxin-3
glrx3
323Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A6I8R7M2A0A6I8R7M2_XENTR
Glutaredoxin-3
glrx3
311Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A6I8RXE0A0A6I8RXE0_XENTR
Glutaredoxin-3
glrx3
307Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A6I8SAA4A0A6I8SAA4_XENTR
Glutaredoxin-3
glrx3
328Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
F6ZFE9F6ZFE9_XENTR
Glutaredoxin-3
glrx3
103Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CR760465 mRNA Translation: CAJ82722.1
BC155988 mRNA Translation: AAI55989.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001017209.1, NM_001017209.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSXETT00000024679; ENSXETP00000024679; ENSXETG00000011308
ENSXETT00000090618; ENSXETP00000087367; ENSXETG00000011308
ENSXETT00000098594; ENSXETP00000093817; ENSXETG00000011308

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
549963

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
xtr:549963

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CR760465 mRNA Translation: CAJ82722.1
BC155988 mRNA Translation: AAI55989.1
RefSeqiNP_001017209.1, NM_001017209.2

3D structure databases

SMRiQ28ID3
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi8364.ENSXETP00000024679

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ28ID3

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSXETT00000024679; ENSXETP00000024679; ENSXETG00000011308
ENSXETT00000090618; ENSXETP00000087367; ENSXETG00000011308
ENSXETT00000098594; ENSXETP00000093817; ENSXETG00000011308
GeneIDi549963
KEGGixtr:549963

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
10539
XenbaseiXB-GENE-492130, glrx3

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0911, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00550000075030
InParanoidiQ28ID3
OrthoDBi1449534at2759

Family and domain databases

CDDicd03028, GRX_PICOT_like, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002109, Glutaredoxin
IPR033658, GRX_PICOT-like
IPR004480, Monothiol_GRX-rel
IPR036249, Thioredoxin-like_sf
IPR013766, Thioredoxin_domain
PANTHERiPTHR10293, PTHR10293, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00462, Glutaredoxin, 2 hits
PF00085, Thioredoxin, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52833, SSF52833, 3 hits
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00365, TIGR00365, 2 hits
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51354, GLUTAREDOXIN_2, 2 hits
PS51352, THIOREDOXIN_2, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGLRX3_XENTR
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q28ID3
Secondary accession number(s): A9JSB2
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 2, 2008
Last sequence update: September 2, 2008
Last modified: September 29, 2021
This is version 83 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
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